What are the digestive enzymes in humans?
There are three main types of digestive enzymes: Proteases: Break down protein into small peptides and amino acids. Lipases: Break down fat into three fatty acids plus a glycerol molecule. Amylases: Break down carbs like starch into simple sugars.
What parts of the digestive system produce enzymes to digest carbohydrates?
Your small intestine makes digestive juice, which mixes with bile and pancreatic juice to complete the breakdown of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Bacteria in your small intestine make some of the enzymes you need to digest carbohydrates.
How are digestive enzymes produced in the cell?
Digestive enzymes, as with all animal proteins, are synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum and processed in the Golgi complex, and are packed into secretory vesicles (Figure 14). There are several mechanisms by which the contents of the secretory vesicles are freed in the midgut lumen.