The Battle of the Giant Deer was a decisive battle between the Qin Army and the Rebellion Xiangyu Army in Julu (the name of the ancient county, now in the southwest of Pingxiang, Hebei) from 207 to 206 before the end of the Qin Dynasty , and Xiang Yu won the final battle. This was a decisive battle to destroy the main force of the Qin Army in the war of the late Qin Dynasty, and it was also one of the famous battles in history with less victory over more.
In the third year of Qin II (from October 208 to September 207 BC), Xiang Yu led the Chu army to the Yellow River in the south of Julu County (Zhangshui) and immediately dispatched Yingbu and Po The general led a 20,000 volunteer army to cross the river and rescue the giant deer. After the two generals crossed the river, they won a small victory at the beginning. Next, Xiang Yu led the entire army across the Yellow River (one said Zhangshui), ordered the entire army to break the cauldron, burn down the tents of the houses, and bring only three rations to show their determination to win or die, and went straight to the thunder. The giant deer defeated the Qin Army who protected the martyrs in Zhang Han Buddhism, cut off the food lane of Wang Libu, and surrounded Wang Li's army. Xiang Yu's determination and courage greatly encouraged the soldiers. Chu Jun surrounded Wang Li's army, and all his morale was encouraging. After nine fierce battles, Zhang Han was finally repelled, Wang Li was captured alive, and Qin Jiang Su was killed. Qin Jiang set himself on fire and set himself on fire. Other Qin generals were killed and some fled, and Qin surrounded the giant deer. The army disintegrated.
Looking at the wall at this time, the mighty power of the Chu army overwhelmed the vassal army; the army that rescued the vassal state of Zhuolu had more than ten camps, but he dared not send troops to attack. When the Chu army attacked the Qin army, the generals of the prince army watched the battle on the base. Seeing the soldiers of the Chu army all shouted, the shouting and killing sounded terrifying, and the prince soldiers were terrified. After defeating Qin Jun in this way, Xiang Yu summoned the vassal generals. When these generals entered the yamen, none of them moved forward on their knees, and no one dared to look up. Xiang Yu has since become the general of the vassals, and all the vassals have been under his command. But in " Historical Records of Zhanger Chen Yu Biography", there is another saying about the vassal army: "Xian Yu's soldiers have an absolute chapter of Handan Road, Wang Lijun lacks food, Xiang Yu learns to lead his troops across the river, and then breaks Zhang Han. Zhang Han cited The soldiers disbanded, and the princes dared to siege the giant deer Qin Army, and the king of Sulu left. Suicide was involved. "According to" Zhang Er Chen Yu Biography ", the princes army was only when Xiang Yu and Zhang Han's martyrs were fighting Looking at the wall, when Xiang Yu attacked the king, the vassal army took part in the siege, capturing the king and forcing suicide between the kings was the common result of the Chu army and the vassal army. Northern Song Sima Guang in "Zi Zhi Tong Jian" combined the "Hang Yu Benji" and "Zhang Er Chen Yu Biography" in the "Historical Records", expressing: "Xiang Yu Naixi led soldiers across the river, all sinking ships, breaking the cauldron, Alas, burning the house, holding three days of diet, to show that the soldiers will die, and no one will return. So the prince left, and met Qin Jun, nine battles, broke it, Zhang Han led troops. The prince soldiers dare to attack Qin The army killed Su Jiao and the king of kings left;
Zhang Han ’s army was stationed in Jianyuan, and Xiang Yu ’s army was stationed in Zhang Henan. The two armies faced each other without a fight. Because Qin Jun repeatedly retreated, Qin II sent someone to question Zhang Han. Zhang Han was scared, and he sent the chief Shi Simaxin back to the court to ask for business. Sima Xin arrived in Xianyang, and Sima Gate, who was stranded outside the palace, stayed for three days, but Zhao Gao didn't meet, and he expressed distrust. Chang Shi Sima Xin was very scared, and rushed back to the Yuanjun Army, but did not dare to follow the original path. Zhao Gao sent someone to catch up, but did not catch up. Sima Xin returned to the army and reported to Zhang Han: "Zhao Gao took over power in the imperial court. No one can do anything. Now that the battle can be won, Zhao Gao will be jealous of our achievements. Inevitably, I hope you will seriously consider this situation! ”At this time, Chen Yu also wrote a letter to Zhang Han, saying,“ Bai Qi was the general of the Qin Kingdom, the Southern Expedition captured Chuduyu, and the Northern Expedition was slaughtered. The army of Ma Fujun Zhao Kuo , the city that was laid down, and the land seized were countless, and he was finally given death. Meng Tian was also a general of Qin Kingdom. He drove the Huns to the north and opened thousands of miles of land in Yuzhong. He was also killed in Yang Zhou. Why is this? It is because they are too much in war that Qin Chaoting could not give everyone a reward, so they used legal excuses to kill them.
