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Sima Xiuzhi

Sima Xiu (? ~ 417)

Sima Xiu's Information

Real name: Sima Xiuzhi

Another name: Sima Pingxi

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Ethnic group: Han

Main achievements: Rebellion against Xuan Xuan and Liu Yu to usurp the throne , Ping Wei Jin Shiguo served as the country's Eastern Jin Dynasty, Nan Yan , and later Qin Dynasty

Official position: General Pingxi, Jingzhou Assassination History

谥 号: (Northern Wei) Shiping Shenggong

Brother: Sima Shangzhi, Sima Huizhi, Sima Yunzhi

Hometown: Wenxian, Hanoi

Mount: Yangwu Horse

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Sima Xiu - Famous Jin Dynasty

Sima Xiuzhi (? -417 years), the word Jiyu ("Wei Shu", " North History " for Ji Yu), Han County, Wenxian, Jin Dynasty clan, famous. It is the descendant of Wei Zhonglang Sima Jin, the younger brother of Sima Yi of Jin Xuan Emperor, and the fourth son of King Sima Tian of King Jing. The leader of the Sima clan in the late Eastern Jin Dynasty, he was a general of Pingxi and a prince of Jingzhou, known as Sima Pingxi.

Wu Xuan will be tampered with, and he who does not possess himself will run to South Yan Mu Rongde . In 404, after Liu Yuxuan removed Xuan, he rebuilt his business and resumed the history of Jingzhou. In 414, Liu Yu sent troops to attack Xiu Zhi. Sima Xiu and Lu Zongzhi resisted. In April 415, Liu Yu defeated Sima Xiu's 40,000 troops and conquered Jiangling. Hugh's father and son, Lu Zongzhi fled to Qin Yi Yao Xing . After the death of Liu Yu in 417, Sima Xiu's Jin state clan and others invited the Northern Wei Situ chief Sun Song to surrender, and died in the army more than a month later. The famous horse said "Yang Wu". In a sense, what happened to Sima Xiu reflected the fate of the Sima clan in the late Eastern Jin Dynasty.

Biographies

Chaos

Sima Xiuzhi was the fourth son of King Qi Jing, General Zhenbei, and Qing · Yizhou assassination Sima Tian. His birth date was ominous. When he was young, he took the noble and influential position, and because of his brother Sima Shang, he was greatly supported by Sima Daozi , the king of Hueiji.

In the second year of Long'an (398 years), Sima Daozi adopted Sima Shangzhi's tree vassal as a screen guard's suggestion, ordered Wang Yu to be the assassin of Jiangzhou, and asked him to supervise the four counties of Yuzhou under the jurisdiction of Wu Kai. This move attracted the dissatisfaction of Yuzhou assassination Shi Kaikai, and Shangshu opposed it to no avail. In July, Kai Kai instigated Wang Gong, a two-state prince of Shizhou, to rise up against the brothers of Wang Yu and Sima Shang, while south of Jingzhou stabbed Yin Zhongkan and Gongxuan of Nan County, pushing Wang Gong as the leader.

Wang Gong suspected that Yin Zhongkan would not send out his troops, so he started the tragedy early, and then Yin Zhongkan led the sailing forces with the Xuanxuan and Yangxian periods as the forwards. In the face of Wang Gong's army, Sima Daozi was at a loss, and the imperial court sought the governor with Sima Yuanxian, the son of Huiji. In September Xin Xun , former general Wang Xun and right general Xie Xuan fought against Wang Gong, and Sima Shangzhi resisted Kai Kai. Sima Xiu's brothers had their own troops in the peace. Ji Hai, the third brother, Sima Yunzhi , battled with Kai Kaizi, Hong Hong, and Hong Hong defeated him. In Cihu, he defeated Ruan Taishou Duan Fang and was killed. Otome, Dai Xuan broke the army in Baishi. When Xuan and Yang Jianqi went to Hengjiang (Anhui and southeast Yangtze River ancient ferry crossing), Xu Kai came to vote for Xuan Kai, Sima Xiu's eldest brother Sima Shangzhi lost, and the second brother Sima Hui was also wiped out. Bingwu, Daozitun Middle Hall, Yuan Xian guarded the stone; Ji Xun, Wang Xun guarded the northern suburbs, Xie Xuntun Xuanyang Gate was prepared. After calming down the rebellion, Dao Zi regarded Shang Shang as General Jianwei, Yuzhou Assassin's History, and Fake Festival. He soon entered the general; Sima Yunzhi was Wu's domestic history; Sima Huizhi rided Sima, Dan Yang Yin; Sima Xiu's official worshipped the dragon. General Wu, Xiangcheng eunuch, and Liyang (now Anhui and County).

