Real name: Zhen Ye
Alias: Mrs. Zhen, Princess Zhen, Queen Wen Zhao
Age: Eastern Han → Cao Wei
Ethnic group: Han nationality
Place of birth: Zhongshan Wuji (now Wuji County, Hebei Province)
Birth: January 26, 183 AD
Died: August 4, 221 AD
Main works: "Up the Pond"
Title: Queen Wen Zhao
Mausoleum: Chaoyang Mausoleum
Children: Cao Rui , Princess Dongxiang
Zhen Ji (Queen Cao Yan ) generally refers to Empress Wen Zhao Zhen (January 26, 183-August 4, 221). Her name is unknown, but it is said to be Zhen Ye, but there is no record. History called Mrs. Zhen. Zhongshan Wuji (now Wuji County, Hebei Province), daughter of Shang Cailing Zhen Yi. The wife of Emperor Wei Wen Cao Yu and the biological mother of Emperor Wei Ming Cao Rui .
Zhen's father died at the age of three. In the middle of Jian'an, Yuan Shao was the wife of second son Yuan Xina. In the four years of Jian'an (199), Yuan Xi became the prince of Youzhou, and Zhen stayed in Jizhou to serve Yuan Shao's wife Liu . In the 9th year of Jian'an (204 years), Cao Cao led the army to capture Wucheng. Because of his beautiful appearance, Zhen was favored by Cao Yu. He was very much loved and gave birth to his son Cao Rui and his daughter Cao (the princess of Dongxiang). In the first year of Yankang (220 years), Cao Yu succeeded King Wei and led his army to the south in June. Zhen was left in Wucheng. In the first year of the early Huang Dynasty (220 years), Cao Yong became the emperor, and Shanyanggong Liu Xiejin presented the second daughter to Cao Dai's concubine. The harem was the Queen of Chinese Deguo. Both Li Guiren and Yin Guiren were favored. In words, Cao Yu was furious. In June of the second year of Huang Chu (221), he sent the envoy to death, and was buried in Yuncheng. In May of the seventh year of Huangchu (226 years), Cao Yu was seriously ill, and Li Zhen's son, Plain King Cao Rui, became the prince. After Cao Rui's ascension, he pursued the Emperor Zhen Zhao and said to Empress Wen Zhao. In the four years of Taihe Xin Weiri (February 17, 231), Emperor Cao Rui buried Zhen in the Chaoyang Tomb.
Empress Wen Zhao was born on January 26, 183 (Guanghe December, Ding Yi), Zhongshan Wuji (now Wuji County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province), a descendant of Han Taibao Zhenhan. Zhen Han's father-in-law Boshan Hou Kong Guang is the fourteenth-generation grandson of Confucius , the son of Confucius , the prince, the general, the prime minister, the prince, and the prince. He was the assistant minister of the four dynasties. Gordian minister, revered by Empress Dowager Wang Zhengjun , Emperor Han Cheng and Emperor Han Ai , was later appointed as the teacher of Emperor Han Ping in the capacity of world famous Confucian. As a result, Zhen Hanhe's sons and daughters of the clan joined the DPRK as officials, and because of their talents, they received the reliance of king Wang Mang . Zhen Feng was promoted from a local official to a minister in the palace, and then he was also a grand official, and was honored by Guangyanghou and Guangxingong; Zhenhan officials worshiped Dasima, and he was honored by Chengyanghou and Chengxingong, and then he became a great Han Taibao, in charge of the military power of the world; Zhen Feng's son Zhen Xun Ren Shizhong, Jing Zhaoyin; Zhen Xin is Guang Luxun, known as "Four Zhens", and became a nobleman in the North Korea. The powerful and hopeful people in Zhongshan have inherited the ranks of county guards in the county for two thousand years.
Zhen's father, Zhen Yi, once served as Cai Ling. His mother, Zhang , was born in Changshan and had three sons and five daughters. The eldest son, Zhen Yu, died early. Liang Ling, three men Zhen Yao also gave filial piety; Zhen's four other sisters, named Jiang, Tuo, Tao, Rong.
