Demystified: Why is the talented Ji Xiaolan the official “tumbler” on the officialdom?

But no matter what, Ji Xiaolan became an official and died. In Qianjia period of academic prosperity, this choice was also intriguing. "Floating and sinking in the sea like a gull bird, the book of life and death like a catfish", this is Ji Xiaolan's self-made couplet, and also a true portrayal of his life experience.

"But the king's world, and won the name of his predecessor." This sentence Xin Qiji said the heroic dream of the traditional heart: help the king to rule the world, leaving the beautiful name to pass on from generation to generation. By the middle of the Qing Dynasty , the situation had changed—the Emperor Qianlong wanted to unify the world ’s ideology and culture, so the battlefield of the battlefield was transformed into cultural cleanup. As the situation progressed, Ji Xiaolan shouldered the responsibility of history and became the "Summary of the Four Books" (hereinafter referred to as "Summary of the Book" "Complete Book of Four Treasuries" "). Earlier, this famous scholar has commented on many academic classics and famous poems, and also wrote the household-known "Notes on Reading in the Thatched Cottage," but these are not comparable to the "Siku Quanshu". The Book of Four Treasures became the greatest glory of Ji Xiaolan's life. Behind this glory is the life path of a scholar-like official.


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In 1724, Ji Xiaolan was born in Cuizhuang, Xian County (now Hebei Cang County). His birth was accompanied by a variety of magical sayings: Grandfather Ji Tianshen dreamed of a firelight flashing into the building, and then Ji Xiaolan was born; others said that Ji Xiaolan was the reincarnation of fire: Xianxian has the practice of driving out fire essence since the fifth generation, according to legend, fire Fine female, naked in the fire. The day before Ji Xiaolan's birth, the flame was found again. People beat the copper to drive away. The flame flashed into Ji's house. At this time, Ji Xiaolan was born. He had punctures on his earlobes, and his feet were white and pointed. In addition to the rebirth of fire essence, there are also legends of python and monkey essence reborn: there is a large python near Ji's house. After Ji Xiaolan was born, the python disappeared; Ji Xiaolan liked to eat hazelnut pear dates from an early age. It's hilarious, and can't sit still for a while without any problems. This affiliate was also contacted with Ji Xiaolan's name. His name was Ji Ji , the words "Xiao Lan", and "昀" means daylight, and the name of it is related to the light monster.

In legends of wild history, the birth of celebrities is often accompanied by visions, but it is rare to have magical performances after being born like Ji Xiaolan: when two or three years old, several people wearing colorful clothes and wearing gold cymbals Mud dolls played with him and called his brother affectionately; when he was four or five years old, Ji Xiaolan looked like a torch, and there was no obstacle to seeing things in a dark place. After seven or eight years old, his vision gradually became like ordinary people; At the age of 31, the examiner asked the hexagram before testing the word "ink": the "black" part was the fourth place in the second place, and the following four points were the characters "庶" and "Ji", indicating that he entered Hanlin. The court was a prince, and it turned out to be like this; when he was in the school of Fujian in the year of no confusion, two red men appeared on the treetop of Tang Bai in the academy at night, gradually dying to him, gradually disappearing-these many wonders are not The rumors in the field, which Ji Xiaolan himself said, can be found in his "Reading of Thatched Cottage Notes". Not only Ji Xiaolan is like this, according to him, some of his relatives and friends also have bizarre experiences. If you put together all the bizarre encounters in Ji Xiaolan and his family and friends in the "Reading of the Weed Thatched Cottage Notes", it can probably be compiled into a Qing Dynasty adventure.