In the three years of Longan (399), Sima Yuanxian took the opportunity to seize the power of his father Sima Daozi and became a decision maker in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. The four brothers of Simaxiu were all regarded as relatives.

Liyang defeated

In the first month of the first year of Yuanxing (402), Sima Yuanxian descended on Xifa Xixuan, and ordered his brother Sima Shangzhi to be a forward, and his brother Sima Wenzhong to be General Ning Yuan and Xuancheng History. Xuan Xuan led the army down the river, and when he arrived at the aunt, he sent general Feng Gai to attack Liyang, blocking Dongpu and burning Sima Shangzhi's ship. Sima Shang's 9,000 soldiers lined up in Pujiang, and also sent Wu Qiu Shou Yang Qiu to Hengjiang. However, Yang Qiu descended on Xuan Xuan, and Sima Shang's army collapsed. Sima Shangzhi fled to Tu and was arrested and killed. After the defeat of Sima Shang's soldiers, Sima Xiuzhi also led 500 soldiers in the city to fight, but was defeated. Sima Xiu returned to the city and fled with his nephew.

Qin Qin

Defeated

Sima Xiuzhi, Gao Zhizhi, Liu Jingxuan, etc. went to Luoyang together with Changan, and each took their children as hostages and asked Yao Xing for help. Yao Xing gave them a letter and asked them to recruit troops in Kanto. Sima Xiuzhi raised thousands of people, returned to Pengcheng area again, and gathered together. Xuan Xuan sent Sun Wucheng to conquer Liu Zhou of Jizhou Assassination History. Liu Qi invited together with Jingxuan and Yazhi to join Shanyang and lead the troops to break Sun Wucheng and be unsuccessful. Entering Changpingyu again, he lost the battle with Sun, and each separated, so they went to Nanyan Murongde.

Distressed Nanyan

Northern Wei Dynasty killed Cui Yun , Chen Liunan changed hexagrams

In the second year of Long'an (the first year of Tianxing of the Northern Wei Dynasty, 398), Yao Xing sent troops to invade the Xiangyang dynasty in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, and he sent his envoys to Changshan Wang Tuoba Zun station, asking for reinforcements, and Tuoba Zun reported the incident to Emperor Daowu. Emperor Daowu ordered Cui Huan and Zhang Huan to write a letter on behalf of Tuoba Zun to answer. At the beginning, Xu Hui said in a letter to Tuoba Zun, "Xianxionghubu Central Plains", Emperor Daowu believed that this sentence was contrary to the system of his monarchs and ministers, so that Cui Zheng and Zhang Jian also devalued the title of the Eastern Jin monarch in his reply. Use this as revenge. Cui Wei and Zhang Jian actually called "the Lord" in the letter. Emperor Daowu said angrily: "Tell you to depreciate his lord and return to him, and even call your lord, how can you compare with others as a virtuous brother!" So Cui Yun died.

General Yuan Qianzhi, Liu Shou, Gao Changqing , Guo Gong, etc. heard that Sima Xiu was going to attack Xuan Xuan and all went to work. After the failure, dozens of people were preparing to join the Northern Wei Dynasty together. Come and rush, with great joy in my heart. To the south of Chen Liu, Sima Xiu heard about the killing of the northern celebrity Cui Wei, and he was worried and hesitated. After discussion, Liu Rail, Sima Xiuzhi, and Liu Jingxuan rushed to Nanyan; Yuan Qianzhi, Liu Shou, Gao Changqing, and Guo Gong rushed to Qin. Afterwards, Emperor Daowu blamed Sima Xiu for not coming, and sent someone to visit Luzhou. When he met his followers and asked why, he said, "Wei Wei ’s prestige is far from being attached by Xiu Zhi and so on; I was killed, so I ran to the two kingdoms. "The messenger returned to the newspaper, and Tuoba was very sorry to kill Cui Yi.