Every night when Zhen Shi went to bed, the family put a Buddha and saw someone covering her with a jade, which was very strange to everyone. When Zhen was three years old, his father Zhen Yi passed away. The young Zhen was very sad because he thought about his father crying. This kind of early wisdom made the people in and around the house feel that she was different. Later, Liu Xiang, the other son of Zhen Yi and Zhen Yi, looked at him. Liu Liang pointed at Zhen Shi and said, "This girl will be expensive in the future." When she was eight years old, there were people performing acrobatics on the horse outside the yard. Zhen's family and several sisters went to the attic to watch. Only she didn't go. Several sisters were weird and questioned her. Zhen said, "Isn't this Is it a girl who reads? "Zhen Shi was very fond of reading when she was nine years old, and she knew it well. As long as she read the articles, she could immediately comprehend it. She also used her brother's pen to write many times. The brother laughed at her and said," Women should study women workers. What's the use of studying? Do you want to be a female doctor (official name) in the future? "Zhen replied:" In the ancient times, a virtuous woman must learn from the successes and failures of her predecessors. Caution yourself. If you don't read books, what can you learn from them? "
In the end of the Han Dynasty, the world was in chaos and the famines continued for years, and the people sold their valuable things in their homes to survive. At that time, the Zhen family had a large grain reserve and took the opportunity to buy a lot of gold and silver treasures. Zhen was only a teenager at the time, and when she saw this, she said to her mother, "It is not a good policy to seek treasure in troubled times, and the husband is not guilty and guilty of guilt. This is the so-called loss of money. Now many people are here . In hunger, it is better to open the grain in the home to help the neighbors in the Quartet. This is a virtue that benefits everyone. "The whole family thought she was justified and distributed all the food in the house to the neighbors.
At the age of fourteen, the second brother Zhenye passed away. Zhenshi was very sad. He treated her widow with respect and humility. She always helped her to take care of her family. She also took care of her children and loved her. Zhen's mother has a severe personality, and often requires strict rules to ask her daughter-in-law. Zhen Shi persuaded her mother several times: "The second brother is unfortunately early, and the second wife is widowhood at a young age. He still has to take care of the remaining children, although she is a child. Daughter-in-law, but she should take care of her like her own daughter. "The mother was moved to tears after hearing Zhen's words, and then she allowed Zhen and Eryi to move around frequently, living and living together, and the relationship was very close.
During the Jian'an period, Yuan Shao hired Zhen's wife for his second son Yuan Xi. In the three years of Jian'an (199), Yuan Shao defeated Gongsun Yun and appointed Zhen's husband Yuan Xi as the history of Youzhou Assassin. Zhen stayed in Yuncheng. Serve mother-in-law Liu's.
In 204 AD (in the 9th year of Jian'an), the city of Jizhou was broken by Cao Cao, and Zhen's was accepted by Cao Cao, the son of Cao Cao. At that time, there was a saying: Cao Cao attacked his uncle, and Cao Yu advanced to Yuanfu. When he saw a young woman with a shaved hair, her face was dirty, and she cried behind Mrs. Liu. Cao Yu asked who she was, and Mrs. Liu replied: "It is Yuan Xi's wife. Then Cao Yong helped her put her hair up, wiped her face with a towel, and found her beautiful. Later, Mrs. Liu said to Zhenshi, "Don't worry about being killed now!" Another said: Mrs. Liu and Zhen were sitting together in the lobby. Cao Yong entered Yuan's Mansion and saw Mrs. Liu and Zhen's. Because of her fear, Zhen's head fell on Mrs. Liu's lap. Mrs. Liu made her tie her hands. Cao Yong asked: "Why does Mrs. Liu do this? Ask your daughter-in-law to raise her head." Mrs. Liu picked up Zhen's and asked her to look up. When Cao Yue saw her extraordinary beauty, she pleased her. Cao Cao heard Cao Yong's thoughts, and married him. After marrying Cao Yong, the Zhen family was petted, and had been in the room for several years, giving birth to his son Cao Rui and his daughter Cao (Princess Dongxiang).
