Chinese name: 李光耀
Foreign name: Lee Kuan Yew
Place of birth: Singapore
Date of Birth: September 16, 1923
Died: March 23, 2015
Graduated from: Raffles College Singapore
Major achievements: Singapore's first prime minister (founding head of state)
Representative work: "Li Guangyao observes the world"
Hometown: Dangxi Township, Dapu County, Meizhou City, Guangdong Province
Language: English, Chinese, Malay, Japanese, etc.
Status: Founding Father of Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew (Lee Kuan Yew, September 16, 1923 ~ March 23, 2015), Singaporean Chinese, native of Dangxi Township, Gaocheng Town, Dapu County, Meizhou, Guangdong Province, graduated from Raffles College Singapore, Singapore People's Action One of the party founders.
Former Prime Minister of Singapore (Head of State), Singapore's Supreme Leader, Senior Minister of State and Cabinet, Secretary-General of the People's Action Party of Singapore, Member of the Legislative Assembly (renamed Parliament in December 1965), the first Prime Minister of the Singapore Autonomous Government, the Prime Minister's Office The Senior Minister, Honorary Chairman of the International Confucian Federation, and Cabinet Minister (Presidential Office of the Prime Minister) are known as the "Father of Singapore".
On December 18, 2018, the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the State Council awarded Comrade Li Guangyao, a politician who promoted Singapore's deep participation in China's reform and opening up process, with the China Reform Friendship Medal.
Lee Kuan Yew received a British education from an early age. At the age of 12 (1935) he was admitted to the top local British school Raffles College (junior high school). At the age of 18 (1940) he was admitted to the high school of the original school, but after the Japanese occupation of Singapore Interrupt your studies. After the war, Lee Kuan Yew won the Queen's Scholarship for the British Empire and began studying in the UK.
In the early days of studying in the United Kingdom, Lee Kuan Yew studied at the London School of Economics and was influenced by his mentor Lasky's socialist theory while studying. He gradually showed an anti-colonial tendency, but has been known as an "anti-Communist" since then. He once stated in his memoirs that "the reason why they hate Communists is that they adopt Leninist (centralized leadership) methods, not their Marxist ideals."
After studying for three months at the London School of Economics, Lee Kuan Yew transferred to Cambridge University to study law, and graduated in 1949 with a "Double First Honours Degree". He was admitted as a practicing lawyer in London in June 1950.
Participate in politics
In September 1950, Li Guangyao married his classmate Ke Yuzhi at Raffles College. Ke Yuzhi was a prestigious lawyer who was born in Tongan County, Fujian Province, China. Li Guangyao and his wife Ke Yuzhi have three children: the eldest son Li Xianlong , the second son Li Xianyang, and the daughter Li Weiling.
In 1950, Lee Kuan Yew in the United Kingdom joined the Malayan Forum, a group of Southeast Asians living in the country, with the goal of "striving for Malayan independence." In August of the same year, Lee Kuan Yew returned to Singapore and began working as a lawyer.
In 1952, Lee Kuan Yew became famous for negotiating with the government on behalf of the "postman on strike in Singapore" and established a mass foundation in the union, laying a foundation for his future political career.
The People's Action Party participated in the first election held the following year. Lee Kuan Yew was successfully elected as a member of the Legislative Assembly. He began to cooperate with Singapore's Malaysian Communist Party ("CPM") Lin Qingxiang and other people to fight for Singapore's autonomy.
On June 3, 1959, the Singapore Autonomous State was established, and the People's Action Party also became the largest party in the Legislative Assembly in the first election of the Autonomous State Government, with Lee Kuan Yew as the Prime Minister of the Autonomous State Government. Since then, Lee Kuan Yew has been hoping to merge with Malayan Confederation to form "Malaysia" in order to provide guarantee for Singapore's economic development and finally to eradicate the growing "CPM" power in the local area.
In 1961, the "anti-Communist" led by Lee Kuan Yew broke up with the "pro-communist" within the party.
In July 1963, Lee Kuan Yew reached an agreement with the Malayan Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman (Tungku Raman) government in London. The combined Malaysian Federal Government and the Singapore Autonomous Government, led by Lee Kuan Yew, took action and arrested several senior officials of the "CPM" in Singapore. After the merger of "Singapore and Malaysia," the Malaysian Federal Government and the Singapore Autonomous Government soon had serious differences in economic and other policies.