The detailed process of Sima Xiu's defection to Nanyan: Xi Xuan will usurp → Post-Qin Proton → Kanto Recruitment → Peng Cheng Ju Gu → Tun Shu Shan Yang → Strike Sun Wu terminal defeat → Want to vote in the Northern Wei Dynasty → Wei kills Cui Yan, the scholars chill → Chen Liunan changed hexagrams → Go south and go south. Dozens of people including Sima Xiu, including ① Liu Zhou of Jizhou Assassin, Sima Xiu, the prince of Xiangcheng, Liu Jingxuan, general of the conquered prisoners, Guangling Xianggao, and Jiang Du Chang Zhang; ② General Yuan Qianzhi, Liu Shou, Gao Changqing Guo Gong. Nominees, a total of 9 people.

Conspiracy to kill Germany and flee Nanyan

In the third year of Yuan Xing (404), Liu Jingxuan and Gao Zhi colluded with the surname Qingzhou and the handsome Xianbei, preparing to murder Nan Yan's master Murong Beide, and promote Sima Xiu's main role. Bei De took Liu Rail as his head and trusted him very much. Elegant wanted to invite Liu Rail to make a mess, Liu Jingxuan said: "Liu Gong is aging, and has the will to be peaceful, so he can't sue." Liu Yazhi still informed Liu Rail of the plan, and Liu Rail disobeyed.

Soon after the assassination plot was leaked, Liu Jingxuan and others fled to the south. The Nanyan people took prisoner of Sikong Liu Rail, killed him, sent troops to chase it, and killed him. At that time, Nan Yan was sending troops to catch Sima Xiu. His horse kept hissing, so Sima Xiu rode on the horse. The horse sped south and escaped.

Return to Jinting

In the same year, Liu Jingxuan and Sima Xiu fled south from Nanyan and reached the borders of Huai and Si. They heard that Liu Yu raised troops to conquer Jiu Xuan and captured Jiankang. Sima Xiu was equal to returning to the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Sima Zun , the general of Shi Chengcheng, took him as a supervisor, Jing Yi, Liang Ning, Qin Yong, the six states, and led the history of Jingzhou assassins. In the same year, the Jin Army regained Jiangling (now Jiangling in Hubei), the capital of Jingzhou, but it was soon captured by Zhen Zhen, and it was not recovered until the following year. However, shortly after Sima Xiu's arrival in Jiangling, Zhen Zhen led an army attack. Sima Xiu was defeated and fled to Xiangyang (now Xiangyang City, Hubei Province). Zhen claimed to be a prince of Jingzhou. Ningshuo General Zhang Changzhi and Gao Pingxiang Liu Huaisu defeated Zhen Zhen. Sima Xiu returned to town. Sima Xiu's defeat defeated Jiang Ling, and he was impeached by the emperor Wang Xizhi in Imperial History. He was removed from office and requisitioned to Jiankang. After being re-appointed to the general and Hueiji history. Yu Shizhong, Ruan Xunzhi, also said that Sima Xiu and Shang Shu Yu Xiaofu had fun, violated the ban, and descended to recruit generals. Soon they were promoted to post-generals.

In the eighth year of Yixi (412), Liu Yu fought against the history of Jingzhou assassin Liu Yi, and supervised the capital of Simaxiu, Jing Yi, Liang Ning, Qin Yong, and the six military, Pingxi and Jingzhou assassination history.

In the tenth year of Yixi (414), Sima Xiu was quite popular among locals in Jingzhou. Sima Wensi, the king of Jian in Shikang, was "sexual and violent", which aroused caution from Liu Yu. In March, Sima Wensi was accused of killing officials, and his party feathers were killed. Sima Xiu also dismissed, but was not allowed. Liu Yu then sent Sima Wensi to Jingzhou, asking Sima Xiu to "make self-discipline", implying that Sima Xiu killed him. However, Sima Xiu only dismissed Sima Wensi as a slapstick, which made Liu Yu very unhappy, and ordered Jiangzhou Assassin's Meng Huaiyu to take precautions.