Zhen's advised Cao Yu's pets to encourage them to work hard, and comforted and enlightened those who did not have pets. They often persuaded Cao Yu at leisure banquets and said, "In the ancient times, the emperor Huang prospered because of his wife and children. It is necessary to have a good and beautiful woman in order to make the son-in-law prosperous. "Cao Yu heard it very well. Later, Cao Yu wanted to expel Ren , and Zhen asked Cao Yu to say, "Ren is a township celebrity. I can't match him regardless of morality and beauty. Why should he send her away?" Cao Yu said: "Ren's temper is impatient, Not gentle, she hated me not once before, so she sent her. "Zhen cried and insisted:" I respect your respect. Everyone knows that I will definitely guess that Ren was deported because of mine. For the sake of going up, the in-laws will say that I am selfish, and going down will be guilty of petting. I hope you can reconsider! "Cao Yu refused to listen and insisted on removing Ren.
In the 13th year of Jian'an (208 years), Cao Cao's beloved son Cao Chong died. Cao Cao reciprocated him as a captain and hired the dead daughter of the Zhen family as a consort. He married Cao Chongming and was buried. .
In July of the sixteenth year of Jian'an (211 years), Cao Cao went on a westward expedition, and the accompanying wife Mrs. Xuan stayed sick in Mengjin on the way, and Cao Yu and Zhen's left behind in the city. At that time, Mrs. Xun's body was embracing. Zhen couldn't take care of the greetings in time. She was too anxious to sleep and eat and often cried secretly. The next person told her that Mrs. Pu was ill, and Zhen still did n’t believe, saying, "Mrs. is at home, the old fault is often committed, and it takes a long time to heal each time. How good and fast this time? You must be trying to comfort me . "So more worried. Later, Mrs. Chen wrote back, saying that her body had recovered, and Zhen was relieved.
On the first month of the seventeenth year of Jian'an (212 years), the army returned, and the Zhen family went to greet them. When they saw Mrs. Xie, they were full of sadness and joy, and everyone around them was moved. Seeing Zhen's concern for herself so much, Mrs. Xie couldn't help crying, and said, "Did my daughter-in-law fear that I would get sick again and again like I did last time? I was just a little uncomfortable. Alright. You look good on me. "Then sighed," What a filial daughter-in-law! "
During the Han and Wei dynasties, housewife worship was a custom of hospitality. When Cao Yu was a son, he once banqueted all literary officials and ordered his wife Zhen to worship. At the time, Wu Zhi and Liu Ye were sitting together. Other guests bowed down to Zhen's salute. After hearing that, Cao Cao severely punished Liu Xun, and initially sentenced him to death. He was later exempted from serving as a hardworking millstone. Wu Zhi was also implicated and degraded to be the leader of Chaoge, and later moved to Yuancheng. .
In the 21st year of Jian'an (216 years), Cao Cao Dong conquered Sun Quan , and Mrs. Pu, Cao Pi, Cao Rui, and Princess Dongxiang all followed. At that time, Zhen stayed in Wucheng because of illness. In September of the 22nd year of Jian'an (217), when the army returned to Wucheng, Mrs. Wu ’s left and right servants saw Zhen ’s face more than ever before, and asked her strangely: “Madam, you have been separated from the two children for so long. Do n’t you miss them, but you look so good, why? ”Zhen answered with a smile:“ Cao Rui and Princess Dongxiang are taking care of Mrs. Xun, what else can I worry about. ”
In the first month of 220 AD (the first year of Yankang), Cao Yong was the throne, and Cao Rui was named Wu Dehou. In June, he led a military expedition to the south and Zhen stayed in Tancheng. In October, Emperor Han Xian gave his throne to Cao Yu. After the retreat, Liu Xie, who abdicated as Shanyang Gong, assigned two daughters Xu to Cao Yu as concubine. In addition, Guo Guixu and Li and Yin were nodded at the same time.
