Real name: Jiang Zhongyuan
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Age: Qing Dynasty
Ethnic group: Han nationality
Place of birth: Xinning, Hunan
Died: January 14, 1854
Main works: "The Collection of Jiang Zhonglie"
Main Achievements: Found Chu Yong and seek Taiping Army
Official Position: Governor of Anhui
谥 号: Faithful
Jiang Zhongyuan (1812-1854), the character of the word, a native of Xinning, Hunan (now Shaoyang), a famous general in the late Qing Dynasty.
Jiang Zhongyuan raised his background and organized a group training to suppress the Lei Zaihao uprising and was promoted to Zhixian County, Xiushui County, Zhejiang Province. After the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Uprising, Jiang Zhongyuan formed Chu Yong, went to Guangxi to fight, and killed Feng Yunshan in the battle of Yi Yidu. Since then, Jiang Zhongyuan moved to Hunan, Hubei, and Jiangxi, and rose to the governor of Anhui.
Three years of Xianfeng (1853), Jiang Zhongyuan arrived in Luzhou and fell into the siege of the Taiping Army. In December of the same year (January 1854), the city of Luzhou broke and Jiang Zhongyuan committed suicide by water. He was only forty-two years old.
Jiang Zhongyuan has a straightforward and bold nature, and attaches great importance to the study of the world. He raised people in the examination in 1837 (the seventeenth year of Daoguang ), and later entered Beijing to participate in the examination. Unfortunately, he did not win the list. In 1844 (Twenty-fourth year of Daoguang), Jiang Zhongyuan was appointed as a faculty official through a big pick (election system), returned to his hometown, and trained his children in the village with military methods.
In 1847 (the 27th year of Daoguang), the Lei Zaihao of Yao people gathered in Huangning, Xinning, and rioted. Jiang Zhongyuan organized a regiment to crack down, broke the rebel's lair, captured Lei Zaihao, was promoted to Zhixian, and went to Zhejiang to fill the vacancy. In 1849 (in the 29th year of Daoguang), Jiang Zhongyuan served as Zhixian County of Xiushui County. Due to his outstanding achievements, he was appreciated by the governor of Zhejiang Province, Wenwen Wu, and later served as Zhixian County of Lishui County.
In 1850 (three years of Daoguang), Emperor Xianfeng was enthroned, and Jiuqing, the minister of the Ministry of Education, recommended the talents. Jiang Zhongyuan came to Beijing to meet the emperor on the recommendation of Zong Guofan , the left servant of the Ministry of Li, but soon resigned due to his father's death.
In 1851 (the first year of Xianfeng), the university scholar Sai Shanga went to Guangxi to suppress the Taiping Army. Jiang Zhongyuan was also drafted into the army, and was heavily valued by the deputy Ulantai. Later, Jiang Zhongyuan returned to his hometown and called for 500 soldiers to form Chu Yong. He was led by his younger brother Jiang Zhongjun and went to Guangxi.
At that time, the Taiping Army repeatedly broke through the Qing Army, and the front was very strong. Seeing that Chu Yong had just joined the army and had fewer troops, he sent troops to attack. Jiang Zhongyuan couldn't hold out at first, then took advantage of the Taiping Army to approach, suddenly attacked, beheaded hundreds of people, and later worked hard to reach Zhizhi Prefecture, who was also known to him.
Later, the Taiping Army captured Yongan (now Mengshan, Guangxi) and was soon besieged by the Qing Army. At that time, Tito Xiangrong claimed that the siege must be fought, and Ulan Tai believed that the method of siege was used and the two could not argue. Jiang Zhongyuan failed to mediate, and knew that the Qing army would be defeated in this war, so he said he was sick.
In 1852 (the second year of Xianfeng), the Taiping Army broke through northward and invaded Guilin. After hearing the news, Jiang Zhongyuan once again recruited a thousand soldiers and traveled to Guangxi day and night with Liu Changyou. At this time, Ulan Thai was killed and Jiang Zhongyuan was able to lead the army alone. He also defended Weizhou, defeated the Taiping Army three times, solved the siege of Guilin, and was promoted to the prefecture.
