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Zhang Zongyi

Zhang Zongyi (1924 ~ 2014)

Zhang Zongyi's Information

Chinese name: Zhang Zongyi

Foreign name: Zhang Zongyi

Alias: Six-year-old child

Nationality: Chinese

Nationality: Han

Place of birth: Daoxu Town, Shangyu District, Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province

Date of Birth: March 16th, 1924

Died: January 31, 2014

Occupation: Shaoxing Performing Artist

Main achievements: Former Dean of Zhejiang Shaoxing Theater

Representatives of the Third and Fourth National Cultural Congresses

Member of the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference

Representative works: "Sun Wukong Three dozen Bone Essence"

Blood type: O

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Zhang Zongyi -Shao Opera Performing Artist

Zhang Zongyi, born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang on March 16, 1924, is a six-year-old boy with stage name, and is a Shaoxing performance artist.

Wu Sheng, a professional worker, is famous for his role as Sun Wukong and is known as the "Southern Monkey King." " Journey to the West " plays the father of Liu Xiaoling . Zhang Zongyi was obsessed with social dramas when he was young, and stole teachers and learned arts while watching. However, after suffering injuries and "throwing his voice", Zhang Zongyi decided to transform and create the Shaoxi monkey show. He worshipped monkeys as a teacher and ended up in acting, and was praised by Chen Yi , Zhou Enlai, Mao Zedong and others. In 1987, "Zong Wukong Makes a Difference", edited, directed and starred by Zhang Zongyi, won the honorary prize of Zhejiang Province's third post-drama festival. He was a member of the Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth National Committees of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the former Dean of Zhejiang Shaoxing Theater, a representative of the Third and Fourth National Cultural Congresses, and an expert on government special allowances of the State Council.

On January 31, 2014 (the first day of the first lunar month) Zhang Zongyi died of illness in Shaoxing, Zhejiang, at the age of 89.

Biographies

Liu Lingtong was originally named Zhang Zongyi, born in Shaoxing, born in 1924. He is the father of Liu Xiaoling and plays the role of Sun Wukong in The Journey to the West.

Zhang Zongyi (six-year-old boy) started his career at the age of six and performed on stage at the age of twelve. He specializes in martial arts, and is particularly good at monkey opera. He has a good reputation in the opera industry. He is one of the representative figures of Shao opera, and he also created the Southern School of monkey life. The style has the reputation of "Southern Monkey King".

Zhang Zongyi's masterpieces include "Sun Wukong's Pingdingshan", "Sun Wukong's Three Hits of Bone Essence ", "Mountain of Fire", and "Sun Wukong's Hits of Qiankun". Among them, "Sun Wukong's Three Hits of Bone Essence " is the most famous. High praise was given to Mao Zedong and Guo Moruo who wrote poems for him. The "Golden Monkey rises to a great stick" written by Mao Zedong was distributed to 72 countries and regions, and it also had a great impact internationally.

According to media reports, before the illness, Zhang Zongyi "woke up every morning to get down and eat two buns for breakfast. He loves meat and also drinks Shaoxing old wine." Basically all Shaoxue Wusheng actors will still come to Zhang Zongyi for advice. In an interview in 2012, he was almost 90 years old and he played a few monkey shows from time to time, with clever eyes, making everyone laugh.

In addition to Zhang Zongyi and Zhang Jinlai (six young children), the "Monkey King Father and Son", the Zhang family is actually the monkey king family, and has four generations of monkey kings. Zhang Zongyi's grandfather Zhang Tingchun was a "living monkey chapter", and his father Zhang Yisheng was a "living monkey". He and his brother successively entered the stage at the age of 6 and 7 and became "six-year-old children" and "seven-year-old children." Zhang Zongyi had 11 children, and all of them played little monkeys. Among them, the second son “ Little Six-year-old Child ” played the rhesus monkey, which had been loved by Zhou Enlai, but died prematurely due to leukemia. Because of "Journey to the West", Zhang Jinlai's "six young children" is the youngest son of Zhang Zongyi.

