Chinese name: 张学思
Alias: Zhang Ye
Place of birth: Shenyang, Liaoning
Date of Birth: January 6, 1916
Died: May 29, 1970
Occupation: Soldier, Chief of Staff, Principal
Graduate school: Soviet Voroshilov Naval Academy
Major achievements: awarded the rank of major general in 1955
Deputy Chief of Staff
Father: Zhang Zuolin
Brother: Zhang Xueliang
Zhang Xuesi (1916-1970), a native of Haicheng, Liaoning. Born in Fengtian (now Shenyang). Feng is the fourth son of warlord chief Zhang Zuolin and brother of General Zhang Xueliang . Major General of the Chinese People's Liberation Army and former Chief of Staff of the Navy.
Zhang Xuesi has served as Chairman of the Liaoning Provincial Government, Commander of the Liaoning Military Region, Vice Chairman of the Northeast Administrative Committee and Director of the Liaodong Office. In 1955, he was awarded the rank of major general and served as chief of staff of the Navy. He was awarded the Class II Independent Freedom Medal and the Class I Liberation Medal.
In 1928 he attended Fengtian Tongze Middle School. At the beginning of 1931, he went to Peiping to study in Private Huiwen Middle School. After the September 18th Incident , he participated in the Anti-Japanese Salvation Campaign. He joined the Anti-Imperial Alliance in March 1933 and joined the Communist Party of China in April of the same year.  The party organization dispatched to the 67th Army Special Service Brigade of the Northeast Army in Langfang to perform military operations. In September 1933, he was introduced by the elder brother Zhang Xueliang into the tenth preparation class of Nanjing Central Military Academy. After the outbreak of the Xi'an Incident in December 1936, he was arrested by the Kuomintang authorities. He was released shortly to continue his studies. After graduating in early 1937, he served as the trainee platoon leader and captain's staff officer in the 53rd Army of the Northeast Army. Dispatched by the Communist Party of China, he has contacted the Northeast Army generals in Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuhan and other places to carry out activities in an effort to release Zhang Xueliang.
He went to Yan'an in October 1938 and later studied at the Marxist-Leninist College. In September 1939, he served as the captain of the Second Team (also known as the Northeast Cadre) of the Third Branch of the Anti-Japanese Military and Political University. In 1940 he led his team to the Jinchaji Anti-Japanese Base Area. Later he served as Chief of Staff of the Jizhong Military Command. Participated in the anti-sweep campaign in the spring and autumn of 1941 and the May 1st anti-sweep campaign in 1942 in Weizhong Zhangshi Village. In 1943, he served as Deputy Chief of Staff and Chief of Operations Section of the Jizhong Military Region and Chief of Staff of the Jinchaji Military Region. In 1944, he was transferred to the Chief of Staff, Deputy Commander and Chief of Staff of the Pingxi Military Division of the Jinchaji Military Region. The participating organizations directed the offensive of the spring and summer of 1945 in the Pingxi area.
After the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japan , he went to the northeast, where he served as chairman of the Liaoning Provincial Government, commander of the Liaoning Military Region, deputy chairman of the Northeast Administrative Committee, and director of the Liaodong Office. Participated in the struggle to establish and consolidate the South Manchurian base and battles such as the four guarantees of Linjiang.
From February 1946 to June 1948, he was President of Northeastern University (this Northeastern University was founded by the Communist Party in Benxi in 1946, and was renamed Northeast Normal University in 1950)
In April 1949, he was appointed to create a naval school and served as vice president of the Anton Naval School. In September of the same year, he attended the first plenary session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference as a military representative.
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Zhang Xuesi became the vice president and deputy political commissar of Dalian Naval School. In 1953 he was appointed Deputy Chief of Staff. He was awarded the rank of major general in 1955.
In 1956, in order to train higher-level naval generals, Zhang Xuesi was intended to study at the Soviet Voroshilov Naval Academy, but the Soviet Union objected that he was the son of the big warlord Zhang Zuolin and did not agree to accept him to study abroad. After Zhou Enlai learned, he immediately proposed to the Soviet side: Zhang Xuesi betrayed his family in his youth, pursued progress, risked his life in white terror, joined the Communist Party, and did a lot of work for the Party. He is an outstanding military cadre who has grown up and tested in the long-term struggle. Our party has always attached great importance to the cultivation of him. After Zhou Enlai explained that the Soviet Union agreed with China's decision. In 1958, Zhang Xuesi returned to China after graduating as the First Deputy Chief of Staff and Chief of Staff.
During the "Cultural Revolution", Lin Biao and his group arrested Zhang Xuesi and held him for "no need".
In 1970, Zhang Xuesi's condition deteriorated. When Zhou Enlai saw Zhang Xuesi's medical report, he immediately instructed: "To tell the hospital to try to rescue, if they are not strong enough, you can ask 301 or other hospitals to rescue them together." Zhou Enlai's instructions despite Reached the hospital with urgent documents. Although the hospital leaders and doctors conducted consultations in time and put forward various treatment opinions, due to the torture of Zhang Xuesi by Li Zuopeng's group, and their resistance and obstruction, it was still on June 29, 1970. Hate passed away.
After Zhang Xuesi was persecuted to death, Mao Zedong and Ye Jianying instructed to investigate it carefully so as to handle it properly. Zhou Enlai several times instructed to investigate the problem of persecution of Zhang Xuesi. After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party, the Central Military Commission and the Party Committee of the Navy gave Zhang Xuesi a complete vindication of Zhao Xue and restored his reputation.
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