In the first month of the eleventh year of Yixi (415), Liu Yu captured Sima Xiuzhi's second son Sima Wenbao and his brother Sima Wenzu in Jiankang, Beijing, and gave them two deaths. He personally led the army against Sima Xiuzhi. Xin Yan, Lieutenant Liu Yu set out from Jiankang. Lu Zongzhi, Yongzhou Assassin's self-doubt, was not tolerated by Taiyu Yu, and his son Jingling Taishou Lu track sent troops to respond to Sima Xiuzhi.

In February, Sima Xiu pleaded guilty to Liu Yu, and the whole army was prepared to resist the enemy. They also sent messengers to the post-Qin and Northern Wei Dynasties to beg for help. After receiving the envoys, Qin agreed to send troops and sent recruited generals Yao Cheng and Sima Guozhen to recruit troops, and the Northern Wei Dynasty sent the commander Sun Song to lead the troops. At the same time, in order to recruit Sima Xiuzhi's rule in China and Han Yanzhi, Liu Yu sent someone a secret letter of surrender. The letter said: "Wensi thoughts, far and near know. Go to Qiu Kangkang and return to Sima Jun. Push to the extreme of the public. And I have no guilty conscience and long-term estrangement. This is not allowed in the heavens and the earth. I was ordered to march west to stop his father and son. The other overseas Chinese was driven by it and asked nothing. The monks Shi, Xie Yi, Ren Jizhi, and other cross-sectors, designed for Liu Yi, so here it is. The people of Jinqing were persecuted for a while, and there was no fierce provocation. It is the day when all philanthropy come to life. If the army comes near, the confrontation will take place, and Lan Ai will rub it together, or it will not be distinguished. Therefore, this intention can be expressed, and can be expressed with everyone. " Yu "sweetly spoke to Fang Bo and attacked him with light soldiers" "good and shameful". Liu Yu lamented when he saw the letter.

Qin after running

Lieutenant Liu Yu sent Tan Daoji and Zhu Chaoshi out of Xiangyang. Jiang Xia, the guardian of Liu Qianzhi, sent three soldiers to the army to build a bridge to gather food. Lu Rail attacked the pious and killed it. Yu made Zhen Zhen, the general leader of the East China Sea, Xu Xun, joined the army, Yan En, Wang Yunzhi , and Shen Yuanzi as forwards, and went out of Jiangxiakou. He Zhizhi and Lu orbital battle broke the grave, and the soldiers were defeated. He Zhi, Yun Zhi, and Yuan Zi were all dead. The orbit took victory and attacked the benefactor's army, and the enemy's army was shot down at a high altitude, and the rain suddenly shook the ground. The rail forces repeatedly smashed, but the enemy array remained motionless, and the rails could not break it, so they had to retreat.

At that time, Lu Zong of Yongzhou, an assassin at that time, heard that Liu Yu sent troops to attack Jingzhou, and set out from Xiangyang to join the army of Sima Xiu to join the army in Jiangling. Xie Zhiwen's life and Lu Zong's son Luai Shuaijun went to defend Liu Yu's army. In March at noon, Liu Yu crossed the river from Matouan, Lu Rail and Sima Wensi led the 40,000 Jingzhou government troops to defend along the cliffs along the river. The bank of Jiangjin was very steep, with several walls standing. The army of Simaxiu lined up along the high bank. Meeting the enemy made Liu Yujun, who crossed the river, unable to land. Liu Yu shouted and ordered General Wu Wu, headed by Jianwu, to climb up. When Hu Ye saw the situation in front of him, his face was very embarrassed. Liu Yu was so angry that he recorded it and was about to kill him. Hu Xun was unsuccessful and turned back to Liu Yu and said, "Yuning is dead before his ears!" Hu Fan cut a stone with a knife handle, and cut some positions on the cliff that could barely accommodate his hands and feet, and climbed up to the cliff. top. After Hu Fan reached the summit, he launched a desperate attack with some soldiers who came up with him. Sima Wensi and others could hardly stop Liu Yujun's offensive and retreated later. Seeing the enemy troops retreating, Hu Fan took the initiative to launch another attack. The Sima Wensi army broke up for a while, and Liu Yujun captured Jiangling. Xiu Zhi and Zong Zhi fled northward, and Lu Rail stayed at Shicheng. In April, Liu Jingxuan's army Sima Daoci heard that Taiwei Yu attacked his ancestor Sima Xiu, and he conspired with the same government to consecrate Liu Jingxuan with the young man Wang Mengzi and intended to occupy Guanggu in response to Sima Xiu. Yi Yi, Wang Mengzi slashed Liu Jingxuan. Then went west to Sima Xiu. In May, Langzhong Hou Zhao Lunzhi and Tai Wei joined the army Shen Linzi broke through the Lu rail guards in Shicheng, and the track abandoned city fled north. On the way, I encountered the reinforcements of the boss Ma Xiuzhi and Lu Zongzhi, so they withdrew north to Xiangyang with them. However, under Xiangyang City, Lu Zongzhi's army member Li Yingzhi closed his door, and Zun En led his army to chase afterwards. In Jiawu, Xiu Zhi, Zong Zhi, Lu Gao, and Wang Wangsi, King of Sima Daoxin of Xincai, Ma Shi of Liangzhou Assassin, and Lu Fan of Nanyang Prefecture guarded together to leave the country under the protection of the locals. Wang Zhen evil waited for the cavalry to catch up, and did not return until the border.