The famous Shaoxing performance artist Liu Lingtong died in Shaoxing at 90:25 on January 31, 2014 at the age of 90.

First performance

Zhang Zongyi liked to watch social dramas when he was a child. Even if he took a boat to watch a drama that almost caused the death of the ship, it would not stop him. Because of the fascination of watching a theater, his studies gradually became deserted. When Zhang Zongyi became fascinated with the drama, his elder brother Zhang Zongxin 7-year-old boy has begun to star in the role of Lao Sheng in Shanghai Laozha Theatre, known as "Prodigy Lao Sheng". Because of his brother, Zhang Zongyi also wanted to perform on the stage like his brother. The family didn't want Zhang Zongyi to learn the drama, but in the end he could not beat him, so he took him to Shanghai.

After Zhang Zongyi arrived in Shanghai, he became a special audience at the Laozha Grand Theater. He always arrived first and left last. When watching a show, always stand on the edge of the stage. People and the stage are generally high, so watch carefully there. However, at the time, the status of the actor was low and he was a "drama". The old saying "the actor is meaningless" is a curse. Whenever there are other ways of living, children will not be allowed to learn drama. Because of this, Zhang Zongyi has almost no chance to take office.

But Zhang Zongxin and Zhang Zongyi are better. He very much hopes that there is a companion on the stage, so he continues to lobby his parents. In the end, Zhang Zongyi's parents agreed that Zhang Zongyi would play the role of " Little Overlord " in "The King Is Born". After "The King Was Born", Zhang Zongyi became a child star in Shaoxing's class.

When naming Zhang Zongyi, because Zhang Zongxin ’s 7-year-old boy ’s nickname (seven-year-old performing on stage) was already very loud, another brother came, and this was very new. A printing worker did not want to, and gave Zhang Zong the spot. Yi took the stage name of "Six-year-old boy".

Learn from one another

Since Zhang Zongyi was not invited by his family at home, he secretly found Wu Yuelou, the famous martial arts student in the theater, and wanted to learn from the teacher. However, because he was the child of the class leader, he did not dare to act rashly without the head nodding, otherwise he would not be able to explain in case of a broken arm and leg, so he did not dare to accept it.

However, Zhang Zongxin specially invited a Shandong martial arts master to teach martial arts, and Zhang Zongxin secretly asked Zhang Zongyi to learn together. Later Zhang Zongyi also made a lot of small ticket friends. The little fanciers often gathered to learn drama. During the discussion with the little fanciers, Zhang Zongyi also gradually learned the traditional opera such as the sword out of the sheath and the fly fork.

In the next six or seven years, Zhang Zongyi used his excellent performance to exchange the brand at the gate of Laozha Grand Theater— “Six-year-old boy” with only a few chances on the stage. A "culture and martial arts sing as two sides", the second side is the second ugly (a character with a higher identity than a clown but a worse character than a clown).

Monkey play Xiaocheng

There was an accident while playing "The Lion House", which caused a comminuted fracture. Not long after the injury, in 1940 Zhang Zongyi suddenly encountered a "lost voice" ("lost voice" refers to a drama actor's voice changing during adolescence). Although his throat was "down", Zhang Zongyi had his own idea: if you can't do what you want, you can fight. So Zhang Zongyi often watched Gai's performance called Father and Son. In addition to feasting on his eyes, Zhang Zongyi decided to play Sun Wukong and start a monkey drama in Shaoxing!

At that time, as part of the Peking Opera repertoire, the monkey drama Wukong opera was already familiar to a large audience. At the same time, the Northern and Southern factions with very different styles were formed. The representative of the North faction is Yang Xiaolou , and others include Hao Zhenji, Li Wanchun, Li Shaochun, etc. The representative of the Southern faction is Zheng Faxiang, Gai Jiaotian, and Zhang Yipeng. In addition to Peking Opera, he also watched many kinds of monkey plays such as Kun Opera, Nuo Opera and Shanghai Opera. Bringing together a hundred schools in this way to gain insights from others, he gradually got his own opinion on Sun Wukong.