The reader must be wondering what Ji Xiaolan with various legendary experiences looks like. According to the description of the Qing Dynasty, he was "beautiful" and "short-sighted", that is to say, he is not only ugly, but also short-sighted. He doesn't seem to be tall. However, Ji Xiaolan was agile by nature and liked to ridicule. The classmates who studied together when he was a child, and officials from the same dynasty when he grew up, were not ridiculed by him. His spoofs are often related to words, but unexpected but reasonable. Once, a young Ji Xiaolan kicked a sepak takraw with a few kids next door, just kicking the passing Zhijia sedan. The prefecture picked up the Sepak Takraw, and the children sent Ji Xiaolan to ask for it. Seeing his superiority, the prefecture gave him a couplet: "Six or seven boys, alone and sly." Ji Xiaolan said, "Tai Shou Er Qian Shi, Wei Gong ... If you return the ball to me, it is 'Wei Gonglian' '; Or else it's' only greedy'. "Zhifu sighed for his cleverness, so he returned the ball to him.

When he grew up, Ji Xiaolan was even more alert to words. One summer, many new fans were added to the palace. Emperor Qianlong ordered Ji Xiaolan to write an inscription for his favorite fan. He chose the seven poems "Liangzhou Ci" of Tang Dynasty poet Wang Zhixuan . The original text of the poem is: "The Yellow River is far above the white clouds, a lonely city is a lonely mountain; why should the flute complain about the willows, and the spring breeze does not pass through the Yumen Pass." In the inscription, Ji Xiaolan accidentally put the "yellow river far above the white clouds" between "The word is missing. After the Emperor Qianlong read it, he was very unhappy to throw the fan back to Ji Xiaolan, saying that he was guilty of deceiving the monarch! Ji Xiaolan knew at a glance that he had missed a word. He didn't panic and said slowly: " Qi Holy, this is not a poem, but a word for Weichen to recite to the Holy: the Yellow River is far away, the white clouds are lonely, and the lonely city is a mountain of loneliness. The flute should not complain, willows, spring breeze, and not Yumen Pass. " A broken sentence, a "Liangzhou Ci" turned out to be a poem. Emperor Qianlong laughed and praised Ji Xiaolan for his cleverness.


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Ji Xiaolan is also a true temperament person, easy to get angry and irritable, like to hear hearsay , tell his bizarre experience everywhere, and even took off his shoes and socks to the curious person repeatedly, showing his sharp feet like feet. His daily life is also very different from ordinary people: he does n’t eat rice noodles, his diet is based on meat, a meal of two or three pounds; although he likes meat, he never eats duck meat. He always feels that the duck meat is filthy and difficult to swallow. Eating by mistake, immediately vomiting; smoke well, use a large smoke pot, known as "Ji Da Guo".

Ji Xiaolan is indeed an interesting person, and strange stories about him have spread widely since the Qianlong period. People admired and loved his wit, and interpreted it with jealousy in the circulation, even from nothing , and attached irrelevant things, such as incompatible water and fire, to him. In fact, Ji Xiaolan in history has never teased her, but instead discouraged her when she tried to impeach him and her friend Cao Xibao. The reason why Ji Xiaolan was portrayed as an ideal person in the film and television drama is not afraid of authority, but only embodies the folk imagination of its humor, integrity, wit and talent. As a legend, Ji Xiaolan's humorous wit obscured his true disposition; as an official, his flying yellow Tengda covered his ups and downs.

Ji Xiaolan, like everyone else, entered the career path through scientific research. Compared to Pu Songling , who has not been tested repeatedly, Ji Xiaolan is much luckier: at the age of 17, he took the boy test and became a talent; at the age of 24, he participated in the township test, ranking first; at the age of 31, he was a senior junior high school student, a second-rank second-ranking test, and a scholar Born and selected as the Judge of Hanlin Academy, he began his long career as a waiter of literature. One of Ji Xiaolan's main tasks during his stay at Hanlin Academy was to obey his companions and write verses. Emperor Qianlong was also a poet who wrote a lot of poems, so Ji Xiaolan wrote a lot of compliments, singing and harmony. This kind of poetry is often smooth and stable, mainly based on chanting merits and virtues. It does not seem to mean much now, but at the time it was unusual for Ji Xiaolan. They won the favor of Emperor Qianlong for Ji Xiaolan and received the "Tianyu Award", and the appreciation of Emperor Qianlong had a decisive influence on Ji Xiaolan's life.