In 1964, when ethnic riots broke out in Singapore, the Lee Kuan Yew government accused Malaysian Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman and the federal government of trying to promote "racial chauvinism" in an attempt to give Malays special high treatment in the Federation and to incite behind the scenes Malays in Singapore oppose the Singapore government. However, the high level of the federal government was very disgusted with this, and due to the subsequent failure of the two parties to negotiate, Singapore was eventually expelled from Malaysia.
In 1990, Lee Kuan Yew resigned as Prime Minister, but remained in the Cabinet until May 2011. In addition, according to the board of the Singapore Government Investment Corporation, which was first disclosed in 2003, Lee Kuan Yew has actually been the chairman of the company since he stepped down as the prime minister. The company is responsible for managing Singapore ’s government foreign exchange reserves, but it has been the country ’s most mysterious company. He has always advocated "Asian values" and believes that Asian countries do not need to act in full accordance with Western values. Therefore, Lee Kuan Yew has always ignored the criticisms of his tyranny by the Western countries, believing that Western democracy cannot be imposed on the people of Asia.
In October 2010, Mrs. Li Guangyao Ke Yuzhi passed away. He wrote an eulogy for his wife: "Without her, I would be a completely different person and live a totally different life. She has lived a life full of warmth and meaning. I I should be comforted by her 89 years of life. But at this moment of goodbye on October this day, my heart was extremely sad. "
On May 7, 2011, Singapore ’s general election, founded by Lee Kuan Yew and long in power in Singapore, the ruling party, the People ’s Action Party, continued to occupy the overwhelming parliamentary advantage of the parliament.
On May 14, 2011, the Cabinet of Ministers of Singapore, Singapore ’s first Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew and State Secretary of State and Singapore ’s second Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong issued a joint statement announcing their retirement from the Cabinet. Lee Kuan Yew and Goh Chok Tong's statement said: "After a watershed election, we have decided to leave the cabinet and let a younger team of Cabinet members connect and reach out to the younger generation to shape Singapore's future."
New book release
On August 6, 2013, Lee Kuan Yew released a new book, Lee Kuan Yew, at the Presidential Palace. This 400-page-thick English book is divided into 11 chapters. It mainly contains Li Guangyao's analysis and insights on world powers and international trends. Six of them cover China, the United States, Europe, Southeast Asia, and the Middle East.
Died of illness
In 2012, according to the website of Lianhe Zaobao, 89-year-old Li Guangyao suffered a stroke similar to a stroke and was hospitalized for observation at Singapore General Hospital. He was also absent from Dan for the first time for many years. Chinese New Year Gala in Rongpagar Constituency.
On February 02, 2014, Lee Kuan Yew was hospitalized with a fever and treated with antibiotics.
On March 17, 2015, Lee Kuan Yew's condition worsened due to infection.
At 3:18 am on March 23, 2015, Li Guangyao died at the age of 91 due to ineffective medical treatment.
At 14:00 on March 29, 2015, a state funeral was held at the National University Cultural Centre of Singapore.
上古 夏朝 商朝 周朝 春秋战国 秦朝 汉朝 三国 晋朝 南北朝 隋朝 唐朝 五代十国 宋朝 元朝 明朝 清朝 民国 世界 近代 现代 影视小说 美国 日本 五胡十六国 巴尔干 南美洲 北欧三国 俄国 英国 法国 德国 意大利 西班牙 奥匈帝国 土耳其 非洲 朝鲜 Character Dynasty, Region Index: Ancient Xia Dynasty, Shang Dynasty, Zhou Dynasty, Spring and Autumn, Warring States, Qin Dynasty, Han Dynasty, Three Kingdoms, Jin Dynasty, North and South Dynasty, Sui Dynasty, Tang Dynasty, Five Dynasties, Song Dynasty, Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty, Republic of China, Modern Modern Film and Television Novel, USA, Japan, Wuhu and Sixteen Countries, Balkan South North America, North America, Russia, UK, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Africa, North Korea