Chinese name: 金 九
Foreign name: Kim Koo
Alias: No. Baifan
Nationality: South Korea
Place of birth: Baiyunfang, Haizhou, Huanghai
Date of Birth: July 11, 1876
Died: June 26, 1949
Major Achievement: Sun Yat-sen
Korean National Party
Chairman of the interim government of korea
Korea Founding Medal
Representative works: "Bai Fanyi Zhi"
Cemetery: Xiaochang Park
Kim Jio (Kim Koo, July 11, 1876-June 26, 1949), No. Bai Fan, the original An Dong King's . After 27 years in various parts of China, he is a legend in Korean history and a well-known Korean independent activist, known as the "founding father of South Korea."
In the early years, Kim Jiu-jung participated in the Eastern Academic Party movement against Lee ’s North Korea, and was later imprisoned several times for different reasons. Later, due to his excellent political leadership, Kim Jiu joined the Korean independence movement and became a leader. During the period of the Chinese Anti-Japanese War, when the National Government moved to Chongqing, the interim government of the Republic of Korea led by Kim Jiu also moved to Chongqing; he once served as chairman of the interim government of South Korea and has good relations with the government of the Republic of China. But contemporary Japan is guarding against Jin Jiu.
After Japan's surrender , with the support of the United States, Li Chengwan became South Korea's first president. Kim Jiuk fought indomitably for the establishment of a unified, independent South Korea. However, because of his far-reaching popularity in the civil society than other political enemies (and many historical books allege that this "political enemy" is Li Chengwan), he became hostile and was eventually assassinated and killed after the war.
The killing of Kim Jiu raised the far-right dictatorship on the Korean peninsula and made Lee Seung Wan become the president of South Korea. After the outbreak of the Korean war, Li Chengwan began his dictatorship until he stepped down from opposition from all sides.
Jin Jiu is the author of "Bai Fanyi Zhi" and other books.
On July 11, 1876, Jin Jiu was born in a farmer's family in Baiyunfang (백운 방), Haizhou, Huanghai Province, North Korea. He was the eldest son in the family.
In 1885, Jin Jiu studied Chinese and Korean characters in private school, and studied general books, history, military books, universities, and Tang poetry.
In 1891, Jin Jiu was admitted to the Imperial Examination but fell off the list. He later joined the Eastern Xue Movement and changed its name to Changyu (창수) and became an active member of the Eastern Xue Army.
In 1893, Kim Jiu joined Eastern Studies, a new religious organization in North Korea at the time.
In 1895, at the age of 20, he supported the local Eastern Peasant Movement in Haizhou against the Japanese Army. Later, he crossed the Yalu River and hid in Northeast China. He participated in the "Negotiation Party" of the Korean Independence Movement volunteer group led by 김이언, but was unfortunately arrested.
In 1896, Empress Mingcheng was brutally killed by the Japanese. Jin Jiu killed Japanese Lieutenant Tsuchida Ryoliang in Caoheju in order to wash the country's shame, and was sentenced to prison.
On March 9, 1898, Kim Jiu was in prison in Incheon.
In prison, he was exposed to new books such as New History of Tessie and World Geography. He escaped from prison in May of the following year and became a monk at Gongzhou Muge Temple.
In 1899, schools were established in various places in Huanghaidao.
Christianity in 1903.
Participated in Xinminhui in 1910. In 1911 he was arrested again for 105 incidents and sentenced to life imprisonment.
In 1911, he was released because of commutation, served as the manager of Jin Hongliang's Dongshanping Farm, and carried out rural enlightenment .
After the Trinity Movement in 1919, he died in Shanghai and participated in the organization of the Korean interim government. He successively served as the chief of police, the chief of the interior, and the head of state affairs.
In 1928, he organized the Korea Independence Party with Li Shirong, Li Dongning and others as president.
In 1928, the Korean Patriotic Regiment formed a secret association and began anti-Japanese activities by force and terror.
In 1931, the Patriotic Regiment was organized.
During the assassination of Sakuradamon in 1932, Li Fengchang under his command attempted to assassinate the Emperor of Japan; he also planned an explosion in Hongkou Park with Wang Yayi , and instructed Yin Fengji to throw bombs at the Tianchang Festival and the January 28 Incident Ceremony in Hongkou Park in Shanghai. , Killed the Japanese army general Shirakawa and others. Since then, Jiu Jiu took refuge in Jiaxing. She hid on a lake cruise and held a state affairs meeting of the Korean Provisional Government on a cruise ship on the South Lake to discuss the anti-Japanese and national restoration plan. These charitable actions have had a huge impact both at home and abroad, and have greatly encouraged the Chinese people's morale against Japan.
The Korean Nationalist Party was organized in 1935.
In 1937, China's comprehensive anti-Japanese war broke out, and Jin Jiu moved to Changsha to the west.
On May 6, 1938, Jinjiu was shot at a meeting in the Nanmu Hall on the west side of Huangxing Road in Changsha. He was rushed to Xiangya Hospital for emergency treatment, and then rehabilitated on Mount Yuelu after being in danger .
In 1940, the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea moved to Chongqing. Formed the Korean Recovery Army as the chairman of the interim government and launched military activities.
In 1944 he was elected chairman of the Korean Interim Government.
A declaration of war on Japan was issued in the name of the Republic of Korea in 1945. The paratroopers of the Liberation Army were formed to carry out landing training in their own country.
On August 15, 1945, North Korea was restored and returned to China. In his capacity as Chairman of the Korean Independence Party, he opposed Moscow ’s US, British, and Soviet foreign ministers ’meeting statement and led the movement against the DPRK ’s trust rule.
On February 10, 1948, a statement entitled "Crying to 30 Million Fellows" was issued, opposing South Korea's independent government.
In 1949, a UN resolution opposing South Korea's election was proposed and a unified government should be established through North-South consultations. Entered North Korea for political consultations with Kim Il Sung , but failed. On June 26, he was assassinated by Army Infantry Ensign An Douxi in Jingqiaozhuang. It is buried in Xiaochang Park by national burial (similar to state burial, but not in the government but in the name of the people of the whole country).
In 1962, he was awarded the Medal of the Founding of the Republic of Korea.
Bai Fan Yi Zhi (백범 일지)
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