In April, Jiang Zhongyuan pursued the Taiping Army to Quanzhou. At that time, the Taiping Army occupied Quanzhou, intending to march along the Xiangjiang River and land, and attacked Changsha in the north. Jiang Zhongyuan set up an ambush in Jianyidu, felled trees, blocked the river, and fought with the Taiping Army for two days and nights. Southern King Feng Yunshan was shot dead. The Taiping Army fled and was captured.
Associate Shou Changsha
At that time, Jiang Zhongyuan requested to hold on to the east bank of the Xiang River, but it was not adopted. The Taiping Army was able to enter Hunan from the east bank and capture Daozhou (now Hunan County). Jiang Zhongyuan was worried that the Taiping Army would be trapped by the people. He believed that "dividing defenses is worse than combining defenses, and distant blockages are better than near attacks."
At this time, the Taiping Army withdrew from Daozhou, captured Guiyang and Luzhou, invaded Changsha, and gained strength again. When Jiang Zhongyuan and the chief soldier He Chun went to the rescue, the Taiping Army had occupied the south of the city and attacked Changsha day and night. Jiang Zhongyuan saw that the Taiping Army occupied the higher elevation of Tianxin Pavilion, and was shocked: "The thief army occupied this place, and Changsha was in danger." So he led the dead to retake Tianxin Pavilion.
Later, when Jiang Zhongyuan saw his younger brother Jiang Zhongji rushed from Changzhou to Changsha, he agreed to pinch the Taiping Army and was injured by the ambush. Hunan governor Zhang Liangji welcomed Jiang Zhongyuan into the city and asked about the strategy of defending the city. Jiang Zhongyuan said: "Officials are gathered on all sides, only Hexi is empty. All troops should be sent back to Longtang to prevent the thieves from fleeing." Zhang Liangji said deeply. But at this time, there were more than a dozen governors, admirals, and generals in Changsha. They were not under the control of each other, and it was difficult for Zhang Liangji to dispatch.
In November, the Taiping Army siege from Huilongtang, captured Yuezhou (now Yueyang, Hunan), and captured Wuchang in December. Jiang Zhongyuan hated that his idea had not been adopted, and he did not want to go east. He was left in Hunan by Zhang Liangji. Later, Jiang Zhongyuan wiped out the Baling Bandits and transferred to Liuyang to suppress Zhou Guoyu , a bandit of Zhengyi Church, and promoted to Taoist.
Hold on to Nanchang
In 1853 (three years of Xianfeng), the Qing court ordered Zhang Liangji to act as the governor of Hubei-Guangzhou, and then appointed Jiang Zhongyuan as Hubei's envoy. Jiang Zhongyuan was heavily supported by Zhang Liangji. He successively defeated the rebels of Pingtongcheng, Chongyang, Jiayu, and Puzhen, and captured the rebel leaders Liu Lijian, Chen Baidou, Xiong Kaiyu, and others. Emperor Xianfeng thought that Jiang Zhongyuan was loyal and brave, so he sent him to Xiangrong's Jiangnan Camp to help with military affairs.
In June, Jiang Zhongyuan traveled to Jiujiang, heard that Nanchang was besieged, and went to the Shu court, asking for Jiangxi's assistance first, and led 1,300 people to Nanchang. Jiangxi governor Zhang Jian awarded Jiang Zhongyuan with the Wang Ming banner and let him direct all the battles. Jiang Zhongyuan burned down the residential houses outside the city, beheaded the deserters, and personally stationed at Zhang Jiangmen, supervising the battle day and night.
Later, the Taiping Army dug an underground siege, causing the city to collapse by dozens of feet. Jiang Zhongyuan beheaded the Dengcheng rebels, and ordered people to use a soil bag to block the gap. Later, he repeatedly sent dead men to burn down the camp of the Taiping Army. Soon, Hunan reinforcements arrived, Jiang Zhongyuan split his troops to guard Zhangshu Town, and sent Luo Zenan to Pingtaihe, Wanan, Anfu and other county bandits.
