In the history of the Spring and Autumn Period in China, there is a well-known figure named Guan Zhong . He was the Prime Minister of the State of Qi in the Spring and Autumn Period of China. It was precisely because he assisted the Emperor Qi that he became the hegemon of the Spring and Autumn Period. Qi became the most powerful country in the Spring and Autumn Period. But many people don't know Guan Zhong well, so who is Guan Zhong?
Guan Zhong was a Qi national in the Spring and Autumn Period of China. At first he was just an ordinary businessman. Guan Zhong had a poor family from a young age, and his father died prematurely. Therefore, his business was mainly to earn living expenses and to support his mother. However, he did not want to do business. Do something great.
Who is Guan Zhong? He is a famous politician and military strategist in the history of our country. Guan Zhongben was a businessman, and later abandoned the business to assist the son-in-law in the dispute. After the son-in-law failed. He became the Prime Minister of Qi State under the recommendation of Bao Shuya , and later Qi State under his administration became the top five tyrants in the Spring and Autumn Period.
Guan Zhong is also a famous thinker in the history of our country. Guan Zhong is the main representative of the Confucian School of Legalists in the Spring and Autumn Period. He is the author of Guan Zi . Guan Zhong was one of the most important figures of the Legalists in the Spring and Autumn Period. He transmitted the thoughts of the Legalists to the monarch Qi Qionggong of Qi State, and determined the status of the Legalists in the Spring and Autumn Period.
He is a generation of famous figures in the Spring and Autumn Period of China. His policies for governing the country have been widely circulated for Qi Xionggong. He and Zhu Geliang have been described by historians as the two most outstanding figures in Chinese history.
Now do you know Guan Zhong? He is an outstanding politician, military strategist, and thinker. He is also a good friend to run the country.
Guan Zhong's Story
Guan Zhong, the word Yiwu, is a late figure in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. Guan Zhong is a man with great talents, but because of his poor family, apart from his good friend Bao Shuya, who appreciates him and continues to help him, no one else recognizes him and his talents cannot be used.
During the reign of King Qi Xiang, King Qi Xiang was very brutal. His two sons, his son Xiaobai and his son, fled in order to save their lives. Bao Shuya was the son of Xiaobai, and Guan Zhong was the son of Xiaozi. During the flight, the son Zheng and Guan Zhong took refuge in Lu, and were respected by Lu. However, not long after King Qi Xiang was killed by Gongsun's ignorance, his son Xiaobai returned to Qi Kingdom earlier, inherited the throne, and hunted down the son who had been competing with him for the throne.
After Lu Guo heard the news, he sent an army to kill the son-in-law and the guard-in-law of the son-in-law, and Guan Guan was imprisoned. Bao Shuya knew that Guan Zhong had not been killed, but after being imprisoned, he quickly recommended Guan Zhong to Qi Yigong, saying that if Qi Zhonggong wanted to achieve hegemony, he must use Guan Zhong as the prime minister. Qi Yangong listened to Bao Shuya's words and told Lu Guo to return Guan Zhong to Qi Guo.
A few days before Guan Zhong returned to Qi Kingdom, Qi Yangong fasted and bathed for three days, and personally greeted him in front of the city gate. He took a carriage with Guan Zhong and asked about the way of governing the country. After Guan Zhong arrived in Qi Kingdom, Guan Zhong was named as the Prime Minister of the State of Qi, who contributed to the state of Qi and made great contributions to the stability and prosperity of the people of Qi and guaranteed the security of the state of Qi and Guotai. In addition, he also made suggestions for Qi Yegong's hegemony, allowing other vassal states to succumb to Qi Country, making Qi Yegong one of the five tyrants in the Spring and Autumn Period, and it has a long history.
Guan Zhongxiong from Yu Xiong
Guan Zhong and Xun Peng were both under the Qi Qiong Gong in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods. When Guan Zhong and Xun Peng followed the Qi Xinggong expedition to the Gongzhu Kingdom, due to the expedition in spring and returning to the country in winter, no one knew the way to meet Qi. . Qi Xionggong was very anxious, the food and grass were insufficient, and the weather was very cold, and everyone was in panic.
At this time, Guan Zhong stood up. Guan Zhong let the old horse out of the general and let the old horse walk in front and lead the army. Sure enough , under the guidance of Lao Ma, the army found a way to join Qi, and returned safely to Qi, ensuring the safety of the army and Qi Jiong. The generals admired Guan Zhong's profound knowledge and praised him.