In June 221 (second year of the first year of Huang Chu), Cao Yu sent his emissary to death Zhen and was buried in Wucheng. " Three Kingdoms" records that Zhen Hou's death was favored by Guo Hou. Emperor Wen asked Zhou Xuan , "I dreamed that two tiles on the palace fell down and turned into double 鸳鸯. What is the sign?" Zhou Xuan said: "I am afraid that someone will violently die in the harem." Cao said: "I mean I'm lying to you. "Zhou Xuan said," Dreaming is a matter of thought. If you can describe it, you can divinate it. "Before the words were finished, Huang Menling came to report that the harem Some people killed each other. Soon after, Cao Yong asked Zhou Xuan again: "I dreamed of a green smoke rising to the sky yesterday." Zhou Xuan said: "I'm afraid there will be an expensive woman died unjustly." At that time, Cao Yong had sent someone to Mrs Zhen The death-enclosing scripture was regrettable after hearing Zhou Xuan's words, so he sent someone to chase the messenger. Unfortunately, it was too late.
"Wei Lue" records that Guo Guixun went into harm of Zhen's family, and entrusted Cao Rui to Cao's another concubine, Li's , before Zhen's death. When Cao Rui succeeded to the throne, she asked her queen mother several times about her death, and the queen mother was worried about the crash. At this time, Li explained to the emperor that Zhen was killed by Guo's structure, and the emperor was mourning, causing people to be buried. The Queen Mother Guo.
"Han Jin Chun Qiu" and "Zi Zhi Tong Jian" recorded that Zhen died because of Guo's favor. After death, she was covered, and her soul had no place to appeal. After Emperor Ming succeeded to the throne, he felt resentment in his heart and cried several times to ask his mother for his death. Queen Mother said, "Your mother was killed by the emperor, why do you blame me? You should blame your father. Besides, as a son of man, why? Could it be because his biological mother killed his stepmother? "Emperor Ming heard the anger, so he forced to kill Queen Mother Guo, and his death was tragic.
According to the "Book of Wei", in the first year of Huang Chu (221), Cao Yu ascended to the throne, the minister asked Li Zhen to be the queen, and Cao Yu released a posthumous scripture, but Zhen said on the table: "I heard that the previous dynasty thrived It is not because of the queen's concubine that the national concubine can be extended. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully choose its candidate to promote the imperialization of the palace. His Majesty's first ascended the throne, he should choose a virtuous person to manage the harem. It is ugly, can not bear this heavy task, and has been ill for a long time, dare to keep Weizhi. "After the Xi book was set up three times, Zhen Shi resigned three times, his words were very sincere. It was midsummer, and the emperor hoped to wait until the autumn was cold. Later Zhen became seriously ill, and in June Ding Yun died in Tancheng. The emperor sighed in sorrow and gave back the emperor's seal.
However, Wei Shu's claims were not agreed by historians of all ages. When Pei Songzhi commented on The Romance of the Three Kingdoms , he believed that the editors of Wei Shu used history to cover the truth when writing history. The Emperor Wen did not establish Zhen as the queen, but killed her. The editors and authorities of Wei Shu should hide it if they think it is a big evil, and if they think it is a minor thing, they should not fake it. To put it this way, the use of false language to decorate Taiping has reached such a point that it has never been seen before in historical books. In this sense, the good words and deeds of Ji Hou and Zhen Hou in Wei Shu are difficult to tell, and Chen Shou should have deleted them.