From entering the Hanlin Academy in 1756 to being promoted to be a bachelor's degree in 1768, Ji Xiaolan spent a smooth and peaceful time. Because of Emperor Qianlong's appreciation, he was able to rise step by step: In 1763, the government was appointed to study in Fujian, and was promoted to study; In 1768, he should have been out of office as a rule, and was prepared to supplement the prefecture of Duyun Prefecture, Guizhou. He believed that serving as a local official could not do his best. He would add four ranks to the left, left Zuo Chunfang and Zuo Zizi, and promoted to be a bachelor's degree in Hanlin Academy. This extraordinary promotion was very glorious at the time. However, in the year when Ji Xiaolan was so proud and full of ambitions, his life had a dramatic reversal, and he was convicted and fell into disappointment. The favored princes in the past and the prisoners under the order today were assigned to Urumqi.


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Lu Jianzeng's case led to a major turning point in Ji Xiaolan's life. In 1768, the newly appointed Lianghuai Salt Government Yuba Shi failed to solicit bribes from the salt merchants. The above-mentioned memorial unveiled the previous Salt Government Pufu, saying that during his tenure, he had engaged in fraud and embezzlement of public funds. This caused the Qianlong emperor's anger and ordered the execution. check. Due to salt erosion by successive salt administrations, Lu Jianzeng, a long-retired Lianghuai Yanyun Shi, was also arrested and imprisoned. The Emperor Qianlong ordered that "they be seized tightly without any concealment." However, when searching the Lu family, he found nothing valuable in the family. The Emperor Qianlong was very angry, thinking that someone had ventilated the letter and caused the Lu family to transfer the property. Later, it was ascertained that Ji Xiaolan was the person who ventilated the letter. What is the relationship between Ji Xiaolan and Lu Jianzeng? Ji Xiaolan has 3 sons and 3 daughters. The eldest daughter is married to Lu Yinwen, whose grandfather is Lu Jianzeng. At that time, Ji Xiaolan had been promoted to serve as a bachelor's degree, and was able to enter and leave the palace. After hearing a hint of wind, he told his son-in-law Lu Yinwen that the court was investigating the Lianghuai salt service. Lu Yinwen then met the very dense Langzhong Wang Xi , who told him that the accumulated disadvantages of Yanyin over the years had been exposed, so he quickly sent the letter home. The result was naturally tragic. Ji Xiaolan and Wang Xun were convicted for leaking secrets, and the main culprit Lu Jianzeng died in prison.

Ji Xiaolan's experience can't find any trace in the history books, but the folk version is lively and interesting: Ji Xiaolan is worried about his in-laws and worrying about trouble, so he sealed the salt and tea with a blank envelope and sent him to Lu's house overnight. Lu Jianzeng was puzzled at first, and then hesitated again and again to realize the secret: the salt case investigation (tea) seal, so he immediately transferred the assets. The people also circulated Ji Xiaolan's wonderful response to the Qianlong emperor's interrogation: "The emperor is stricter than law enforcement, and is in line with the rule of heaven; the courtiers have private feelings and follow the bad habits of human relations." The Qianlong emperor heard the words and laughed. Although the drama is wonderful, Ji Xiaolan's life has indeed undergone a major change. He was derogated from Urumqi for about two and a half years. Because of his outstanding literary talents, he mainly worked as a copywriter in the institute and was relatively free of movement. He did not suffer much because of the customs and customs of the Western Regions. . In 1770, at the age of 47, Ji Xiaolan was given back by the Emperor Qianlong, and in June of the following year he made a long journey back to Beijing and entered Hanlin again.

