Why did Pang Bingxun surrender during the Anti-Japanese War? What effect

One of the characteristics of people getting old is that they unknowingly remember memories.

Pang Bingxun is like this.

During the Battle of the Central Plains in 1941, he was stationed in Linxian County, Henan Province. He told his subordinates at every turn, saying that he was more capable when he was young. He was a soldier in his teens, and Linyi hit the Banyuan Iron and Steel Division. , World War I was famous throughout the country, shocked both at home and abroad, and won the highest award of the National Government ...

This story is familiar to almost everyone in his 24th Army.


Talk during training, talk during meetings, and talk to individual people. And when speaking, the guards also need to move a brick under their feet, flatten their lame legs, and speak in an upright position. See who doesn't pay attention, go down to him and talk again.

Everyone can listen to it once and twice. It ’s been a long time. Everyone ’s ears are grinded out of cocoon. When they heard that he was scared, the rumor in the military said, “The sky is not afraid, the ground is not afraid , you are afraid that the commander-in-chief will speak.”

The old Han Kongti was brave, but he kept talking about his past achievements. At this time, Pang, who was over sixty-six years old, was stationed at the rear, and because of his age and physical weakness, he became indifferent and old-fashioned. One of the manifestations is just saying no.

In the battle of Taierzhuang, Lao Pang had indeed defeated Itagaki Seishiro , but later in North China, when he became the chairman of Hebei Province and the 24th Army, his mood changed greatly.

The battle of Taierzhuang in Shandong was his out-of-war aid and anti-Japanese fame battle. He participated in the large-scale anti-Japanese battle for the first time. The officers and soldiers had morale and the country paid attention. Boneless.


After being stationed in North China, he became the provincial chairman for the first time, and his main task became defensive and stable. At that time in North China, various forces were intricate, there were enemies and me, there were real and false, and there were politics and conspiracy.

Anti-Japanese, don't count on this old churros.

His inner thought is: If the resistance is not good, he will defeat his territory and have not completed the task entrusted by the National Government. Therefore, this resistance to Japan can only be "something worthwhile for me" No. "

Lian quite old ...

Okuramura's ghost idea

Tokyo, July 1941.

After Tojo Hideki became Army Secretary, the first general to be promoted was the Lieutenant General, Okamura Ningji, who had been fighting in China, giving him a new post: Commander in Chief of the North China Front.

Tojo told him that the mission in North China is to have two methods in one center.

One center is to expand the occupation area, that is, the "policy area". The two means are to fight and pull.

Fighting is mopping, pulling is persuasion.

Okamura was quite satisfied with this job.

His former commander in chief of the North China Front Army was Tada Jun. His main focus was on static defense. As a result, his anti-Japanese army was scorched. His lieutenant general, Abe Xiu, was killed on the battlefield, becoming the first to lose China after the outbreak of the comprehensive war Lieutenant General, shocked at home and abroad.

Therefore, Okamura took the lesson of Tada.

He took the set of tactics implemented in the Northeast a few years ago, circled "people circles", dug trenches, blocked villages, blocked anti-Japanese military and civilian contacts, and launched the "Million War."

He also invented the "Iron Rolling Sweep Method", and for a time, North China "no village, no filial piety, and wolf smoke everywhere."


During the period, Okamura invited 180 Japanese officers to observe his new method of mopping up, and was accidentally ambushed by our army. He was wiped out on the spot, which made Okamura's face completely blank.

As Okamura mobbed, he quietly persuaded to descend.

The idea is: persuade each other with courtesy, and then soldiers first .

For example, when persuading Yan's Jin army, when he heard that the other party asked for the equipment of 30 regiments, he immediately agreed to let people spread a message to Yan: Give him equipment for 50 regiments, for money and money, for food and food To have a gun, as long as he surrenders.

Oral cheques do not pay taxes. After surrender, he couldn't help it.

Following this line of thinking, the work of persuasion has progressed rapidly. According to Okamura, during the war between Japan and China, non-Jiangsu-based Japanese army with a total of about 400,000 soldiers, and North China accounted for 3/4.

