In the Warring States period when the Zhou Dynasty was about to end, a war that was considered to be the turning point of the situation at that time-the battle of Changping . This war was also the largest of the many wars and the worst casualties. After the war, no one could stop the footsteps of the Qin unified nations.
Battle of Changping
In 262 BC, the Qin army fell to South Korea, and Shangdang County lost contact with South Korea. Jun Shou Feng Ting was reluctant to obey Han's order and dedicated his Shangdang County to Qin Guo. He sent a messenger to Zhao Guo, showing his willingness to dedicate the city of Shangdang County to Zhao Guo. Wang Zhao agreed that this was a great benefit.
Zhao's move caused Qin's dissatisfaction, and King Qin decided to send troops to defeat Zhao. In 260 BC, the Qin Army captured the Communist Party and went on to attack Changping. In several battles that followed, Zhao Jun lost. Two important strongholds were occupied by the Qin Army. Captains were also captured. Wang Zhao was dissatisfied with Lian Po.
Since then, Lian Po cannot rely on favorable terrain. In fact, this seems to be a negative way of confrontation, but the veteran has his own intentions. The Qin Jun came on an expedition, and only with a quick strike would the chance of success be great. Once the protracted time is long, it will often lead to low morale and frustration, which will greatly benefit Zhao Jun. In addition, Qin Jun also faces problems such as unfavorable geographical location, climate, crops, and soldier injuries. In order to gain victory as soon as possible, Qin Guo sent people into Zhao Guo to carry out countermeasures, which caused King Zhao to replace Lianpo and replace Zhao Kuo as Zhao Jun's general. After Zhao Kuo took office, he changed Lianpo's combat plan and took the initiative to launch an attack on the Qin army.
In the end, Zhao Jun led by Zhao Ku was defeated by General Qin Guobai. During this war, Zhao Guo soldiers lost about 450,000 people, and most of Qin Jun suffered casualties. This is the allusion of the "Changping Battle".
Battle of Changping
Everyone knows that a "Changping Battle" broke out during the Warring States Period, which had almost a decisive effect on the situation in the world. The belligerents of this war were Qin Guo and Zhao Guo. Qin Guo's national strength had become increasingly strong, and Zhao Guo had not been hit hard at the time, and was not much weaker than Qin Guo. Therefore, under the circumstances where the strengths of the two warring parties were not very different, the battle of Changping became the largest siege of the annihilation at the time and the worst.
Battle of Changping
After Qin Guo's " Shangyang Reform", the country's economy has undergone more comprehensive reforms. Coupled with subsequent management, it has gradually become a strong country and a wealthy country. Therefore, Qin's economic strength in the Changping War was still very strong, and the preparations for the materials required for the war were also sufficient. In contrast, Zhao Guo, "thin people" was the status quo in Zhao Guo at that time. Although it had also undergone reforms, its intensity and depth were clearly inferior to Qin's " Shangyang Reform ." Zhao's reforms were also limited to military aspects, relatively weak economically, and agricultural development was lagging behind. Therefore, Zhao's war reserve was not suitable for long-term large-scale wars.
Looking at the military strength of the two warring parties, the troops invested by Qin and Zhao are huge. Zhao is about 450,000 and Qin is about 600,000. Qin Jun is fierce and civil, and his horses are excellent. He has the title of "Tiger and Wolf Division". Zhao Jun focused on crossbow cavalry, which was well trained and experienced. Therefore, there is not much difference in the value of force between the two parties.
In the battle of Changping, the armies of Qin and Zhao of the warring parties were close to one million, and they invested a lot of human, material and financial resources. Therefore, many people think that this is a comprehensive national strength contest between the two sides. However, judging from the preparations and the final results, Zhao Guo's strength is still slightly inferior to Qin Guo.
How many people were buried alive in the battle of Changping
Today, the site of the Changping Battle in Gaoping, Shanxi, has an astonishing landscape, the pit of the corpse. In the battle of Changping, the surrendered Zhao Guo soldiers were ordered to be killed by General Qin Jun Bai, and the corpse pit in the ruins was where the kill was. So, how many people were killed in that war? Are they really buried alive?
Battle of Changping Corpse
In the battle of Changping, the number of soldiers Zhao Jun was finally ordered to kill by Bai Qi is actually controversial. Some scholars believe that the number should be less than 400,000. However, the " Historical Records " also mentioned that the war ended with "more than forty million dead." Nowadays, Zhao Jun dispatches about 450,000 troops, about 50,000 war dead, and more than 400,000 people were killed. This is a traditional saying generally accepted by the world.
Killing, in the eyes of most people, may think that it means buried alive, but in fact this is incorrect. Killing is the act of stacking up dead bodies after killing the enemy. The word is more condemning and killing innocent people. Of course, Bai Qi has also been scolded by many people for this matter.
In addition, there is evidence that the claim of burial is not valid. In the corpse pit of the Changping Battle Site, the unearthed bones had traces of slashes and arrows, and the bones had only a torso but no skull, which could indicate that Zhao Guojiang was buried after being killed.
In the end, 400,000 people are not a small number. It is not easy for Bai Qi to bury so many people alive. Therefore, it is basically true that Zhao Guo's soldiers in the Changping battle were not buried alive and killed, but buried after being killed. But for the 400,000 people killed, further research is needed.
The meaning of the battle of Changping
The famous Changping battle in the Warring States Period is undoubtedly huge in terms of its scale, the number of casualties, and its impact. Then, what kind of historical and practical significance does such a war have for the time and for the future?
Battle of Changping
The historical significance of the Changping Battle is huge, and it has promoted the process of unifying the six kingdoms by the Qin Dynasty. Before the outbreak of the war, the other belligerent, Zhao Guo, had the power to confront Qin. But in the end, these forces disappeared in the battle of Changping, weakened and weakened, which greatly reduced the strength of Zhao Guo. Looking at other countries, after the battle of Changping, they can stand alone with Qin, and they will never be found. This created extremely favorable conditions for Qin's reunification of China in the future, and thus led a new chapter in Chinese history, towards a unified dynasty with centralized power.
The practical significance of the battle of Changping is left to the world. The generals participating in this war include Bai Qi and Lian Po from the four great warriors of the Warring States Period, as well as Zhao Kuo, the protagonist of " talking on paper ." The combat experience in the war, the use of various tactics and strategies, and the failures and successes in it all provide a good experience for future generations, which is worth learning from.
Of course, the battle of Changping superficially brought down Zhao Guo, but in fact it also sounded the death knell for the rest of the vassal states. It took about three years before and after the Changping War. All countries either came out of fear of Qin Kingdom or thought of preserving strength. In short, for their own interests, they did not reach out to Zhao Guo. Zhao Guo, who was able to fight against Qin Kingdom, was defeated. No one can surpass Qin Guo's national strength, and the road to the demise of the Six Kingdoms is getting closer.
The battle of Changping has made a strong mark in history, and its significance is also worth remembering.
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