Chinese name: Zang Kejia
Alias: He used the name Zang Yuanwang, his pen name Shaoquan, He Jia
Place of birth: Zhucheng, Weifang, Shandong
Date of Birth: October 8, 1905
Died: February 5, 2004
Graduation: Ocean University of China, Shandong University
Main Achievement: Honorable Mention of the First Literary Periodical Editor of China Writers Association
Representative works: "Refugees", "Old Horses", "Imprint", "Some People" [in memory of Mr. Lu Xun ]
Daughter: Zang Xiaoping
Pronunciation: zāng kè jiā
Zang Kejia (October 8, 1905-February 5, 2004) is a famous poet, a native of Zhucheng, Weifang, Shandong. He used the name Zang Wangwang, his pen names Shaoquan and He Jia. National Shandong University (now China Ocean University, Shandong University) is a well-known alumni, a student of Wen Yiduo , a loyal patriot, and a former member of the China Democratic League. Second and third members of the National People's Congress, members of the fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth members of the CPPCC, standing members of the seventh and eighth members, members of the first and second members of the Chinese Writers Association, third members and consultants, Four-time advisor, fifth and sixth honorary vice chairman, third and fourth members of the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles, sixth and seventh honorary members, president of the Chinese Poetry Society.
Formerly the editor-in-chief of The Poetry Magazine, the first collection of poems was "Imprint", the main satirical poem collection "Baby", the collection of literary thesis "on the road to literary study." His short poem "Some People" has been widely extolled, and has been selected as the 20th lesson in the sixth volume of the People's Education Edition; "Say and Do-A Record of Mr. Wen Yiduo's Speech and Deeds" (with the consent of the author's textbook) Renamed: <Mr. Wen Yiduo's Talk and Do>, and the textbook was revised back to the original title in 2017) and was selected as the second lesson of the seventh grade book.
On October 8, 1905, he was born in Zhucheng, Shandong. Until the age of 18, he had been living in the countryside of the Jiaodong Peninsula.
In the summer of 1923, he was admitted to Jinan Provincial First Normal School and was influenced by the " May 4th Movement " that swept the country at that time, and began to write new poems.
In 1925, the first publication of the national publication "Yushi" was published in "Beijing and Tianyi", with a signature of Shaoquan.
In the autumn of 1926 (some say early 1927), he was admitted to the Central Military and Political School Wuhan Branch. He once participated in the Northern Expedition and joined the battle against Xia Douyin, and fled to the Northeast after failure.
In April of 1928, he married Wang Shenting.
In 1929, he enrolled in a cram school of Shandong University, and published the first new poem "Silent in the Evening Forest" in the " Republic of China " in Qingdao. On August 10, the eldest son Zang Leyuan was born in Jinan.
In 1930, he enrolled in the Chinese Department of National Qingdao University (predecessor of Shandong University and Ocean University of China, and changed to National Shandong University in 1931). While in school, the creation of new poems was encouraged and helped by Wen Yiduo and Wang Tongzhao.
In 1932, the first poem "Refugees" was published in "Crescent Moon", Volume 4, Issue 7, and "Old Horse", etc., describing the life of old Chinese farmers.
In 1933, his first collection of poems, "Imprint", was published, and was well received by Wen Yiduo and Mao Dun .
In 1934, he published a collection of poems "The Black Hand of Sin". He graduated from the Chinese Department of National Shandong University.
From 1934 to 1937, he taught at Linqing Middle School in Shandong Province. He published a collection of poems "The Canal" and a long poem "Portrait of Oneself", and created a collection of essays "Disorder Collection".
In 1936, he participated in the Chinese Artists Association and was one of the pioneers of Chinese realist new poetry.
In 1938, he participated in the All-China Literary and Art Circle Anti-enemy Association and was elected as a director of Xiangyang and Yichang Branches. At the beginning of the year, he divorced Wang Shenting.
From 1938 to the early summer of 1941, he served as the propaganda science instructor of the Anti-Enemy Youth Corps in the Fifth Theater, the secretary of the commander's office, a member of the cultural work committee, the head of the wartime cultural work group, and the 30th Army. At the risk of bombing by enemy planes, he went to the front line of Taierzhuang for three interviews and wrote a long-form report, "Jinpu North Line Blood War Records"; he led the wartime cultural working group in the fifth theater to the rural areas of Henan, Hubei, Anhui, and Dabie Mountains, Anti-Japanese literary and art propaganda and creative activities; he organized "literate artists to join the army"; went to the front line of Suizao to engage in anti-Japanese culture and propaganda work, and participated in the Suizao battle. During this period, he wrote and published poetry collections such as "From the Army March" and "Huai Shangyin", as well as prose collections "Travel with the Date", praising the deeds of the anti-Japanese military and civilians.