Okamura said in his memoirs that most of these local troops were old warlords of various factions, and they were not necessarily loyal to the National Government, so the trap was "very effective."

Among them, the largest surrendered army was Pang Bingxun, the 24th Army and the chairman of Hebei Province.


Third, Sun Dianying's bad idea

In April 1943, Okamura Ningji dispatched another 50,000 people to raid, the main goal of which was to persuade the 24th Army Pang Bingxun.

He divided the east and west three roads and rushed to Pang Bingxun in Taihang Mountain.

Lao Pang did the same trick again, one word, and ran.

You have thousands of tricks, I have the old idea, but if I can't fight, I run, but I can't fall anyway.

He immediately notified his subordinates to move to the mountains of Lingchuan County.

At the end of April, Pang Bingxun's subordinate, the New Five Army commander Sun Dianying, was surrounded by the Japanese army in Luling, the junction of Hui County, Lin County, and he surrendered the Japanese army first.


When Pang Bingxun arrived at the Lianhua Ridge in the west of Lin County, due to the slow march and the large target, the Japanese army discovered that the aircraft was bombing all the way.

Pang Ling's legs were originally inconvenient and required people to lift the chair with a sliding rod, which was even more inconvenient at this time.

However, it wasn't the worst misfortune to run up the mountain with a lame leg. His biggest misfortune was his addiction to cigarettes. The more he became nervous, the more easily he became ill.

Legend has it that Sun Dianying used to give him big smoke cream to honor him and gradually became addicted.

This time, as soon as Sun Dianying descended, Lao Pang was in danger.

On the evening of April 29, near the East Jiulian Kiln in Lingchuan County, Pang met a Japanese army. In the melee, Pang Jun was in chaos. Several people rolled down the hillside together.

Later, with the help of local people, they hid in a cave halfway up the mountain.

During the period, there was a rumored version: In the cave, the old and huge smoker who had not smoked for many days had committed a painful gun to commit suicide and was stopped by his son.

Pang reluctantly wrote a letter and wrote "Dianying save me", so that the guard went down to find Sun Dianying.


Sun Dianying was ordered by the Japanese army to go to the hillside to look for Pang. When the masses saw that he was his own army, they informed Pang's hiding place in the cave.

In this way, Lao Pang was found by Sun.

When persuading to surrender, Sun Dianying gave Lao Pang a head first, then a big smoke ointment, and a handful of food, saying that as long as you surrender, these will be given to you.

Pang scolded for a while. Sun Dianying rolled down.

The next day, a Japanese lieutenant came to persuade again, and Pang had no choice but to follow him down the mountain " half and half ".


Four words from family members

In the Japanese town of Xinxiang, Ponti set down four conditions for the fall:

① Surrender only surrenders to the puppet government ; ② Return the captured army; ③ Keep your troop number; ④ Do not fight the army of the National Government.

As soon as Okamura heard, Reno.

For him, there can be a governor to surrender, great news! Any conditions can be promised, as long as the real surrender.

Because the influence of Pang's surrender was always too great.

As the highest-ranking general in the National Government to invest in Japan, Okamura ordered the Japanese army and the Japanese and pseudo-government to publicize it with great confusion.

For a while, the number of Japanese troops under the banner of "curve to save the country" increased greatly.

However, compared with the mainstream of the National Anti-Japanese War, regardless of the number or strength, only the tributaries of the tributaries can be said. Some may not be sincere even if they fall.

Pang Bingxun began planning to escape to the first theater south of the Yellow River five months after the fall. After being informed by Sun Dianying, the incident failed.

Later, during the battle in Henan, Okamura Ningji feared that Pang would repeat his tricks, and invited him to Peiping for delicious and delicious "house arrest". He was released after the war.

It is said that in Peiping, Pang's daughter-in-law came to visit him, saw him under house arrest, and said coldly, letting Pang feel complacent:

"How glorious it was for you to be generous in your martyrdom for the country, but it is better to die now that you are alive."

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