At that time, Jiang Zhongyuan held on to Nanchang for more than ninety days, repeatedly breaking through the taiping army bases and sinking enemy ships. In August, the Taiping Army withdrew. In honor of Jiang Zhongyuan's merit, Emperor Xianfeng specially gave him a top-notch wear.
Rush to Luzhou
Later, the Taiping Army retreated to Jiujiang, disrupted Hubei's rejuvenation, and invaded Tianjia Town (now Wuxue, Hubei). Jiang Zhongyuan led 2,000 troops to aid, and led dozens of soldiers to rush to Tianjia Town. The next day, the Taiping Army stormed Tianjiazhen, and Taoist Xu Fengyu and others died. Jiang Zhongyuan made his claim on the table and was relegated to four ranks to stay in office. He was later promoted to governor of Anhui .
Soon, the Taiping Army captured Huangzhou and Hanyang and besieged Wuchang. Jiang Zhongyuan attacked along the Yangtze River, defeated the Taiping Army, and relieved Wuchang. Later, Jiang Zhongyuan's troops were left in Hubei, and he only led 2,000 troops to Luzhou (now Hefei, Anhui). At that time, Jiang Zhongyuan was marching in the rain, the soldiers were exhausted, and he could not afford to get sick. By the time of Lu'an, the Taiping Army had captured Tongcheng and Shucheng.
Lu Yuanwei, the prefect of Luzhou City, sent an envoy and lied that the city had sufficient troops and troops. Jiang Zhongyuan ignored Liuan's army and civilians to stay, leaving a thousand soldiers and horses to guard Lu'an, and went to Luzhou with illness. In November, Jiang Zhongyuan arrived in Luzhou. Fang Zhicheng had a total of only 3,000 men and horses, and there was a shortage of food, grass, and arms, but he was besieged by the Taiping Army.
Although Jiang Zhongyuan knew that he was deceived by Hu Yuanwei and that Luzhou was difficult to preserve, he still refused to retreat from the city. He believed that Hu Yuanwei could not deploy defense, and lied to jeopardize the fighter plane, repeatedly rebuked, and personally stationed in Shuiximen to repel the Taiping Army's attack. In order to praise Jiang Zhongyuan, the court awarded him the Holon Wubatuluyong.
City break suicide
At that time, Governor Shaoxing of Shaanxi and Gansu feared the might of the Taiping Army and did not dare to move forward. Jiang Zhongyuan's brothers Jiang Zhongjun and Liu Changyou were also blocked five miles outside Luzhou City, making it difficult to rescue them. In December, Hu Yuanwei was in private with the Taiping Army. The Taiping Army learned of the fact that the city was real and more siege.
Soon, the Taiping Army blew up Shui Xi Men and stormed into the city of Luzhou. Jiang Zhongyuan plucked his sword, and was stopped by the left and right relatives, and Sima Liangxun fled behind him. Jiang Zhongyuan slammed Ma Liangxun's ear, struggling to break free, and continued to fight the Taiping Army. When he reached the sluice bridge, Jiang Zhongyuan had already suffered seven traumas and had to plunge into the ancient pond to commit suicide by diving. He was 42 years old.
At that time, the administration led Liu Yuzhen , Chizhou Zhifu Chen Yuanzhang , Tong Zhixun Zou Hanxun, Hu Ziyong and others to death together, and Hu Yuanwei surrendered. Eight days later, Jiang Zhongyuan's body was memorized by Zhou Chang's trace, and his face was still alive. After the Qing court heard about it, Jiang Zhongyuan donated the post of governor, captain and cloud captain to the post, given his loyalty, and placed his spiritual position in Zhaozhong Temple.
In 1864 (three years in Tongzhi ), the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom perished. The Qing court read and Jiang Zhongyuan's credit, and he also rewarded him with the post of third-class light truck captain, and built special temples for him in Hunan and Jiangxi.
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