Chinese name: Sadie
Foreign name: Sa'di
Place of birth: Shiraz, Iran
Date of Birth: 1208
Representative works: "Orchard", "Rose Garden", etc.
Sa'di (Moshlefoddin Mosaleh, 1208 ~ 1291), whose full name is Sheikh Moslihtin Abdullah Sady Shiraz, is a medieval Persian (present-day Iranian) poet. About 600 lyric poems have been preserved in Sady's works. Through the descriptions of flowers and birds, landscapes, beauties, and quiet nights, the works entrust the poet's love for nature and yearning for a better life. His poems are tightly structured, the language is condensed, fluent, and the rhythm is restrained. It is a wonderful work in the history of Persian literature. Sadie's famous works are "Orchard" and "Rose Garden." Sadie's style of work has been a model of Persian literature for centuries. He was hailed as "the greatest figure in Persian classical literary world", and his work has a great influence on later generations. He has been translated into dozens of foreign languages and has been praised by readers. Sadie occupies a lofty position in the history of Persian literature. He is one of the four pillars recognized to support the Persian literary mansion.
Born in 1208 in the lower preacher family of Shiraz in Fars (now Iran). In his early years he studied in his hometown. At the age of 14, he lost his father, became an orphan, and experienced the hardships of life. When he was young, he went to Baghdad and entered the then famous Nezamier school to study literature and Islamic theology. At the same time began writing lyrics in Persian and Arabic. He dropped out of school because he could not bear the shackles of the school and left Baghdad. At that time, the invasion of the Mongols and the melee between local dynasties led to social unrest. Therefore, Sadie spent the first half of his life in the midst of displacement. Here, he preached as an Islamic Darvis (tourist), traveled to Syria, Egypt, Morocco, Ethiopia, India, Afghanistan, and Kashgar, Xinjiang, China, and worked as a laborer. , And repeatedly went to Mecca Kaaba Hajj. When returning home, she was pale. The experience of traveling around the Quartet in the past 30 years has brought him extensive contact with people from all walks of life and personally experienced the miserable life of the poor, which has a profound impact on the formation of his worldview and future literary creation.
Shiraz at that time was not damaged by the Mongolian army because it was purchased by local rulers with heavy money, and the social order was relatively stable. Since then, Sadie has lived in seclusion and devoted herself to writing.
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