Chinese name: 嬴政
Alias: Zhao Zheng, Zu Long
Nationality: Qin Dynasty
Nationality: Han nationality (called Huaxia at the time)
Place of birth: Handan (now Handan City, Hebei Province)
Date of birth: 259 BC
Date of death: 210 BC
Faith: Legalist Thought
Main achievement: unified China for the first time
Nanping Baiyue, North hit the Huns
Abolish the sub-sealing system and replace it with a county system
Same book, same car, unified weights and measures
Build the Great Wall of China , open up the southwest
Reign: 246 BC-210 BC
Tomb: Daishan Mausoleum (now Xiahe Village, Lintong District, Xi'an)
Emperor Qin Shihuang's government annexed the six nations, ended the secession of the Warring States Period, and unified China. He felt that his achievements were greater than the three emperors and five emperors in ancient legends. He could no longer use the title of "king". Instead, he should use a more honorable title to qualify for his achievements, and decided to adopt the title of "emperor". He was the first emperor in China, and he claimed to be the first emperor . He also stipulated that the descendants would succeed to his throne in order. The second generation is called Emperor II, and the third generation is called Emperor III. This is passed down from generation to generation.
Emperor Qin Shizheng was a famous politician, strategist, and reformer in Chinese history. He was the first emperor to complete the unification of China. The son of King Qin Zhuang Xiang , thirteen was the throne, and 39 was the emperor. year. Emperor Qin Shihuang established the emperor system, the central government implemented three public and nine secrets , the local abolition of the sub-sealing system, the county and county system, the same book, the same car, the same rail , unified weights and measures, hit the Xiongnu north, Baiyue south, build the Great Wall . It has pushed China into the era of great unification, created a new situation for the establishment of an authoritarian centralization system , had a profound impact on the history of China and the world, and laid the basic structure of China's political system for more than two thousand years. He was hailed as "Eternal Emperor" by Ming Dynasty thinker Li Zhi.
1. Established a centralized system;
2. Unify the text, making it the foundation of a nation, and continue to use it today;
3. Waste separation, county-level establishment, became the standard model of management after China's unification, which lasted for thousands of years;
4. Unified currency and weights and measures, and greatly facilitate domestic exchanges in business;
5. The cars are on the same track and the roads are the same distance. The construction of the Qin straight road will greatly facilitate domestic traffic;
6. Construction of the Lingqu, strengthened the control of the Pearl River Basin, and made the area always become the territory of China;
7. Building the Great Wall, an important line of defense against northern Hu's aggression, the Great Wall has long been a national border;
8. Exploiting the territory, conquering South Vietnam, and bringing Fujian, Zhejiang, and Guangdong and Guangxi into the territory of China.
9. North strike the Huns, recapture the Hetao area, and make the area forever the territory of China. So far the basic pattern of China's unified multi-ethnic and centralized state has been laid.
10. Construction of the Zhengguo Canal, water diversion from the west to the north, and water injection from Luoshui to the east for more than 300 miles, and the transformation of over 40,000 hectares of saline-alkali land, which quickly enriched the barren Guanzhong area.
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