Chinese name: 姜齐贤
Alias: Word Bamboo Forest
Place of birth: Shentong Town, Xiangxiang County, Hunan Province
Date of Birth: March 3, 1905
Died: June 3, 1976
Graduated from Xiangya Medical College
Jiang Qixian (1905-1976), the word Bamboo Forest, was born in Shentong Town (now Loudi City), Xiangxiang County, Hunan Province. In the summer of 1925, Jiang Qixian graduated from the nursing class of Xiangya Medical College. At that time, the Xiang Army in Baoqing (now Shaoyang City) sent staff to Changsha to recruit medical staff. After obtaining the consent of his parents, he joined the Xiang Army and was assigned to The 1st Battalion of the Twelfth Regiment of the Third Division served as a medic. Later, he resolutely joined the National Revolutionary Army and was assigned to the Second Regiment of a certain army as a medic. He later served as the Lieutenant Colonel of the Ninth Division. After being captured in Jiangxi in 1931, he joined the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army . After a long march of 25,000 miles, he has successively served as the Minister of Health of the Red Army Corps, the Ministry of Health of the Central Military Commission, and the General Minister of Health of the Eighth Route Army . He has contributed to the medical and health undertakings of the People's Liberation Army and the construction of veterinary agricultural and pastoral areas. In September 1955, Jiang Qixian was awarded the rank of major general, and was awarded the second-class Bayi Medal, the first-class Independent Freedom Medal, and the first-class Medal of Liberation. Founded publications such as "Health Construction" and "Health Work Guide".
On January 28, 1905, Jiang Qixian was born in a small merchant family in Loudi Town, Xiangxiang County.
In 1922, he was admitted to Changsha Guangya Middle School. In 1923 he was transferred to Xiangya Hospital to study as a nurse, and soon entered Xiangya Medical College to study.
After graduating from the Nursing School of Hunan Xiangya Hospital in 1925, he served as a military doctor in the 1st Battalion of the 12th Regiment of the Third Division of the Xiang Army.
In 1926, he joined the Second Division of the First Division of the National Revolutionary Army as a medic and participated in the Northern Expedition . After the failure of the First Revolution, he was still a medical officer in the 9th Division of the Kuomintang Army.
In 1931, he served as director of the military medical division of the Ninth Division Military Medical Division. In September of the same year, he was captured in a battle in the old camp in Jiangxi and joined the Red Army of Chinese workers and peasants. He successively served as the Medical Director of the 7th Division of the Red Army, the Chief of the Military Medical Division, the Deputy Minister of Health of the Red Army,
Minister, Red Minister of the Ministry of Health, Deputy Minister and Minister of the General Military Commission of the Central Military Commission. He summarized the actual situation in the Soviet area, revised the Health Regulations, established and improved health institutions at all levels, set up pharmaceutical factories, expanded the Red Army Health School, and trained medical and health personnel to improve the medical condition of the Red Army.
In December 1935, Jiang Qixian joined the Communist Party of China.
In the early days of the War of Resistance Against Japan , he served as the Minister of General Health of the Eighth Route Army. The former General Ministry of Health entered Wutai County, Shanxi Province, and actively carried out field rescue and training of local health personnel. He presided over the formulation of the "Temporary Work Regulations of the Health Department" and "Temporary Health Regulations", systematically summarized the fine traditions and style of health work of the People's Army, and played a positive role in promoting the institutionalization and standardization of health work in the entire army.
In July 1938, in order to celebrate his mother's 70th birthday and to commend him for his superb medical skills, Mao Zedong personally wrote "The Virtuous Mother of the State", and asked him to donate it to his mother.
In May 1939, he wrote the article "Implementation of Field Health Service in the Protracted Anti-Japanese War ", which was published in the "Military Politics of the Eighth Route Army". In the winter of the same year, he went to Yan'an University for further studies.
In February 1941, he was appointed Minister of Health of the Eighth Route Army.
In April 1942, he was appointed Minister of Health and Political Commissar of the Jinchaji Military Region. He advocated the establishment of the Medical Steering Committee of the Jinchaji Military Region, founded the "Health Construction" magazine, and served as editor-in-chief, which played an important role in exchanging medical work experience and improving the quality of health personnel in the region. He sent a large number of working health personnel to Bethune Health School for training, and prepared a large number of trained medical staff for the anti-Japanese counterattack.
After the Japanese surrender , he organized the reception of the puppet army 's health institutions, equipment, and medicines, and at the same time actively treated the wounded and carried out surprise treatment.
In 1947, he served as Minister of Health and Political Commissar of the North China Military Region and founded the Health Work Guide.
In the early days of the founding of the People's Republic of China, he successively served as the Deputy Minister and Minister of Health of the Central Military Commission, the Deputy Principal of the Senior Logistics School of the Military Commission, and the Dean of the Logistics School.
In 1954, he took the initiative to serve as the director and political commissar of the Veterinary Bureau of the General Logistics Department of the Chinese People's Liberation Army and founded the "Veterinary Work Newsletter". At that time, the veterinarian's work status was low, and there were many difficulties and work was difficult to carry out. In more than two years, he completely changed the face of the Veterinary Bureau, and created a new situation in the army's veterinary work.
In 1955, he was awarded the rank of major general. In 1956, he served as Deputy Minister of the State Ministry of Land Reclamation, expedition to the northwest, and made every effort for China's land reclamation cause. In 1970, he was transferred to the May 7 Cadre School of Jiangxi Ministry of Agriculture and Reclamation. While suffering from lung cancer, he thought he had made little contribution to the party and refused to be transferred to 301 Hospital or Beijing Hospital for treatment.
He died of illness in Beijing on June 3, 1976, at the age of 71.
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