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Why did the 359th Brigade of the Central Plains break out to Shandong? What's the end

The 359th Brigade of the Eighth Route Army was a famous unit in the Anti-Japanese War ! This unit originated from the South, and its predecessor was the famous Red 6 Army and Red 9 Army, and a division of the Red 2 Army. At the beginning of the formation of the brigade, it had two regiments under its jurisdiction, with more than 5,000 officers and men. During the Anti-Japanese War , it first crossed the Yellow River and came to the northwestern part of Shanxi. Then, he fought in the vast areas of Shanxi and Hebei, annihilating countless Japanese and puppet troops. This brigade once grew to more than 10,000 people, and His Majesty had a regiment of at least four regiments. However, due to the needs of the rear of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia , the brigade quickly returned to northern Shaanxi, responsible for defending the Yellow River and the river, and defending the party center in the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia border region.

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In the 1940s, the brigade launched a mighty mass production campaign while defending its rear. The event of Nanniwan's reclamation quickly became a world-famous feat. Its spirit has also affected millions of people in future generations. After being stationed in the rear for several years, the main force of this brigade, led by brigade commander Wang Zhen , was ordered to leave Yan'an and head to South China to open a new anti-Japanese base area. After a long journey, Wang Zhen brought more than 3,000 officers and soldiers to the Nanxiong region of Guangdong Province in August 1945. However, as the Anti-Japanese War was over, this unit was heavily besieged by the National Army and forced to return north. In October of that year, this army arrived in the eastern Hubei region, was incorporated into the Central Plains Military Region, and resumed the designation of the 359th Brigade.

Around June 1946, the Central Plains Military Region was besieged by no less than 200,000 enemy forces. The 359th Brigade, led by Wang Zhen, made a siege to the west from near Xuanhuadian in Hubei. The brigade suffered heavy losses in the breakout, and fewer than 2,000 people returned to northern Shaanxi. At this time, Wang Zhen, with a heart as keen as a knife, proposed to the central government that some officers and men be redeployed from the 359th Brigade to expand a new army in the densely populated East China. In October 1946, after being approved, Wang Zhen sent Zhang Zhonghan, head of the 719th regiment, and Zeng Di, political commissar of the regiment. He led more than 300 cadres drawn from the 359th Brigade and the Jinsui Military District to form a cadre group. Marched into the Bohai Liberated Area. At that time, the cadre brigade had fewer than 50 long and short guns, which was considered poor .

After the cadre group came to the Bohai Liberated Area, they were warmly welcomed by the local military and civilians. With the strong support of the Bohai Naval District and the local government, a surge of peasants who joined the army and joined the cadre brigade was quickly formed. In February 1947, the cadre brigade held an army establishment ceremony in Yangxin County, Shandong. This unit had grown to more than 8,000 at this time, and was named the Botanical Navy Teaching Brigade. The brigade was commanded by Zhang Zhonghan, and Zeng Di was promoted to brigade commissar. The brigade has three infantry regiments and a direct team. After the establishment of the army, the brigade quickly carried out military exercises. After months of hard work, the military and political quality of the whole brigade has improved significantly. At this time, Brigadier Zhang Zhonghan decided to take the brigade back to the northwest.

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Several leaders of the teaching brigade feared that bringing the troops directly back to the northwest would cause the soldiers' minds to be disturbed, so they did not disclose the news. In the end, Zhang Zhonghan decided to lead the brigade to continue to move west in the name of large field training. First arrived in Qingyun County, northwest of Shandong, and recruited nearly 2,000 recruits. Then, the brigade came to Wu'an County, Hebei. According to the order of the Military Commission, the East China Military Region was here in Wu'an, and the Bohai Navy Command Brigade was transferred to the Northwest Military Region . At this time, the teaching brigade had reached 10,000, and received a large number of guns and artillery donated by the East China Military Region. In November of that year, the brigade officially became the troops of the Northwest Field Army, namely the 6th Independent Brigade of the Second Column, and the brigade commander was General Zhang Zhonghan.

The 6th Brigade arrived in the northwest. Because it was mostly recruits, its combat effectiveness was not outstanding. However, this brigade's weapons and morale are regarded as the front troops in the northwest battlefield. After coming to the northwest, the brigade under the command of the column commander Wang Zhen and brigade commander Zhang Zhonghan, etc., the combat effectiveness has been rapidly improved, and he has repeatedly made great achievements, and has won the award and praise of "attack like a tiger, defend like a mountain". . Flying over Taihang, crossing the Yellow River, fighting the Yuncheng City in a bloody battle, heading Guanzhong, marching into Xining, overpassing Qilian, and marching into Tianshan ... In October 1949, this brigade was adapted to the 6th Division of the 2nd Army of Yiye, in Zhangye, Gansu Celebrate the founding of new China. By March of the following year, the division had settled in Xinjiang, Ruoqiang, Korla and other places.

In March 1950, the 6th Division, who came to Xinjiang, actively responded to the call of the central government's reclamation and launched a vigorous mass production campaign at the resident. Through hard work, this division quickly achieved gratifying results. In 1954, the Military Commission decided to keep only part of the field forces in Xinjiang, and the other units were reorganized into the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. The 6th Division was reorganized as the 2nd Division of Agriculture of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, referred to as the 2nd Division of Agriculture, and the division was stationed in Gao. In September 1960, the division moved to Korla. In 1975, the 2nd Division of Agriculture was incorporated into the Bayinguoleng Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture, and was formed as the Bureau of Land Reclamation under the jurisdiction of this autonomous prefecture. In 1982, the Land Reclamation Bureau was revoked, and the designation of the 2nd Division of Agriculture was restored. The division is currently stationed near Tiemenguan.

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Now, this division has been renamed the 2nd Division of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. Tens of thousands of officers and soldiers of this division, in the face of the harsh natural environment, are not afraid of suffering or tiredness, and finally transformed the desert into an oasis by virtue of their tenacious will and constant efforts. The current 2nd Division, with Tianshan in the north and Altun Mountain in the south, has a total area of about 7,000 square kilometers and has more than 200,000 soldiers and civilians. In 2011, this division achieved a total production value of more than 6 billion yuan, and is constantly developing and progressing. With the efforts of the Corps and the encouragement of the Corps spirit, the development of this region will continue to flourish like sesame blossoms. Lamented at the 359th Brigade of the Eighth Route Army, the yellow sands of all battles, unloaded the battle robes, cast swords as plows , and reclaimed a new world and clouds in the desert.

From the 359th brigade cadre brigade to the Bohai naval area teaching brigade, to the independent 6th brigade of the second column of the Northwest Field Army, to the 6th division of the 2nd army of the 1st field, and then to the 2nd division of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. Numerous heroes have emerged from this army, and the editor just listed some of them: Zhang Zhonghan, military chief, and later served as deputy minister of the Ministry of Farming. Major General Zeng Di, chief political officer, and later served as Deputy Minister of the Central Organization Department. Major General He Shenggui, Deputy Chief Officer, and later served as Deputy Dean of the Logistics College. Major General Xiong Huang, deputy political commissar, and later served as deputy political commissar of the Xinjiang Military Region. Zhao Qianqing, a camp instructor, later served as the vice chairman of the Political Consultative Conference of the Xinjiang Autonomous Region. Liu Shuangquan, later served as commander of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps ...

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