Lu Yan wrote in "The Collection of Three Kingdoms": "Zi Zhi Tong Jian" said that Ding Yan, his wife Zhen Shi died. When Cao Cao broke into Wucheng, Wen Di saw Yuan Xi's wife Zhongshan Zhen's beautiful and pleased her. Cao Cao hired Wen Di as his wife and had a son Cao Rui. When Emperor Wen was ascended, Anping Guo Guizhen won the favor, and Mrs Zhen remained in Lucheng but was disappointed and complained. Guo Gui was stunned by Emperor Wen, who was furious. In June Ding Yan, sent the envoy to Madam Zhen. The three provinces of Hu said: When Emperor Ming reigned, Queen Mother Guo died of fear. However, Cao Rui was seventeen years old when Zhen was given the death in the second year of Huang Chu. Couldn't he know what happened to his mother when he died, and wait for others to say? "Wei Lue" and "Han Jin Spring and Autumn" recorded, Guo Guizhang's entry into Cao Jing caused Zhen's death, and Cao Rui forced Queen Mother to kill. He Yan also said: But after she died, she was still treated by the clan and contradicted each other, so Chen Shou refused to say anything. However, Chen Shou did not take into account that after the death of Empress Mao , her family was also added to the ranks, and the people were promoted according to the ritual law, and they were given official positions. Therefore, the mind of Cao's people was cruel and fraudulent. It cannot be taken for granted by common sense. Lu Yan also commented: Wendi was the 16th year of Jian'an in Wu'an and the 9th year of Jian'an in Pingding City. The statement in Zizhi Tongjian was wrong because it continued the use of Shishu Xinyu . word.
The "Three Kingdoms Collection" states that the death of Zhen Hou was due to the advancement of Guo Guiyu to the Emperor Wen. The "Three Kingdoms · Wen Zhaozhen Empress" biography said "send envoys to death", so use "died" instead of "collapse" "To describe. The other queens died with "Beng", which was used to mourn Empress Mao for death, and "Pu", so the record in Wei Shu is not credible. The cause of Zhen Hou ’s death is only stated in the history books as “post-frustration and complaints”. However, referring to the situation before and after, there are several reasons below, which are justified by this. According to the "New Talks in the World", Cao Cao attacked Zhencheng and wanted to call on Zhen, but everyone around him said that Cao Cao had already taken the lead and Cao Cao had "This year the thief is a slave". Prince Edward, it may be because of this. In "Hou Guozhuan", "The Emperor Wen was determined to be a concubine, and he had a plan." When Cao Yu later ascended the throne, he became angry with Zhen because of the incident and favored Guo Guiyu. In addition, Emperor Ming died at the age of 36. About Suspected that he was the flesh and blood left by Yuan's family, it was not groundless. Wendi killed his mother and left his son in order to destroy his mouth. "Three Kingdoms" quoted the dialogue between Emperor Wen and Cao Rui about "Doe and Doe" in "The End of Wei", which is very interesting.
In general, the truth of this palace secret is hidden in many mysteries. It is difficult to see the beginning of the founding of the Wei Dynasty. The things involved are really bizarre. People who read history ca n’t help but push it. Find out why.
Behind the scenes
In the seventh year of Huang Chu (226), Zhen's son Wei Ming Emperor Cao Rui came to the throne, admiring Zhen as Queen Wen Zhao.
The officials in charge of the ritual and music sacrifice were invited by the Ming Dynasty, so the Emperor Ming sent Skong Wang Lang to hold a festival to sacrifice to the tomb of Zhen Hou, and built a sleeping temple for her. In April of the first year of Taihe, Emperor Ming established an ancestral temple in Luoyang, and a jade seal was dug out from the ground during construction. This jade seal is an inch and a square, and it bears the words "Heavenly envy and kindness". Emperor Ming empathizes with the seal, so he prepares animal sacrifices to the ancestral temple. Since then Emperor Ming dreamed of his mother many times, and Yi Fa increased his feelings for his mother. Therefore, the Zhu Xi's family was appointed according to the order of dismissal, and the rewards reached a total of 10,000 yuan, and the Zhen image was promoted to be a tiger general.
In March of the first year of Taihe (227), Cao Rui pursued Zhen's father Zhen Yi with a thousand households in Ancheng Township, Weichang County, Zhongshan, and renamed Ancheng Township. His grandson Zhen inherited the title.
