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How did Zhuge Liang “borrow” Dongfeng during the Battle of Chibi?
Fun history2017-06-19 10:04:34

" In The Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Zhuge Liang borrowed Dongfeng's story to shape Zhuge Liang's ingenuity perfectly. This story is still widely circulated today and is widely known to all. With the development of modern science and technology, many people have expressed doubts about Zhuge Liang borrowing Dongfeng. Can the wind really "borrow"? How did Zhuge Liang "borrow" Dongfeng? In the 13th year of Jian'an (208 years), Cao Cao led the army Southquan Sun Quan . In October, Cao Cao set up troops on the north bank of the Yangtze River and accepted the serial plan contributed by Pang Tong . Cao Cao linked the warships with iron chains.

Sun Liu Lianjun, who is located on the south bank of the Yangtze River, is still inadequate despite the Yangtze River ’s natural dangers. The best way is to carry out a fire attack on Cao Cao. However, at the time of the middle of the winter, only the northwest wind, and Sun Liu Lianjun in the headwind position would only burn his own warship if he attacked with fire.

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" Everything is ready, only due to the east wind " also made Zhou Yu start to worry. At this time, Zhuge Liang proposed: "Although Liang was not a talented person, he once met a stranger. He taught the Eight Door Armor Heavenly Books, and he could call the wind and the rain ." When Zhuge Liang and Zhou Yu agreed to borrow Dongfeng on the day of November 20th, it was sure that Dongfeng would rise at the appointed time. Kong Ming used the plan to veteran Huang Gai to surrender, burning Chibi and defeating Cao Jun. This is the description of Kong Ming's borrowing of Dongfeng in The Romance of the Three Kingdoms . So how to solve the mystery of borrowing wind?

Studies have proven that the so-called borrowing of the east wind is actually just Zhuge Liang's flexible use of astronomical weather. First of all, why did Zhuge Liang choose the day of November 20 to borrow the wind? The ancient Chinese study of meteorology is also quite in-depth, and there have always been records of "a summer solstice and a winter solstice".

November 20th is the day of the winter solstice. According to this rule, before the winter solstice, if the yin is strong and it shows the northwest wind along the Yangtze River, then after the winter solstice, the yang will grow and the wind direction will change, showing the southeast wind. Kong Ming knew the climate change law of "Yangsheng in the winter solstice" and accurately grasped the time when the east wind blows.

Zhuge Liang knows the truth, and Cao Cao certainly understands it. "The winter solstice is sun-drenched, and when it comes again, there is no southeast wind? Why is it strange!" However, Cao Cao ignored a question: "On the middle of the winter, there is a westerly north wind." The judgment of the situation, but forgot to consider the particularity of the winter solstice.

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The climate of the winter solstice and the time before will produce significant changes. Obviously, Zhuge Liang took this issue into account, which is also his cleverness.

In addition, Kong Ming's family lived not far from Chibi and knew the local situation well . Therefore, he can accurately predict the weather changes on this day. The southeast wind is the conclusion reached by the combination of his theory and practice.

So, what is the intention of Zhuge Liang to send troops to the altar? After the battle of Chibi broke Cao Jun, Liu Bei sent Zhuge Liang and Sun Quan to compete for Jingzhou. Zhuge Liang put forward: "If I did not borrow southeast wind, Zhou Lang'an could do half the trick?"

This also explains the purpose of Zhuge Liang's mystery, Kong Ming is to be greedy for the sky, using Dongfeng as an excuse to obtain Jingzhou in the future.

Zhuge Liang's other purpose is to get rid of Zhou Yu's control through the opportunity of casting spells in the altar, quickly return to his army, dispatch troops, and compete with Zhou Yu for Cao Cao's lost land.

Forty-fifth time in "The Romance of the Three Kingdoms", when Kong Ming first dispatched troops with Zhou Yu, he told Liu Bei: "But if you look at the southeast wind, Liang will return." That is, let Liu Bei send Zhao Yun on November 20th. The boat was waiting for him at the agreed place, so when Zhou Yu sent troops to catch Zhuge Liang, Zhuge Liang had returned to Liu Ying.

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There are also some opinions that Zhuge Liang used Qimen's armour by borrowing Dongfeng. Qimen Panjia is an ancient way of lineup, with strong orientation theory and aggressiveness.

Qi Men's Armor Technique incorporates a large amount of knowledge from Zhouyi, astronomy, geography, calendar, military, meteorology, politics, and economy, etc., and it is a brilliant prediction technique.

Zhuge Liang has mastered this advanced forecasting technique, predicting the weather conditions that are bound to blow southeast winds from November 21. Therefore, the main reason Zhuge Liang borrowed Dongfeng was his in-depth study of astronomy and meteorology.

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