In order to perform a good monkey show and practice the basic skills, Zhang Zongyi gradually learned the famous traditional martial arts such as "Night Run", "Flower Butterfly", "Fu Zidu", "Pick the Pulley", "War Horse Super " and " Zhou Yu Return to Heaven" Laid the foundation for his future monkey play.

Performing arts

When Zhang Zongyi asked his fans for their opinions after the first performance, the fans said, "Six-year-old boy's Sun Wukong is like a little wool monkey." So Zhang Zongyi soon raised a little monkey and lived with him all day long. Acting in this way, learning now, selling now, from "Monkey King Born", "Piaohai Xueyi" all the way to " Big Trouble in Heaven ", the more and more fierce, he played Sun Wukong finally became a family, with The title of "Southern Monkey King".

After liberation, after a series of literary and artistic reforms, the Tongchun stage also changed to Zhejiang Shaoxing Opera Troupe, and the address also moved from Shanghai to Zhejiang. Zhang Zongyi served as the head of Zhejiang Shaoxing Opera Troupe. They participated in various opera performances and won awards and honors.

In August 1956, Vice Premier Chen Yi accompanied Indonesian President Sukarno to watch "Sun Wukong Makes a Big Deal" starring Zhang Zongyi. Chen Yi watched the show and greatly appreciated it.

On December 17, 1957, Premier Zhou Enlai watched for the first time in the Sino-Soviet Friendship Building in Shanghai, "Sun Wukong's Havoc in Heaven". After reading, the Prime Minister met Zhang Zongyi and said that the foreign guests were very satisfied.

Cultural Revolution Experience

In 1966, the "Cultural Revolution" Zhang Zongyi was divided into capitalist, rightist, big drama, reactionary academic authority and counter-revolutionary revisionists. The Red Guards quarantined him and deprived him of his right to the stage. Zhang Zongyi suffered beatings, fights, and toured the streets. He was finally dispatched to the countryside to undergo labor reform. After the labor reform, he underwent supervision and reform at the regiment headquarters. The task was to load trucks and get out of the cooking room.

In the autumn of 1971, Mao Zedong visited South Hangzhou and instructed to end Zhang Zongyi's transformation. But they also gave him a hoop spell-in the theater can only pull the curtain as a prop. This tight curse was not officially lifted until the end of the Cultural Revolution.

In 1974, Zhejiang Shaoxing Opera Troupe went to the army to perform a sympathy. In the face of the cordial invitation of officers and soldiers of Zhoushan Army, Zhang Zongyi suffered from pleurisy and performed the martial arts of "White Water Beach" in Shaoxing. This is the first time he has appeared on the stage since the start of the Cultural Revolution at the age of 52. After re-entering the stage of the opera, Zhang Zongyi's most important repertoire was the Shaoxi monkey play "Flame Mountain" ("Three Borrowing Banana Fans"). This play was originally adapted and performed by Zhang Zongyi and his brother Zhang Zongxin. Beginning in 1979, the Zhejiang Shaoxing Opera Troupe, headed by Zhang Zongyi, put it back on the stage and won the first drama festival in Zhejiang Province in 1983. Outstanding Performance Award. Later, director of Shanghai Film Studio Yu Zhongying intended to bring this stage play to the screen, but it failed for various reasons in the end. This was a great regret for Zhang Zongyi's life.

Old life

On July 20, 2012, Qianjiang Evening News interviewed an elderly man, Zhang Zongyi, who was nearly ninety years old.

During the interview, the six-year-old played a few monkey plays from time to time, tickling and looking around, cheeks and noses twitched together when he was sad, his eyes lighted up when he was happy, and the sound of monkeys "giggle".

Six-year-old Tong introduced that when he was over, his body was not as good as before, and he worked hard in performing. Although he was 88 years old in 2012, he did not forget everything about the "monkey". Zhang Zongyi also hopes to set up a "Six-year-old Children's Art Museum" so that the spirit of the Monkey King family can be passed on. If given the opportunity, he would like to perform on stage again. Some people can't come down as soon as they come to power, but Zhang Zongyi knows he can act.

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