In addition, King Qin Yaocheng and Sima Guozhen also rushed to Nanyang with reinforcements, and Northern Song Wei Song Sun Song went to Hedong. However, I heard that Sima Xiuzhi and other Ling Jiang lost and lost to Liu Yujun, so they had to withdraw their troops and return.

After Sima Xiu's arrival in the post-Qin capital of Chang'an (now Xi'an, Shaanxi, the post-Qin taboo changed "chang" to "chang"), the late Qin emperor Yao Xing asked Sima Xiuzhi about the state of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, saying, "Liu Yuchong worshiped the Jin emperor. Hugh Zhi replied indignantly: "Before and after the court, the king of Langxie Dewen cried and said:" Liu Yu offered to the lord, and he was profound and profound. "Pushed by the situation, the worry of the society Unpredictable. "So he appointed Xiu Zhi as Yangzhou assassination history.

In August of the 12th year of Yixi (the first year of Qin Yonghe, 416), in August, Liu Yu led his army to set off from Jiankang, and each army also planned to dispatch Qin after the Northern Expedition. In the thirteenth year of Yixi's thirteenth year (417), August 8th (junior second), Jin Lieutenant Liu Yu arrived in Tongguan, he appointed Zhu Chaoshi as the prince of Hedong, and ordered him and Zhenwu Xu Xuzhi to join Hebei and Xue Yi to attack Pu Han together. . After the Qin Plains, Yao Yao and Yao He both met the Jin army. Xu Xu lost his battle and Zhu Chaoshi fled back to Tongguan. Later Qin Dongping Gong Yao Zan (original <Yan Zan>) dispatched Sima Xiuzhi and Sima Guozhang, who were favored by Wei Zhu, to set off from Hanzhan (zhǐ) to Hanoi, lobbying the Northern Wei Army to attack and attack Liu Yu's rear.

Dongping Gong Yaozan learned that the Jin army was approaching Chang'an, and led his army from Dingcheng to Zhengcheng (now Huaxian, Shaanxi). Liu Yujun approached. Later, Qin Yao Yao Hong saw that Chang'an was in critical condition. He still had tens of thousands of troops and could fight against the Jin army. Then Yao Yaojun defended Weiqiao (North of Chang'an City), Hu Yidu defended Shiji (Northeast of Chang'an City), Yao Zanjun defended East (Bashui East Coast), and Yao Hong himself guarded Xiaoyaoyuan (Chang'an City West). On August 24, Yao Hong led his ministers and surrendered to the evil town of Wangzhen.

Doomed Northern Wei

After Liu Yu's death, Sima Xiuzhi, Sima Wensi, Sima Guoyi, Sima Daoci, Lu Gui, Han Yanzhi, Diao Yong, Wang Huilong, and Sun Wen 's grandsons, Tao Daozi, clan tribe, Dai, Chen Junyuan Yuan Shi, etc. Hundreds of people appealed to Sun Song, Northern Wei Situ's chief. More than a month later, Sima Xiu died on the way back to the army. The Northern Wei Dynasty reciprocated the enlistment of Western General and Doctor Guangyou Lu.

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