During this period, Qi ’s army also experienced water depletion on the way back to Qi. Many of the soldiers could no longer drink water, and the army sent many soldiers out to find water sources and found no water. After knowing the situation, Peng Peng said to the generals that the ants lived in Shannan in winter and lived in Shanbei in summer. As soon as they found the ant's nest and dug down the ant's nest, they would soon dig out the water source. . Pointing at Shi Tinglin's uncle, he found the ant's nest, and then dug down with the ant's nest, and he dug into the water.
From these two things, we will soon see that two such smart people from Guan Zhongyi Peng know how to learn from old horses and ants. We do n’t have Guan Zhong and Yi Peng who are smart people. Why do n’t we learn later? And life There are many of them who are both inexperienced and reluctant to ask others for advice. Isn't that a mess?
Guan Zhong breaks the thick burial
In the late Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, Qi State was very popular with thick burials. Qi Xionggong was very worried that a situation would worsen, so he told Guan Zhong: If the thick funeral ceremony continues like this, Qi Guo ’s clothes and robes will be used for funeral uniforms, Qi All the trees in China are used as coffins. How should we solve this problem?
Guan Zhongzhi said that the reason why they choose to be buried is not for the sake of name but for the benefit. From these two perspectives, this problem should be solved well.
So Qi Gonggong ordered that from now on, if there is still a thick funeral, someone will be sent to insult the body of the deceased, and those who handle the funeral will be arrested for crimes. After the order was reached, ordinary people and senior officials and nobles in Qi State did not dare to perform a thick funeral ceremony. Because if the funeral is carried out with a thick funeral, the deceased will not only lose its reputation, but also its reputation. Not only do the people who handle the funeral receive no benefits, they are also arrested for crimes. Therefore, for a short time, the funeral ceremony was stopped, and the clothes and wood of Qi State could be better used.
Guan Zhong has a thorough understanding of the customs of Qi Guohou's burial. Starting from the root causes of people's thick burial, he told Qi Xionggong that as long as he grasps these root causes, he can effectively resolve the funeral rites and make Qi Guo ’s supplies If they are wasted, they can give full play to the role of these materials, benefit the people of Qi State, and enhance the comprehensive national strength of Qi State.
After reading Guan Zhong's burial burial article, we should, like Guan Zhong, learn to grasp the root cause of things. Starting from the root cause, we can solve the problem well. Otherwise, we can only do more with less and waste money and resources.
Guan Zhong doesn't thank her
The two sons of Qi Guo's son Xiaobai and the son of Xiaogu were fighting for the throne. After the death of King Qi Xiang, his son Xiaobai rushed back to Qi Kingdom, and took the throne, which was later Qi Xiong. Qi Yangong ordered the chase to be killed. At that time, the son-in-law corrected in the kingdom of Lu. The monarch of Lu Guo was forced to kill the followers of the son-in-law and the son-in-law, and the imprisoned officer Guan Zhong was imprisoned.
Qi Shugong's counselor Bao Shuya and Guan Zhong were friends for many years, and Bao Shuya knew Guan Zhong very well and knew that Guan Zhong had great talents, so he recommended Guan Zhong to Qi Yonggong. It is said that if Qi Jiong wants to achieve hegemony, Guan Zhong must be the prime minister, otherwise it is difficult to unify the princes.
Qi Yigong informed Lu Guo that he wanted Guan Zhong to return to Qi Guo. During Guan Zhong's return to Qi State, Guan Zhong was very hungry but had no food, so he asked for food from an official who guarded the city, and this official was also very respectful to Guan Zhong. Afterwards, this official quietly said to Guan Zhong: If you returned to Qi State, and fortunately you were not executed by Qi Jiong, how would you repay me? Guan Zhong said frankly: If I returned to Qi State without being executed, I would know Make good use of it so that talented people can become senior officials. In addition to these, how do you want me to repay you?
The official heard this from Guan Zhong, knowing that Guan Zhong would not seek public gain for the sake of giving food to the official count, so this official had always hated Guan Zhong. This incident shows that Guan Zhong is a public-private person, and he will not affect the stability of the country because of private uselessness. This also shows that Bao Shuya has never misunderstood Guan Zhong. Later, Guan Zhong also made great contributions to Qi State, and even the people in Qilu are still enjoying everything that Guan Zhong has gained through his intellect.