In the fall of 1941, he served as the 31st Army Counsellor, Deputy President and Acting President of Trinity Publishing House, preparing to publish the publication "Dadi Wen Cong", which was banned by the authorities after the publication.
He resigned in July 1942 and went to Chongqing on foot from Yexian County, Henan Province. In August, he married Dunman.
In April 1943, he was elected as an alternate director at the Fifth Annual Meeting of the All-China Literary and Art Circle Anti-enemy Association in Chongqing.
In the summer of 1943, he served as a commissioner of the Economic Commission and was responsible for editing the magazine "Difficult Child Rearing" until the fall of 1945.
In 1943, published a collection of memoir essays "My Poetry Life" and a poem "Songs of Dirt".
In 1944, "Selected Poems of the Decade" was published.
He has successively served as the editor-in-chief of Shanghai Qiaosheng Daily's literary supplement, Wenxun monthly, and Creation Poetry.
In December 1948, due to the severe white terror of the National Government in Shanghai, he fled to Hong Kong.
In March 1949, the organization of the Communist Party of China came to Peiping. Later he served as a researcher in the Literature Creation Research Office of the School of Literature and Art of North China University, the editor of the General Administration of Press and Publication, and the People's Publishing House, the editorial board of the Xinhua Monthly Newspaper, and the chief editor of the art column of the Xinhua Monthly Newspaper.
In July 1949, he attended the First National Congress of Chinese Literary and Art Workers and was elected as a member of the All-China Literary Workers Association.
In June 1951, he joined the China Democracy League and served as a member of the Central Committee of Culture and Education of the China Democratic League.
In 1954, the "Selected Poems of Zang Kejia" was published.
In 1956, he was transferred to the post of Secretary of the Chinese Writers Association.
From 1957 to 1965, he was the editor-in-chief of Poetry Magazine. After contacting him, the first issue of "Poetry" published eighteen poems by Mao Zedong.
In 1957, he and Zhou Zhenfu co-authored "An Explanation of Eighteen Poems of Chairman Mao" (later renamed "Annotation of Chairman Mao's Poems").
Persecuted in the "Cultural Revolution", stopped literary creation and social activities, and was decentralized to "May 7 Cadre School" in Xianning, Hubei.
In 1972, returned to Beijing.
In January 1976, "Poetry" was republished and served as a consultant and editorial board.
After the fall of the Gang of Four, Zang Kejia, who was more than a few years old, resumed his writing, and published a collection of poems such as "Recalling the Sun", "Luo Zhao Hong", and "Zang Kejia Old Style Poems"; "Huairenji", "Poem and Life" ; "The Poems on Learning Poems", "On the Poems of the Ke Family", "Appreciation of the Classical Poems and Poems of the Zang Ke Family" and other essays.
In April 1988, he won the honorary award of the first literary journal editor of the Chinese Writers Association.
In August 1990, Mao Zedong's Poetry Appreciation edited by him won the National Book Golden Key Award and the First Prize of the Fifth China Book Award.
In October 1991, he was awarded a special government allowance by the State Council.
In January 2000, he won the lifetime achievement award of the first "Xiaxin Cup Chinese Poet Award". In November, he won the "Lifelong Achievement Award of the First Dragon Culture Gold Award of the International Research Society of Yanhuang Culture".
In October 2002, he was awarded an honorary doctorate in humanities by the World Poets Congress and the World Academy of Arts and Culture. In December, he was awarded the "Chinese Contemporary Poetry Soul" Gold Award by the Seventh World Poetry International Pen Society; "The Complete Works of the Zang Ke Family" was released, with a total of 12 volumes and nearly 6.3 million words.
In December 2003, "The Complete Works of Zang Kejia" was nominated for the Sixth National Book Award.
At 20:35 on February 5, 2004, multiple organ failure caused by coronary heart disease and uremia died in Beijing at the age of 98 and was buried in the Overseas Chinese Cemetery in Beijing Wanfoyuan.
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