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History of the Yuan Dynasty

The Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) was founded by the Mongolians and was the first great unification empire established by a minority in Chinese history. In 1206, Temujin established the Mongolian Khanate. In 1260 Kublai Khan ascended the throne and established the "centralism" of the Yuan Dynasty. In 1271 Kublai Khan took the meaning of the "I Ching" "Da Qian Qian Yuan" and changed the name to Yuan. In 1279, he destroyed the Southern Song Dynasty and unified China. The territory of the Yuan Dynasty was unprecedentedly vast. From the North Sea to the North Sea and the East Japan Sea, Tibet and Taiwan were included in the Chinese territory for the first time. The Yuan Dynasty established the province of Zhongshu in the central government, and governed the affairs of the Prime Minister and Hezhang Zhang. The province implements a provincial system. Its overall productivity was not as good as that of the Song Dynasty. In the later period, peasant uprising was caused by ruling corruption and ethnic oppression. The Ming army captured the capital in 1368. The Yuan Dynasty ’s rule ended in the country, and the remaining forces returned to the history of the Mongolian Plateau.

History of Yuan Dynasty

Map of China during the Yuan Dynasty