Guan Zhong San Xun San Mu see Qi Qi
The story of Guan Zhongxiang Qi is widely circulated. Guan Zhong is the most outstanding prime minister during the Spring and Autumn Period, because with the help of Guan Zhong, Qi Kingdom gradually became stronger and stronger and became the hegemon of the Spring and Autumn Period. After the reform of Qi Zhonggong, Guan Zhong was appointed to implement political reforms. We all know Guan Zhongxiang Qi's talents at the Qi National Exhibition, but few people understand the process of Guan Zhongsan Xun Sanmu meeting Qi Jiong.
After the death of King Qi Xiang, Guan Zhong originally helped the son to fight for the throne. Unfortunately, Xiao Bai was also the later Qi Jionggong's victory. After Qi Jionggong took the throne, he decided to reuse Guan Zhong regardless of his previous suspicions. Is grateful.
At that time, Guan Zhong fled to Lu Kingdom because he had helped his son to fight against Qi Jiong. The envoy of King Qi went to Lu Kingdom to bring Guan Zhong back to Qi State. After entering the country, the Qi nationals became Guan Zhong San Xun San. Mu came to show respect. At that time, people in Qi Kingdom valued bathing. San Xun San Mu was the highest courtesy in bathing. Qi Zhonggong's courtesy and respect for Guan Zhong moved Guan Zhong very much. Since then, as the Prime Minister of Qi State, he has assisted Qi Jiong and assisted Qi Jiong to govern the country, and finally made Qi State the most powerful country in the Spring and Autumn Period.
The story of Guan Zhongsan Xun Sanmu seeing Qi Ji was widely circulated in the annals of history. Qi Jiong, regardless of his previous appointing talents, had become the role model of the later monarchs. The story of Guan Zhongsan Xun Sanmu not only shows that Qi Yigong is a bright monarch, but also shows readers the importance Qi state paid to bathing etiquette during the Spring and Autumn Period. It turns out that only the monarch and the country that understand it can gradually change. Be strong.
Guan Zhong was a famous politician and military strategist in the Spring and Autumn Period of China. After becoming the Prime Minister of the State of Qi, he implemented a series of reforms to make Qi State rapidly prosperous and strong, becoming the first hegemon of the Spring and Autumn Period. Guan Zhongyufeng told an interesting story before Guan Zhong became the Prime Minister of Qi State.
At that time, Qi was chaotic at home, and the two sons abroad, the son Xiaobai and the son Xiaoqiu, would fight for time. At that time, in order to gain time for the son, Guan Zhong led a chariot to intercept and kill the son Xiaobai. After the son Xiaobai pretended to be dead, he escaped after a disaster. After mastering the power, the son Xiaobai ordered the monarch of Lu Guo to surrender Guan Zhong.
The leader of the State of Lu was forced to surrender Guan Zhong. After being tied up, he pressed the prison car and was hungry and thirsty on the way back from Lu Guo to Qi State, so he asked some border guards for food during Qiwu. Qiwu's frontier officials respected him so much that he knelt down to feed him.
But what was unexpected was that the frontier official told Guan Zhong in private that you were lucky enough to return, you would not be executed, and you might be appointed prime minister. Then, if you become the prime minister of Qi State, What are you going to give me back?
Guan Zhong was very grateful to this person at the beginning, but when he said that, he was very angry, so he said: If I can really be the prime minister, then I will appoint talented people, use talented people, yes A creditworthy person makes a notarized assessment, these are what I use to repay you. After hearing this man, he resented him very much.
Guan Zhong had been very grateful for the food, but when he said that, Guan Zhong became disgusted with his motivation, so he no longer wanted to repay him, and also served as a warning for later people.
Guan Zhongfei benevolent and
The article "Guan Zhong Fei Ren Yu" mainly records some comments and discussions about Guan Zhong by Confucius and his disciples. At the beginning of the article, Zigong asked Confucius about whether Guan Zhong could be regarded as a benevolent person. Zigong was very confused. After the death of Qi Xianggong, Guan Zhongben was committed to helping the son to get the throne, but the son was eventually defeated by Xiao Bai. Xiao Bai finally became the grandfather of Qi Qiong and killed his son, but Guan Zhong not only did not fight for the death of his son, but also became the prime minister of Qi Qi.