He first entered Hanlin as a new scholar, and then entered Hanlin to pardon criminals. At that time, the young man who had scolded Fang Yan had deeply realized the impermanence of the world and the difficult life, and lost his mentality. "The joy of life is lost, and a thousand miles go with it", this is a regret for the joy of life in the past; "the young man has been sorrowful, and the wounded bird would rather fly high", which is the unpredictable fear; "No I blame me for being fierce, and ridiculing me to banquet and entertain Linquan. Although the tacit intentions of the flowers are tacit, I still have to wait for the clothes to remain untouched. "This is the contradiction between the birth and the accession to the world; This is the choice of Shi Jin to decide afterwards. These verses are all from Ji Xiaolan's "Silent Sitting Figure" written after he returned from Urumqi to Beijing, which truly reflects his mentality at that time.

Despite the setbacks, Ji Xiaolan went back to his career again and again. In October of the same year when he returned to Beijing, Ji Xiaolan welcomed Miyun, just as Turk's special department surrendered, Long Yan Dayue, Ji Xiaolan made an article contribution, won the Qianlong Emperor's Award, and re-authorized the Hanlin Academy. In 1773, the imperial court opened the Sikuquan Library, and Ji Xiaolan was recommended by the scholar Liu Tongxun from the university. He was appointed by the Emperor Qianlong as the general editor of the Sikuquan Library. This year, Ji Xiaolan was just 50 years old. For him, the compilation of the Siku Quanshu was the most important thing in his life, and it took 10 years of work. Due to the successful compilation of the "Siku Quanshu" and the compilation of the general title, Ji Xiaolan has since been promoted: he was promoted to a cabinet bachelor; the minister of the Ministry of War; In February 1805, Ji Xiaolan died, and at that time he had been promoted to associate university bachelor for 18 days.

In his later years, although Ji Xiaolan was a high official, in the eyes of the Emperor Qianlong, he was always a literary aide, and he was similar in character. In 1785, Yuan Wailang Haisheng assaulted his wife, and Ji Xiaolan, Zuo Du Yu Shi participated in the trial, and was condemned by the Emperor Qianlong as "useless corrupt Confucianism". In 1786, Yu Shi Cao Xibao was impeached and his family slave Liu Quan was swaggering. The matter had nothing to do with Ji Xiaolan, and the Emperor Qianlong clearly doubted Ji Xiaolan in the Shang. He was dissatisfied with He and secretly instigated. Although this incident did not involve Ji Xiaolan, Ji Xiaolan's inner panic was conceivable, so his words and deeds became more and more Fayin tolerate obedience, and just sitting alone writing incense. As for the emperor Qianlong's death, the emperor Jiaqing was appointed as emperor, and he treated Ji Xiaolan as a veteran. He was polite and did not have a substantial appointment, otherwise he would not be given the title of a bachelor until he was about to die.

But no matter what, Ji Xiaolan became an official and died. In Qianjia period of academic prosperity, this choice was also intriguing. Yuan Mei, a great poet and thinker of the same period, was 8 years old, Ji Xiaolan was a teenager and became famous. He was a high school jinshi and was selected as a prince of Hanlin Academy, but he didn't stay. Instead, he went to Zhixian County. Park, sentimental landscape; in the same year, Jin Daqin, Qian Daxin, and Ji Xiaolan, known as "Southern Qianbei", also resigned in the heyday, committed to academics; Zhang Xuecheng, who had a high achievement in history in the same period, was admitted to Jinshi, After exposing officials, he chose not to go ... In contrast to these scholars, Ji Xiaolan as a scholar is secular, and Ji Xiaolan as an official is lonely and helpless. Ji Xiaolan combines officials, scholars, writers, and other identities. From the perspective of value, he is a scholar at first, leaving the "Siku Quanshu", which has an irreplaceable role in academic history. "Floating and sinking in the sea like a gull bird, the book of life and death like a catfish", this is Ji Xiaolan's self-made couplet, and also a true portrayal of his life experience.

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