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Alfonso VI

Alfonso VI (1040 ~ 1109)

Profile of Alfonso VI

Real name: Alfonso VI

Another name: the brave

Birth time: 1040

Died: 1109

Major achievements: Conquer Toledo, conquer Valencia and Almeria

Sex: Male

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Alfonso VI -King of Castile Kingdom

Fernand I was the second son. In 1065, after Fernand I died, he was left with the kingdom of Leon and the Muslim kingdom of Toledo, and his brother Sancho II was castil. Contributions of the Kingdom and the Muslim Kingdom of Zaragoza. In contrast, Sancho was coveted by the richness of his legacy, so the war broke out between the two brothers, and Alfonso was defeated in both battles.

Basic Information

Alfonso VI (1040.-1109), King Leon (1065-1070), King of Castile Kingdom (1072-1109). Called the "brave".

Character Relationships

Fernand I was the second son. In 1065, after Fernand I died, he was left with the kingdom of Leon and the Muslim kingdom of Toledo, and his brother Sancho II was castil. Contributions of the Kingdom and the Muslim Kingdom of Zaragoza. In contrast, Sancho was coveted by the richness of his legacy, so the war broke out between the two brothers, and Alfonso's two battles were defeated: in the whole tower battle in 1066, he barely lost the throne, in 1072 was his brother Sancho II defeated and captured, lost Leon's throne, and was exiled to the Toledo Muslim court. After Sancho's death, Alfonso reset and took Castia's throne. Alfonso soon gained Galicia and forced the surrender of King Navarre Sancho V. In 1077, Alfonso VI crowned the "Iberian Emperor ".

Alfonso VI actively participated in the campaign to recover the lost ground. He led his army twice to invade Seville and captured some cities. He demanded tribute from other Muslim vassals as a price to protect them from aggression. In fact, he wanted to use this method to weaken the strength of the Muslim country in order to annex them in the future. As a result, a large amount of Muslim wealth flowed into Christian countries, and Alfonso was used to fight and donate to the church. As a result, small Muslim nations have to increase the burden on their people and cause constant uprisings.

On May 25, 1085, Alfonso VI incorporated Toledo, one of the most important cities in the Islamic region of Spain, into his territory. Promoting Christian power to the Tagus River in the middle of the peninsula, Alfonso moved to Toledo. Preparing to continue south to reunify the peninsula, Alfonso VI's victory in south-central Spain allowed him to conquer vast areas of Valencia and Almeria, and besieged Zaragoza. Facing the pressure of the Christian country south, the Abade dynasty in the Muslim country of Seville had to ask the North African Moors to reinforce. In 1086, Yusuf Ibn Tashfin of North Africa landed in Spain and defeated the Battle of Saraca. Alfonso VI reunited the Muslim country of Iberia and established the Murabite dynasty. Alfonso VI's efforts to unify Spain suffered major setbacks. He was forced to abandon Valencia, but was still able to save other conquered areas. At this time, Alfonso and the Spanish national hero Rodrigo Dias de Biar (Cid) reconciled . It turned out that Alfonso VI alienated him because Cid always supported his brother Sancho II. At this time he was asked to lead the army of Castile again, so Alfonso VI occupied an important place in the epic "Song of Cid".

However, in 1108, Al Moravi's army defeated Alfonso VI again and killed his only son and heir, Sancho. Because Alfonso III was stubborn and unyielding in the face of the Moors, he was considered by later generations to be an important figure who affected the national identity of Spain. Alfonso VI married Constance, daughter of Robert I, Duke of Burgundy. This was the first time that the Spanish royal family had married a princess outside the peninsula, indicating that at this time Castilla had become one of the European powers. He married his daughter Uraca to King Alfonso I of Aragon in order to continue the fight against the Moors, even though Castilla fell into the hands of the Kingdom of Aragon .

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