Confused about Zigong, Confucius explained, "If it wasn't for Guan Zhong using his talents to help Qi Guo become strong, then Qi Guo's people would not have such a good life. Even you and I would wear clothes with open chests. Died in a gully in the mountains, not like it is now. "
In this article, the discussion between Gongsun Chou and Zeng Xi is also recorded. During the discussion, Gong Sun Chou asked Zeng Xi, if Zeng Xi served in Qi State, could it possibly be compared with Guan Zhong, who is more talented? Zeng Xi was very angry when he heard what Gongsun was ugly, and he told Gongsun ugly: "Guan Zhong was trusted by the monarch and exercised the state power, but he did too little for the country and was too humble, so I Disdain comparing with Guan Zhong. "
In the two discussions recorded in this article, Confucius and Zigong's exposition affirmed the great dedication of Guan Zhong to the State of Qi, and determined Guan Zhong's talents through Guan Zhong's bringing a happy life to the people. The discussion between Gongsun Chou and Zeng Xi had the opposite attitude to Guan Zhong's merit. Zeng Xi believed that Guan Zhong did nothing for the country. From this article, we can see that Guan Zhongyi's career has different judgments.
Guan Zhong was a famous military strategist, politician, and thinker during the Spring and Autumn Period in China. Confucius once said: "Guan Zhongzhi has a small urn." This sentence means that Guan Zhong is a small human, so why did Confucius say Guan Zhong this way?
Guan Zhong, as a famous figure in the Spring and Autumn Period of China, helped Qi Xionggong to become the Spring and Autumn Hegemon, and also helped Qi to become the most powerful country in the Spring and Autumn Period. For Qi State, Guan Zhong's suggestions for their country have made their country rich and strong. In that case, why did Confucius, the most prestigious of the hundreds of families in the Spring and Autumn Period, feel that "Guan Zhong's device is small"?
"The Analects of Confucius" records: "Guan Zhong's instrument is small!" Or: "Guan Zhong is frugal?" Said: " Guan has three returnees, officials do not take photos, frugality?" "But Guan Zhong Zhili?" : "The prince is a tree, and the Guan family is also a tree. A prince is good for two princes, and there is a rebellion, and a Guan family also rebels. The Guan family knows the courtesy, but they do not know the courtesy?" This passage is fully translated as : Confucius said: "Guan Zhong is really small," Q: "Do Guan Zhong know frugality? Confucius replied:" Guan Zhong has three wives, how can he know frugality. "Q:" Does Guan Zhong understand etiquette? "Confucius replied:" There is a gate in front of the emperor's house, and there is a wine glass used by the monarch to host banquets for foreign envoys. He also has it. If Guan Zhong understands etiquette, There are no rude people in the world. This passage in The Analects expresses Confucius' belief that Guan Zhongzhi's instrument is small.
No matter whether Confucius said "Guan Zhongzhi Xiaoxiao" is correct, Guan Zhong's ability to learn is praised by future generations. With his help, it is also true that Qi Guo became the ruler of Spring and Autumn. "The Analects" "Guan Zhongzhi Xiaoxiao" Nor can the judgement completely deny Guan Zhong.
Guan Zhongyi's words come from "Biography of Guan Yan", which is selected from the famous historian Sima Qian's " Historical Records ". "Biography of Guan Yan" records Guan Zhong, a famous statesman and military strategist in the late Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. A biography with the two of Yan Zi .
Guan Zhong, the word Yiwu, was the eunuch who took office in the late Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. When Guan Zhong was young, he often associated with Uncle Bao Ya. The relationship between the two was very deep, and Bao Shu Ya believed that Guan Zhong had great talents. Because of this, Bao Shuya paid great attention to Guan Zhong's life, and did everything he could to help Guan Zhong in his political career.
Guan Zhong's family was very poor before, but Bao Shuya was very good at Guan Zhong, often let Guan Zhong take advantage of himself, and never had half a complaint. But in politics, the two people are different. Uncle Bao worships the son Xiaobai, while Guan Zhongbai is the son of the boy. Soon after, the son Xiaobai was ascended the throne, which was later Qi Yangong. In order to solve the later troubles, avoid the son's rebellion and fight for his throne, he ordered Lu Guogong to kill the son. Guan Zhong, the master's counselor, was naturally arrested.
Uncle Bao knew that Guan Zhong had been arrested, so he quickly recommended Guan Zhong to Qi Yigong, hoping that Qi Zhonggong would collect Guan Zhong under his Majesty, and help Qi Yigong to plan the world's major events.
In the end, Guan Zhong agreed to help Qi Jiong to rule, and to assist Qi Jiong to dominate, which is indispensable for Guan Zhong. Afterwards, Qi Kaigong Zhao Kaili had several vassal meetings, which made other weak vassal states jealous of Qi's strength, and enabled Qi to achieve the effect of humiliating soldiers without fighting, which was also the trick of Guan Zhongxian.
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