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Why is the victory of these wars in the Three Kingdoms period related to it?
Fun history2017-08-15 16:25:17

In ancient Chinese history, a battle often became an important node in the historical process . For example, the Changping battle in the Warring States Period completely laid the foundation for Qin's unification of the world. In the Eastern Jin Dynasty, the battle of Yuanshui helped the Eastern Jin Dynasty to advance the boundary line to the Yellow River, and in the following decades, there was no foreign aggression in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Today, during the Three Kingdoms period, the three major wars that affected history were the Battle of Guandu, the Battle of Chibi, and the Battle of Yiling . It is worth noting that the winning side of these three battles actually used the fire attack.

Battle of Guandu

In 196 AD, Cao Cao's strength and prestige increased greatly after he ordered the princes. After successively defeating Lu Bu , Yuan Shu and other forces, the conflict between Cao Cao and Yuan Shao was inevitable. On the other side, Yuan Shao annexed Gongsun 's territory in 199 AD, and his strength increased greatly. As a result, the two warlords of the late Eastern Han Dynasty were determined to start a war in the North Central Plains.

官渡之战

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In the battle of Guandu, Yuan Shao had a strength of about 100,000, while Cao Cao had less than 30,000. Although Cao Cao successfully defeated Yuan Shao Yanliang and Wen Chou, two generals, using Yuan You 's strategy, Yuan Shao's overall strength is still huge. During the stalemate between officials and officials, Cao Cao once fell into an unsustainable position . However, at a critical moment, Xu You , a counselor of the Yuan Shao Group, turned to Cao Cao and offered a surprise attack on Wu Chao. In this way, Cao Cao burned Yuan Shao's hoard of grain with a fire, which reversed the situation of the two armed forces. In the end, Cao Cao won the battle of Guandu, and Yuan Shao, who was severely injured, died shortly after. Cao Cao's momentum of unifying the North Central Plains could no longer be stopped.

官渡之战

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Battle of Chibi

Cao Cao initially unified the northern Central Plains and immediately turned his muzzle south. At this time, Liu Zhou, the prince of Jingzhou, died of illness, and the entire Jingzhou immediately fell to the arms of Cao Cao. After commanding a tiger and a leopard to chase his enemies Liu Bei , while occupying Jiangling, Cao Cao “obtained a long look at Shu”, and wanted to surrender Sun Quan of the incidental incident.

However, with the mediation of Zhuge Liang , Lu Su, and others, Sun Quan resolved to fight Cao Cao with Liu Bei. In this way, across the Yangtze River, the two major forces of North and South formed a confrontation. Because the soldiers in the north were not used to water battles, Cao Cao connected the warships with iron cables in an attempt to overcome them. What was not expected was that Huang Gai burned Cao Jun's warship in the name of surrender, causing Cao Cao to fail, and most of the soldiers and soldiers were injured during the defeat. After that, Cao Cao led the army back to Xuchang , and the defenders in Jingzhou and other places were defeated by Sun Quan and Liu Bei. After this battle, the situation of the Three Kingdoms was established.

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Battle of Yiling

After Guan Yu lost Jingzhou and killed Zhang Fei 's traitors, he went to Soochow Sun Quan. Emperor Shu Bei of the Han Dynasty killed about 50,000 with an army of about 50,000. On the one hand, he avenged Guan Yu and Zhang Fei's two brothers. Take back the land of Jingzhou. At the beginning, Liu Bei's army was in a strong momentum, and they successively captured the Xiakou and Zigui of Dongwu.

Sun Quan was beaten with no temper, but Liu Bei did not agree, he could only worship Lu Xun as the governor and led the army to Yiling to fight against Liu Bei. In this war, Lu Xun, as a first-class military strategist of the Three Kingdoms period, first exhausted the spirit of the Shu Han soldiers, and then used a fire attack to break through the big camp of the Shu Army, killing Liu Bei and retreating to Baidi City. After undergoing the battle of Yiling, the Shu Han not only suffered great national injury, Liu Bei died, but also fell into a strategic passive situation, indicating that it was difficult for Zhuge Liang to change the fate of Shu Han's death.

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