In the fourth year of Taihe (230), Zhen's mother awaits the death of his wife Zhang, Tai Chang Han Jishang said: Heavenly Son should not serve the grandmother. Shang Shu said: "There was no ritual law for the grandparents in the Han Dynasty ." Zhao Shu and other Qi Shu said: "Condolence to pay respect to your wife, you need to open the curtain to the left of the door. He Jinxian crowned and cried fifteen times. "The Emperor Ming repeatedly asked the minister what the old ceremony was like. Sanqi often served Miao attacked Edong Han and Empress Deng's father Xinye Jun, and Emperor Guangwu Liu Xi's Ji Gonghou. Fan Hong as an example. Emperor Ming agreed to say, "It should be based on Zhou Li." So Emperor Pi Ma Dai Xiao personally attended the grandmother's funeral, and accompanied all the Chinese military hundred officials to the funeral. In November of the same year, Emperor Ming felt that the tomb of his mother Zhen Hou's tomb was too low, and he appointed Zhen Xiang as a part-time lieutenant, holding the emperor's scepter to Wucheng, sacrificing the earth god, and burying the Empress Zhen at the Chaoyang Mausoleum. After completing the mission and returning to the DPRK, Zhen Xiang was promoted to Sanqi Changshi.
In the spring of the second year of Qinglong (234), Zhen Xun, the brother of Emperor Ming, pursued Zhen Hou as Muhou in Ancheng Township. In the summer, the Soochow Army invaded Yangzhou, Ming Emperor appointed Zhen Zhen as General Fu Bo, and held the festival on his behalf. After the war, Zhen was re-appointed as the sound captain. Qinglong died in 235 years, and returned to General Wei, and renamed Weichang County. His nickname was Zhenhou of Weichang County. Son Zhen Chang inherited his title. Zhen Chang's younger brothers Zhen Wen, Zhen Yan, and Zhen Yan are all listed.
In the early summer of the first year of King Jing (237), the officials in charge of ritual and music sacrifice in the Central Government agreed on the order of the seven ancestral temples and worshiped the ancestors and ancestors. In winter, they asked the Emperor Ming to say: Now the emperor has built a sleeping temple for Empress Wen Zhao, just like the ginger temple built by the Zhou people. However, the emperor did not explicitly issue a decree to declare that Empress Wen Zhao ’s sleeping temple will always enjoy sacrifice and protection, so if you talk about Empress Zhen's merit and reward the birth of the mother and deity, the emperor will leave you regret in history. Future generations ca n’t fully appreciate your loyalty and filial piety! The courtiers have asked the emperor ’s grace, and the sleeping temple of Empress Wen Zhao should enjoy sacrifices from generation to generation, and enjoy the same treatment as the ancestral temples. Decree to carry forward the legacy of Emperor Wenzhao Shengmingxiande. The Emperor Ming fully agreed with the petition, so he proclaimed that the sleeping temple of Empress Wen Zhao and the other seven ancestral temples enjoyed the same sacrificial etiquette, and engraved this rule in Jinding and hid it in the gold cabinet to pass on to future generations.
Emperor Ming missed his Dai especially. Zhen Chang was still young at this time. By the end of Jingchu (239), the Emperor Ming had appointed him as the captain of the sounding school, a regular attendant in the Kazan, and he had specially built a luxurious mansion for him. On the day of completion, Emperor Ming went to see for himself, and ordered to build a temple for his mother Zhen in the backyard of the palace. This lane was named Weiyangli, which was intended to pin her mother on her. "Weiyang" is from " Book of Songs · Qin Feng": I send the clan to Weiyang. Why give it away? The road car rides yellow. I sent you, I think. Why give it? Qiong Guiyu. Qin Kang was a prince when he was a prince, and presented Jin Wengong to Wei Zhiyang. When he missed his mother, I also saw the Ji family, like the mother who kept it.
In the first four years (244) of the first month of spring, the emperor Cao Fang served in Canadian dollars and rewarded the ministers. In April, the queen Zhen was established to amnesty the world. Queen Huaizhen is the granddaughter of Emperor Wen Zhao's brother Zhen Huan.
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