Now that you have been General Qin for three years, you have suffered 100,000 casualties, and more and more princes from all over the country are joining forces at once. That Zhao Gao Yi flattered to A Geng for a long time. Now the situation is critical. He is also afraid of Qin II to kill him, so he wants to make an excuse from the law, kill the general to shirk his responsibilities, and let others replace the general to avoid himself. Disaster. General You have been away for a long time, and there are many people who have a relationship with you in the court. Moreover, heaven is about to destroy the Qin. Everyone knows whether it is the wise or the foolish. Now you ca n’t speak straight inside. You have become a general who has lost your country. Is it sad that you are alone and supported for a long time? General, you might as well lead your soldiers and turn your heads, unite with the princes, and enter into a peace treaty to attack Qin. Qin Di is divided into kings, and they are lonely to the south. Which is better than being tortured and his wife and children killed? ”Zhang Han was hesitant and sent a secret army to Xiang Yu. Wanting to make a peace treaty. The peace treaty was unsuccessful, Xiang Yu ordered General Pu to lead troops to cross Sanhujin day and night, stationed in the south of Zhanghe, battled the Qin Army, and defeated the Qin Army again. Xiang Yu led all the soldiers in the sewage Attacked Qin Jun and defeated Qin Jun.
Xin'an killed Jiangzhang Han and sent someone to see Xiang Yu and wanted to make a peace agreement. Xiang Yu summoned the officers to discuss, "The army has not much grain, and I want to promise them to come to a contract." The officers all said, "Okay." Xiang Yu and Zhang Han had an appointment to meet at Yin Ruins on the south bank of Huangshui. After signing the covenant, Zhang Han saw Xiang Yu and couldn't help shed tears and told Xiang Yu of Zhao Gao's various bad behaviors. Xiang Yu Feng Zhang Han was the King of Yong and placed in Xiang Yu's army. Sima Xin was appointed General, and Qin Jun was commanded as the vanguard. The battle of Julu was over. The troops arrived in Xin'an. The officers and men of the vassal army were previously conscripted and stationed in frontier fortresses. When passing by Qin Zhong, many of the officers and men of Qin Zhong treated them differently. After the Qin army surrendered, many of the officers and soldiers of the vassal army treated them like victory. The slaves used the same, insulting at will.
Many officers and soldiers of Qin Jun privately commented: "General Zhang deceived us into surrendering the vassal army. It would be great if we could enter the Guan and destroy Qin; if not, the vassal army captured us and returned to Kanto. The Qin court would surely kill all of our parents, wives and children "The vassal generals secretly interviewed Qin Jun officers and soldiers and reported Xiang Yu. Xiang Yu convened Qianbu and General Pu to discuss: "The number of Qin army officers and soldiers is still very large, and they are still not convinced. If they do not follow the command in Guanzhong, things will be dangerous. It is better to kill them and bring only Zhang Han and Chang Shi Sima. , Du Wei Dong Yan entered the Qin Dynasty. "So Chu Jun buried the killing pit of more than 200,000 Qin Army in the south of Xin'an City at night.
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