Chinese name: 赵匡胤
Alias: Xiang Haier, Zhao Jiuzhong
Place of Birth: Jiama Camp, Luoyang
Date of birth: March 21, 927 (Ding Hai)
Date of death: November 14, 976 AD
Representative works: "Early Day"
Temple number: Taizu
Song Taizu Zhao Kuangyin reigned for 16 years. During his reign, he strengthened centralization, promoted politicians' politics, and created a century of cultural prosperity in China. He was a wise and benevolent emperor and an outstanding figure in promoting historical development.
First, Song Taizu Zhao Kuangyin's greatest contribution and achievement in his life was to restore the reunification of the main areas of Huaxia, ending the 200-year vassal division and warlord war situation since the Anshi Rebellion . The war-torn people finally have a peaceful production and living environment, which has created good conditions for social progress, economic development, and cultural prosperity. In the history of our country, there are two veritable divisions, one was the Northern and Southern Dynasties , and the other was the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms . As the terminator of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms and the pioneer of the Great Song Dynasty, Zhao Kuangyin was an important figure in the history of our country. .
2. Governing the country by writing, Anbang by martial arts, and Song Taizu pursued the concept of "literate the country by writing" and resolutely implemented the basic national policy of "suppressing martial arts with righteousness." A series of major measures, such as knowing the good and being good at others, and supporting honesty and honesty, have become the most respected generation of rulers in the history of our country, completely reversing the dark situation of Wufu's monopoly since the end of the Tang Dynasty, making the culture of the Song Dynasty unprecedentedly prosperous, and even later It has the reputation of "Song Dynasty is a paradise for literati". Therefore, Song Taizu can also be called the terminator of the barbaric politics of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, and the pioneer of civilization and politics in later generations.
Third, Zhao Kuangyin adopts the three outlines of “collecting elite soldiers, depriving them of power, and controlling their money valleys”, cleverly “ releasing military power through glass of wine ”, “weakening the power of relatives”, “strike off the county”, “strong and weak”, “inside and outside” "Xianwei", "Every Three Years", "Setting the General Judgment ", "Sending System", etc., will firmly control military power, administrative power, judicial power, and financial power. In one fell swoop, the historical situation of Fanzhen's separatist regime of Wufu was leveled. Therefore, in the 300-year history of the Song Dynasty, no major civil unrest or local separatism occurred.
Fourth, the early Song Dynasty leadership group led by Song Taizu collectively worked hard and made great efforts to make the early Song Dynasty's socio-economic rapidly showing a gratifying situation. Song Taizu eased military service, taxed special revenues, ruled the country by law, built water conservancy, developed production, clarified public administration, advised farmers, and changed customs, etc., not only healed 200 years of war trauma as soon as possible, but also quickly pushed the Song Dynasty to an unprecedented level. The prosperity situation has appeared in the history of the prestigious "rule of Jianlong."
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