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What is the Boer War? What happened between the Boers and Britain
Fun history2019-05-28 14:47:25 Lord William Pitnos Agatha Harold Wilson Attlee

What is the Boer War? The following interesting history editor for you to introduce the relevant content in detail.

Africa is an ancient continent. On the vast land sub-Saharan, there are many black ethnic groups and tribes. However, since the beginning of modern times, South Africa has gradually formed a white ethnic group called the Boer.

The emergence of the Boers can be traced back to the late 15th century, at the time when the Geographic Discovery was in its infancy and the active period of great navigational adventures. Since then, with the influence of the Dutch East India Company ’s colonial rule around Cape Town and the French religious war, many Dutch and French Huguenot Protestants have moved to South Africa and gradually formed a farm economy, gradually integrating into a new ethnic group.

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"Boole" means peasants and farmers, and represents the social structure and occupational distribution of this new nation. However, the good times did not last long . After the outbreak of the French Revolution , the Dutch mainland was occupied by France in 1795, and Britain took the opportunity to defeat the Dutch militia around Cape Town and occupied this Dutch colony .

During Napoleon's administration, Britain briefly returned it to the Netherlands. But when Napoleon failed, he once again occupied the Cape Town colony and began to restrict the Boer's farm economy. In 1834, the British promulgated regulations to abolish slavery, which greatly impacted the Boers, whose main business was the slave farm economy. In order to escape the high pressure of British policy, the Boers left the Cape Town colony and migrated inland in South Africa. They defeated the Zulus in 1840 and established the Republic of Natalia.

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At this time, the British Empire was in the midst of the sun and the sun, and it was at the pinnacle of the age of the sun. It set out a colonial policy that would connect Britain in the African colonies from north to south through the two directions of South Africa and North Egypt. Following the footsteps of the Boers, the British once again perished the Boer regime, forcing the Boers to migrate again and established the Republic of South Africa in 1849.

The Boer Republic of South Africa and the United Kingdom have maintained a mutually-recognized reciprocal relationship. However, due to the oppression of indigenous Zulu people in southern Africa, the Boer Republic of South Africa is facing severe armed conflict and serious financial crisis. The limitations of the farm economy and the fact that the fine land was invaded by the British made the Boers helplessly accept the British's request after more than 20 years and merged into the British colony.

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Although the two sides reached an agreement and eventually merged together, the Boers and the British had huge differences in economic models, cultural customs, and political formations, so the centrifugal force of the Boers was still very strong. In December 1880, the Boer citizen group clashed with the British garrison. The Boer militia organization then ambushed the British reinforcements, and the first Boer war broke out.

At that time, the British Empire had powers all over the world, and the Boers were just a minority population group that had just formed. However, during the Battle of Bronckhorst, 77 of the 247 people in the British army were killed and 157 were injured, but only 2 of the Boer militia were killed and 4 were injured.

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In January of the following year, the British army further sent reinforcements to Transvaal, with a total of thousands. However, Lang Gorge, on the border between Natal and Transvaal, was blocked by General Jobel, a Boer militia. In this battle, 93 British soldiers were killed, 133 injured and 54 captured. The British commander, General Corley, was killed. On the other hand, only one Boer militia was killed and five were wounded.

As a last resort, the United Kingdom and the Boers signed an armistice agreement, and then re-signed the Pretoria Agreement. The agreement stipulates that the Transvaal controlled by the Boers has an autonomous status, but the United Kingdom also controls Transvaal's foreign relations and the right of wartime excuses. After the first Boer War, although there was a generally proper ending, the British Empire has become the target of ridicule by European powers, especially despised by Germany, a strong army.

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At that time, the Boers controlled mainly Transvaal and Orange. Among them, diamonds were discovered in the Orange River area before the first Boer War in 1867, and in 1884, Transvaal discovered the then largest Waterwatersrand gold mine in the world. The increase in mineral resources and tax profits has promoted the rapid economic growth of the Boers, while also increasing friction with the United Kingdom. The British reluctantly fought for wealth and defeated the war, and once again launched the second Boer War in 1899.

In the second Boer War, the British had an advantage in terms of strength and weapons. However, in the early stages of the war, the British army's loss ratio to the Boer army was still one-sided. The British army suffered heavy losses, but the Boers did not seem to have lost too many troops. Such a disastrous defeat made the world a big eye-catcher and shaken the political status of the British Empire.

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In order to completely win over South Africa, the British urgently recruited troops in the homeland. The troops deployed in South Africa to fight against the Boers were as high as more than 400,000 people at one time. Civilian women and children and children of the Boers.

In the end, the entire Transvaal and Orange were annexed by the British due to their outnumber. However, this battle dealt a heavy blow to the British Empire. At the economic level, the British army consumed about 220 million pounds of military expenditure in South Africa, and the state treasury savings were squandered; at the political level, the Western world launched a campaign of sympathy and solidarity with the Boers, and even formed many civil groups in the Netherlands and Belgium Gift Boer vouchers for wartime mobile hospitals and medical equipment. At the same time, thousands of people from the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, France, the United States, Russia, Ireland, Italy and Scandinavian countries crossed the ocean as volunteers and fought alongside the Boers. This caused the image of the British Empire to plummet in the West.

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The Boer War not only reshaped the British Empire and the entire international geopolitics, but also a major turning point in the history of world diplomacy, politics, and military history. During the war, the Boers used modern guerrilla tactics extensively, and as a result, the British army had to change the bright red military uniforms they had been wearing to concealed military uniforms. In the face of the pressure of British soldiers, the policy of serving the whole nation had to be widely used in Germany, Switzerland, and post-war Israel during the Second World War. In order to deal with the situation of the Boer people as a whole, the British army carried out a brutal policy of heavy pressure. The scorched earth policy, concentration camps, and the Three Lights Policy were later adopted by Nazi Germany and Japanese fascists. It was also during the Boer War that many war tools such as field telephones and searchlights were born.

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After World War II, the Boers once again dominated the political landscape in South Africa and withdrew from the Commonwealth in 1961. However, despite the many atrocities committed by the British Empire settlers, the Boers were just as bad. Due to the dependence on the serf manor economy and the influence of slavery culture, the Boers had a strong racist tendency, and the apartheid system was officially implemented from 1948 until the multiracial elections in South Africa in 1994. Declaration is over.

To this day, the Boer term has been rarely used because of its strong racist connection. The Boers who have survived in South Africa have now evolved to formally refer to Africans named after their language. As for Britain, after the turmoil of national independence after the war, it has long lost its courage.

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