Chinese name : 武 曌
Nationality : Chinese Tang Dynasty
Nationality : Han
Birth place : Lizhou
Date of Birth : Seven Years of Wu De (February 17, 624 AD)
Date of death : the first year of the Dragon (December 16, 705 AD)
Occupation : Emperor of Tang Dynasty , statesman
Belief : Buddhism
Main achievements : Abolition of the Tang Dynasty, changing the country name to Zhou
The only orthodox female emperor in Chinese history
Representative works : "Officials", "Ruyi Niang"
As the only female emperor in Chinese history, Wu Zetian formed a strong central power during the half-century rule, becoming the only orthodox female emperor in Chinese history.
As the only queen in China, Wu Zetian had social stability and economic development during his decades of rule. Wu Zetian inherited the " rule of chastity " and set about " opening up a prosperous world ", eradicating current malpractices, developing production, improving imperial examinations , and breaking the concept of gatekeepers. Appointing a single talent to follow the trend of history, it is difficult to compare the historical achievements of the drastic reforms. Historical achievements are outstanding. In economic terms, Wu Zetian put forward proposals such as thin-fu, convergence, and labor-saving in the "Twelve Suggestions" to protect agricultural time; in the half-century of his administration, social and economic development developed rapidly, and hukou increased significantly. Militaryly, the period and status of the Tang Dynasty were basically maintained during the period of Wu Zetian.
However, Wu Zetian also killed countless people throughout his life. A large number of important officials on the court were killed before and after he became emperor, which led to a period of chaos in the internal affairs and disturbance of the border. Secondly, in order to claim emperor worship of Buddhism , he overhauled temples and built large-scale Mingtang and heaven, which also increased the burden on the people. Because of the rumors of her resurgence in her later years, reuse of the cool officials Zhou Xing, Lai Junchen, etc., and the subsequent historians disdain her possession of a male concubine (known as the "male pet"), most of the history books greatly criticized her actions. Alas, he directly criticized his sinister, cruel, and good power, and together with the dictatorship of Emperor Wei during the Zhongzong period, collectively called the Wuwei chaos.
Mao Zedong's evaluation of it: Wu Zetian is indeed a talent for ruling the country. She has both the amount of people, the wisdom of others, and the skills of employing people. She has promoted and killed many people. There have been a lot of promotion and killing.
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