Chinese name: Sobza II
Foreign name: Sobhuza II
Nationality: Kingdom of Swaziland
Place of birth: Swazi Rambabane
Date of Birth: July 22, 1899
Died: August 21, 1982
Main achievement: King of Swaziland
Time in office: 82 years (1899.12.10-1982.8.21)
Sobhuza II (July 22, 1899-August 21, 1982), Swaziland's first king after independence, governed for 61 years. Is one of the longest rulers in the world. He has more than a hundred concubines and more than a thousand children. The death of Sobza II in August 1982 was regented by the queen Zelevi. In 1983, the "Royal Council" immediately established Prince Cossetteve as the Crown Prince, and the Crown Prince's mother, Entombi, was regent. On April 25, 1986, Crown Prince Marcosettiway ascended the throne and was called Mswati III.
In 1901, Sobza II was selected as the heir to the throne. In 1903, Swaziland became a British protectorate, and in 1907 it was the "High Commissioner's Territory" of South Africa. Sobza II returned to China after studying at Lovdal College in Cape Province, South Africa from 1916 to 1918. He ascended to the throne in 1921 as Ngwenyama (the king).
In December 1963, the British government ratified Swaziland's first constitution. In 1964, Sobza II founded the Inbokodvo National Movement based on the tribe. In February 1967, Swaziland promulgated an independent constitution. In April, the Inbokodvo National Movement, led by Swaziland's highest chief, Sobza II, won all 24 seats in parliamentary elections, forming an internal self-government government. Sobza II became King of Swaziland. On September 6, 1968, Swaziland officially declared its independence as a member of the Commonwealth.
In 1964, Sobza II founded the Inbokodvo National Movement based on the tribe. The group won in the 1967 general election and established an internal autonomous government. In 1968, Swaziland became independent and Sobza II became king and head of state. Since 1975 he has been Emeritus President of the Universities of Botswana and Swaziland. The government announced a new constitution in 1978, which further strengthened the king's power. In August 1982, Sobza II died of illness.
Born in 1899 in Mbabane. His father was former King Engvani V.
In 1901 he was selected as heir to the throne.
From 1916 to 1918 he studied at Lovdal College, Cape Province, South Africa.
He ascended to the throne in 1921 as Ngwenyama (the king).
In 1922, he led a delegation to Britain, demanding that the land occupied by European immigrants be returned, and it was only in 1937 that he obtained a concession right to buy or redistribute European-owned land from Britain. Later, the "green revolution" was launched to develop agricultural production.
Tribal-based Inbokodvo National Movement was created in 1964.
In 1967, the organization won the general election and established an internal self-government government.
In 1968, Swaziland became independent and served as king and head of state.
In April 1973, the Constitution was abolished, party activities were banned, and all administrative, legislative and judicial powers were taken over. A committee of Prime Ministers and Ministers assisted the King in governing.
The government announced a new constitution in 1978, which further strengthened the king's power.
He died in August 1982. Since 1975 he has been Emeritus President of the Universities of Botswana and Swaziland.
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