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What happened to Cixi during the Sino-Japanese War?

Regarding Cixi's busy life during the Sino-Japanese War , I believe everyone is angry. At the critical moment of life and death in the country, the Empress Dowager Cixi said calmly: "As long as you don't hit Beijing, you will continue to live." This also shows the selfishness and dullness of Empress Dowager Cixi.

In the choice between national interests and her own interests, the Empress Dowager Cixi resolutely chose to protect her own interests, which is why she bears the historical stigma. In fact, the Queen Mother Cixi was too fancy for the reason behind this life. She wanted to control the actual government through this life. Although Cixi was then the head of the Qing Dynasty , Guangxu was the true no matter what. Emperor , she is going to get the government right in this birthday party. Japan ’s attack on the Qing Dynasty was not unfounded either. They asked Ci Xi to live on this day in advance, so they specifically chose Ci Xi to live on the offensive. They knew that Qing Dynasty ’s energy would be concentrated on Ci Xi at this time. What surprised Japan was that Cixi didn't launch all its forces to resist, so Japan logically captured Dalian Bay.

Ci Xi ’s busy life during the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War further made Japan think that the Qing Dynasty was untenable , and then began the next large-scale attack. At this time, Li Hongzhang could n't help it. He didn't want to see the naval division he had created. The entire army was annihilated , so he chose to avoid war and protect the ship. Japan quickly attacked Beijing, and Cixi realized her mistake at this time, and had no choice but to abscond with Emperor Guangxu .

It can also be seen from the busy life of Cixi during the Sino-Japanese War that the corruption and backwardness of the Qing dynasty at that time, the ruling class still did not realize the importance of national interests, and demonstrated the numbness and ignorance of the rulers' thoughts under the feudal rule. As soon as Cixi left, he handed over the mess to Li Hongzhang, who had to admit defeat.

The fuse of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894

During the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894, China's strongest naval fleet, the Beiyang Army Division, was overwhelmed and suffered heavy losses. The signing of the " Maguan Treaty " has severely infringed upon China's sovereignty and carried more heavy liabilities. But why did Japan attack China for no reason ? What was the fuse of the Sino-Japanese War?

The fuse of the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War was actually caused by the Japanese attack on North Korea. North Korea was unable to resist and turned to the Qing for help. Assistance from the Qing Dynasty triggered the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War in the battle between China and Japan.

After the Meiji Restoration in Japan, the launch of the war became more urgent, so North Korea and China were targeted as the main targets, so the war on the Korean Peninsula became the fuse of the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War. During the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, China's maritime military forces suffered heavy losses. The differences in weapons and equipment and the disparity in military management make China a legitimate defeated country and bear a heavier debt burden. Territorial sovereignty and other aspects have also been seriously violated.

The Korean Peninsula war became the fuse of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894. The fuse was just an excuse, and war was bound to happen. At that time, China's decadence and corruption led to the gradual fall of China. China's vast land and feudal history made the great powers want to divide up. As a country just after the reform, Japan naturally needs resources to strengthen itself, so it is natural to encroach on China.

The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 brought a heavy burden of foreign debts and violations of territorial sovereignty. The ignition of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894 made the war break out madly. Not only China, the Korean peninsula has also been severely violated. As long as it is war, it will bring endless disasters to the people, no matter where and when.

Japanese casualties in the Sino-Japanese War

Many wars have occurred in the modern history of China. Most of these wars were dominated by the invasion of China by major powers. Each war left the Chinese nation severely hurt, and every post-war brought large-scale injuries. As the prelude to the Second World War, the Sino-Japanese War was a scar in the hearts of all Chinese people. So what happened to the Japanese casualties in the Sino-Japanese War, and what was the situation in the Chinese army? Why did the Japanese casualties and Chinese troops in the Sino-Japanese War be so huge What is the difference between the Japanese casualties in the Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese military casualties? Can you draw some conclusions?

The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 was a war of Japanese aggression against China. The final result of this battle ended with the substantial victory of the Japanese army. So what were the casualties of the two sides after the battle?

From the perspective of the Japanese army, in this nearly nine-month war, the Japanese army invested about 240,000 people, of which the number of deaths and injuries reached about 130,000, but the actual number of deaths was only 11,000. About a hundred person-times, it can be said that although the Japanese were seriously injured, the amount of troop loss was not too great.

From the perspective of the Chinese army, during the Sino-Japanese War, due to the weakness and incompetence of the Qing government, they looked around and caused the loss of Chinese military forces and weapons. The Chinese army invested about 630,000 troops in this battle. After the battle, According to statistics, the number of deaths was as high as about 310,000, which almost damaged half of the troop strength.

The reason why the Japanese and Chinese troops have such a large difference in casualties is mainly due to the following two reasons.

