What macromolecule is missing from the elephant’s diet?
In the first part, students examine the protein, fat, and carbohydrate compositions of the animals’ diets. Since the elephant is a herbivore, it does not obtain fats from its diet.
Is a carbohydrate lipid or protein more likely to be a good source of energy for an organism?
One of the reasons low-fat diets are recommended for weight loss is because fats, also called lipids, contain more calories per gram, and thus more energy, than carbohydrates or proteins.
What is the main function of proteins in an elephant’s diet?
Young elephants need lots of energy-rich foods like sugarcane, which support their growth up to the age of around 30. Protein-rich foods like leguminous plants are also important for muscle growth. Minerals like calcium and phosphorus are also vital nutrients for growing, as they help form bones and teeth.