Real name: Ezekiel
Another name: God strengthens
Age: After the death
Ethnic group: Jewish
Main works: The Book of Ezekiel
Main achievement: Prophet
The priests and prophets when Israel was exiled to Babylon. Ezekiel is a descendant of the influential priest Zadok family (Eze. 1: 3). Although it is unknown whether he was a priest in Jerusalem, he may have grown up in Jerusalem and became familiar with the rituals of the temple. All we know about his life comes from Ezekiel in the Old Testament.
Ezekiel was a prophet in Israel's land, and he wrote the book of Ezekiel. The Hebrew word for Ezekiel means "God strengthens." Ezekiel is known as the father of Judaism.
Ezekiel was a prophet in the sixth century BC, and his work activities date from about 592-570 BC. At this time, the kingdom of Judah was facing the time of its final extinction and exile. Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, besieged Jerusalem in 597 BC, and took King Jehoiachin and his royal family and subjects to Babylon. The prophet Ezekiel was also among these complex captives. In the fifth year after his exile (BC, 592), he was called a prophet and has worked in Babylon for 22 years. The latest prophetic date in Ezekiel is BC 570 (Ezek. 29:17).
The prophet Ezekiel was settled in Babylon and part of the exiles by the river of Gabaru. The place is called "Tiryabe" and is one of the settlements of the captive Judah. The captive people experienced the pain of dying and destroying the temple. At this time, they were living in a foreign country, sitting by the river in Babylon, crying when they thought of Zion (Psalm 137). At this time, false prophets appeared and issued false prophecies saying that Babylon was about to perish during the captivity period (Jer. 28:11, 29: 8-10). Jeremiah and Ezekiel's grim, harsh predictions were far from popular. It was not until 586 BC that the prophet's prophecy about the demise of Jerusalem came true that the captive people's attitude toward the prophet changed. Although the prophet Ezekiel was taken captive in Babylon, he was concerned about the fate of his compatriots in Palestine and the holy city of Jerusalem. His speeches and predictions to the elders and the captives by the Babylonian River went far beyond Babylonian scourges, involving Palestine and Jerusalem as a whole.
Ezekiel's ministry began in 592 B.C.E. and continued into at least the twenty-seventh year of captivity (Ezekiel 29: 17 *), which can be divided into two important phases. In the first phase (592-587 B.C.), his message was prose-style discourse and symbolic action, he constantly warned, and tried to lead the exiles to repent and believe in God. In the second phase (586-570 BC), when Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple, the prophets turned to comfort the captives and encouraged them to look to the future (Ezekiel 33 to Ezekiel 4 Chapter 18). There was no prophet's message for 13 years, and that was from 585 BC (Eze 32: 1 *, Eze 32: 17 *, Eze 33: 21 *) to 572 BCE (Eze 40: 1 *) . When the Prophet learned of the fall of Jerusalem, he was in Babylon (Ezekiel 33: 2 *, Ezekiel 33: 22 *).
The theme of Ezekiel's message was to remind Judah that the time of judgment had come. His preparation for God's preaching can be seen in the book in which he ate the prophecy (Ezek. 2: 8 * to Ezek. 3: 3 *). His message was not accepted at first, but when his prophecy began to come true and the nation ’s idolatry was cleared, his prophecy was confirmed. Because it is believed that Ezekiel influenced Israel's future worship, he was called the "Father of Judaism." His greatest contribution to the worship life of the Jews after their exile was the foundation of the synagogue. His teaching emphasized that the laws of personal immortality, resurrection, and ceremonies were different from those of other prophets.
Ezekiel brought out his message in a vivid and dramatic symbolic action (eg Ezekiel 4: 1 * -8, Ezekiel 5: 1 * -17). His style is heavy and repetitive, but this expression is intended to complement his themes on apostasy and the trials that follow. No one knows where he died; Ezekiel has not appeared in other books of the Old Testament.
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