First, the Japanese side has no worries and devoted all its efforts to fighting, while China has not fully demonstrated its internship but has placed its hopes on international mediation;

Second, before the Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese side invested a lot of money in the construction of military forces, so the overall quality of the Japanese army was higher than that of the Chinese army.

Site of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894

Looking at the modern history of China, that is a history full of humiliation. The wanton invasion of China by the great powers, the weakness and incompetence of the Qing government, the rulers of China, allowed the powers to arbitrarily run across China's territory, causing deep suffering to the Chinese people, and the loss of territorial sovereignty, making China a semi-colonial country. The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 was a war of aggression by Japanese aggressors against China. Then where did the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 and why did the Japanese invaders choose that place as the location of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, and what was the basis for Japan's choice? The location of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 was fixed Does not become, or is it constantly changing?

The Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War was a war in which Japan invaded China and North Korea. The purpose of Japan's initiation of the Sino-Japanese War was to annex North Korea, and then to invade China. From the strategic purpose, it can be seen that the location of the Sino-Japanese War should include both North Korea and China. From the historical data, the Sino-Japanese War The location was not static, but was shifted during the battle. So where are the locations of the Sino-Japanese War?

The target of the Japanese invaders was North Korea, so the location of the first battle of the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War was the Korean Peninsula. The battles that took place on the Korean Peninsula included not only land battles but also maritime battles. The battles on the first battlefield were mainly the Yellow Sea naval battle Pyongyang land war.

In the first battlefield, the Japanese invaders achieved a certain victory, and then launched another round of attacks. The location of this attack was transferred from the Korean Peninsula to the Liaodong Peninsula. During this period, the Yalu River and the Golden Brigade battles occurred.

Then Japan continued to pursue the Chinese army, and the site of the war expanded from the Liaodong Peninsula to the Shandong Peninsula.

What is the impact of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894?

When it comes to war, people usually think of the harm it has caused to people, but things are two-sided. War is also not only hurting people but also promotes the development of history. The Sino-Japanese War of 1894 That's it. An anti-colonial war, which broke out in modern times, was the aggression of powerful industrial countries against backward agricultural countries. Nevertheless, from some perspectives, it is undeniable that the Sino-Japanese War had a profound impact on world history.

Before the Sino-Japanese War broke out, China was already in a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. At the time, the world was already in the background of the second industrial revolution , and closed China was particularly out of place. Therefore, China, which is backward and extremely rich in resources, became the prey in the eyes of Japan, which had developed industries but lacked resources, and launched the Sino-Japanese War of 1894 in 1894. Although it does not have as advanced military equipment as Japan, China has not waited , but has done its best to fight. Even if the results are not satisfactory, it makes sense for the Sino-Japanese War to have a profound impact on world history. It inspired the people of the world's colonies.

The Sino-Japanese War of 1894 had a profound impact on world history. At that time, many countries became imperialist countries after the Industrial Revolution and greedily invaded other weak countries. After Japan invaded China, its national strength was further strengthened, and it subsequently defeated Russia. Resources available Further increase. In the wave of the industrial revolution, it has caught up with the European and American powers, and its economic strength is among the best. It has accelerated the advent of World War II. Therefore, the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War deeply affected the history of the world and changed and shaped a new world pattern.

What is the evaluation of the Sino-Japanese War?

From the evaluation of the Sino-Japanese War, China can learn a lot of lessons. In this unjust war launched by Japan, China is naturally the victim, but China's concession is the biggest failure in the war. Before the two countries fought, China's military strength was not weaker than Japan's. But in the end, China fell to the bottom. Therefore, the evaluation of the Sino-Japanese War was very useful.

The evaluation of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 mentioned that the nine years from the end of the Sino- French War to the outbreak of Sino-Japanese War of China was the best period in the second half of the nineteenth century. During this period, there was no chaos in the country, the international environment in the Far East eased, and China and the western countries were at peace. The Westernization Movement , which aims at "rich nations and strong soldiers", has been effective for 30 years. Even British authorities commented: "Asia is now in the hands of the three major powers-Russia, Britain and China."

Prior to the Sino-Japanese War, the Far East was basically dominated by Russia and Britain. Although the situation in China and Japan was different, they were all restricted by unequal treaties. The victory of the Sino-Japanese War of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894 made Japan a leap into a strong Asian power and completely rid itself of its semi-colonial status. However, China's international status has plummeted, wealth has flowed out, and its national strength has been modest. The failure of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 has caused unprecedented shock to Chinese society. The "pirates" who had always been looked down upon by China actually wiped out the North Sea sailors , demanded huge sums, and cut off the country. Ascending and descending, the self-confidence was lost. The independent finances of the Qing Dynasty were now bankrupt, and they relied on borrowing money from western powers.

On the Japanese side, the victory brought by the victory of the war is far beyond imagination. The 350 million indemnity gives them a sense of upstarts. For the first time, they have tasted the sweetness of Japan and started a long-term aggression against China.

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