What is infant maternal health?

Maternal and child health (MCH) programs focus on health issues concerning women, children and families, such as access to recommended prenatal and well-child care, infant and maternal mortality prevention, maternal and child mental health, newborn screening, child immunizations, child nutrition and services for

What is maternal and child health in public health?

What is maternal and child health in public health? In public health, a focus on maternal and child health is on how a government and its communities can improve health resources for women, including pregnancy and reproduction resources and resources for infant and child well-being.

Why maternal infant and child health is important to a community?

Improving the well-being of mothers, infants, and children is an important public health goal for the United States. Their well-being determines the health of the next generation and can impact future public health challenges for families, communities, and the health care system.

What is infant maternal health? – Related Questions

What are the major problem of maternal and child health?

High maternal and child mortality in the Region was identified as being largely related to health system gaps and challenges, in particular inadequate health workforce, lack of access to essential medicines, non-functioning referral systems and low quality of care, as well as poor nutrition.

What are the three components of maternal and child health care?

Excerpts were categorized according to three main components of the maternal healthcare delivery system: skill birth attendant (SBA), enabling environment (EE) and referral system (RS). Most of the shortcomings identified were grouped under SBA.

Why health promotion for newborns and infants is important?

Infants who are breastfed have reduced risks of ear and respiratory infections, asthma, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and obesity.

What are the roles of a community health nurse in maternal and child health care?

What do maternal child and health nurse do? Maternal and child health nurses can work in local government, parenting centres and community health services. They provide individual care and monitoring and run educational programs to assist parents and enable them to develop supportive social networks.

What is the importance of maternal health awareness?

Maternal Health is an important aspect for the development of any country in terms of increasing equity & reducing poverty. The survival and well-being of mothers is not only important in their own right but are also central to solving large broader, economic, social and developmental challenges.

Why is good maternal health important?

Good maternal health care and nutrition are important contributors to child survival; maternal infections and other poor conditions often contribute to indices of neonatal morbidity and mortality (including stillbirths, neonatal deaths and other adverse clinical outcomes) [3].

How can we improve maternal and child health care?

The intervention: Enhanced health care package (EHC)
  1. Early identification and surveillance of the pregnant woman and newborn babies.
  2. Recognition and management of pregnancy-related complications, particularly pre-eclampsia, haemorrhage, premature rupture of membranes and infection.

What are maternal health services?

Maternal health is the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period and maternal health care services are antenatal care (ANC), delivery care and postnatal care (PNC) services [1].

Which factors affect in maternal health?

Maternal morbidity and mortality particularly affects women of color and women living in low and lower-middle income countries.


  • 2.1 Poverty and access to healthcare. 2.1.1 Prenatal care.
  • 2.2 Pre-existing conditions. 2.2.1 Pregestational diabetes.
  • 2.3 Race and ethnicity.
  • 2.4 Religion.

What are the 3 delays that contribute to poor maternal/child health?

The “Three Delays” model proposes that pregnancy-related mortality is overwhelmingly due to delays in: (1) deciding to seek appropriate medical help for an obstetric emergency; (2) reaching an appropriate obstetric facility; and (3) receiving adequate care when a facility is reached.

What are the top 3 causes of maternal deaths?

severe bleeding (mostly bleeding after childbirth) infections (usually after childbirth) high blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia)

What are 3 pregnancy related risk factors?

High blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, epilepsy, thyroid disease, heart or blood disorders, poorly controlled asthma, and infections can increase pregnancy risks. Pregnancy complications.

What is the riskiest part of pregnancy?

Risk rates

The first trimester of pregnancy is considered weeks 0 to 13. About 80 percent of miscarriages happen in the first trimester. Losses after this time occur less often. March of Dimes reports a miscarriage rate of only 1 to 5 percent in the second trimester.

What is the highest risk pregnancy?

A woman’s pregnancy might be considered high risk if she:
  • is age 17 or younger.
  • is age 35 or older.
  • was underweight or overweight before becoming pregnant.
  • is pregnant with twins, triplets, or other multiples.
  • has high blood pressure, diabetes, depression, or another health problem.

What is the most high risk pregnancy?

People who get pregnant for the first time after age 35 have high-risk pregnancies. Research suggests they’re more likely to have complications than younger people. These may include early pregnancy loss and pregnancy-related health conditions such as gestational diabetes.

What are the 10 danger signs of pregnancy?

Fever. Abdominal pain. Feels ill. Swelling of fingers, face and legs.


  • vaginal bleeding.
  • convulsions/fits.
  • severe headaches with blurred vision.
  • fever and too weak to get out of bed.
  • severe abdominal pain.
  • fast or difficult breathing.