Chinese name: Wang Qihan
Nationality: Five Dynasties · South Tang
Place of birth: Jinling, Nanjing, Jiangsu today
Main Achievements: Painting of figures, religious paintings, painting of apes
Wang Qihan (10th century AD) [Five Dynasties · Southern Tang ] Jinling (now Nanjing, Jiangsu), the date of birth and death is unknown. Later host Li Yuchao (961-975) waited for the court Hanlin Picture Academy. Painting of figures, religious paintings of Buddhism and Taoism, as well as landscape, flowers and birds, is famous for painting apes. It is good for mountains, forests, hills, hidden rocks and valleys, without the style of the city, and its paintings are characterized by fine workmanship. At the end of Kaibao (976), wealthy businessman Liu Yuanzhang bought 16 paintings of Wang Qihan's "Rohan figure" at high prices, which was loaded into the Beijing Normal University (Kaifeng, Henan), and he was a monk in Xiangguo Temple. The monk refused to redeem it, and Liu litigated in the government. When Zhao Guangyi was appointed Yin of Kaifeng Mansion, he inspected his paintings, and when he saw them, he sighed with appreciation and left paintings to Liu.
On the 16th, Zhao Guangyi was the emperor (that is, Emperor Song Taizong and Zhao Xun), and his painting was named "Appropriate Arhat". "Xuanhe Painting Book" has recorded 119 pieces of works collected by the Imperial Palace, such as "Traditional Methodology" and "Three Religious Screens". The handed down works include the volume of "Kanshutu" (a "picking ears"), silk and color, with Song Huizong Zhao Yanshu's "Kanshutu" and "Wang Qihan's wonderful pen". Wang Yi and Shi Gongyi of the Jin Dynasty, Dong Qichang of the Ming Dynasty , Wen Zhenmeng and Qing Dynasty inscriptions and postscripts, now in Nanjing University; group fan of "He Ting Ying Xi Tu Tu", in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, USA. He is good at painting Buddhist figures, and he can also paint landscapes. His figure paintings inherit the Yu Xu of the Tang Dynasty , and have developed in techniques, styles and genres, and have their own style. In the history of painting, he said that he has thoughtfulness in painting Buddhist and Taoist characters, and is good at placing the painted characters in the background of mountains and forests without any tackiness.
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