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How many troops did Cao Cao lose in the battle of the Red Cliff? Why did Cao Cao fail so quickly?
Interesting history2019-08-29 13:41:45 Sun Xiu Chengji Duan Sun Jun

How many people did Cao Cao lose in the battle of the Chibi ? Why did Cao Cao lose so fast? Interested readers can follow along with the editor.

When the Romance introduced the Battle of Chibi, it said that Cao Cao had 800,000 troops. In fact, Cao Cao did not have so many troops at that time. According to various historical sources, Cao Cao should only have 200,000 troops and horses, while Wu Shu's coalition army is 50,000. Although Cao Cao does not have 800,000, his total strength is still four times that of Wu Shu. It ’s just that Cao Cao defeated in this crucial battle. How many troops did Cao Cao lose in total? This is not clearly recorded in the history books, but we can probably figure out a number by speculation. So severe as imagined.

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In the Battle of Chibi, Sun Wu and the Shuhan Alliance repelled the powerful Cao Cao and laid the foundation for the three kingdoms. But in this battle, many mysteries are left to countless descendants. How many troops were lost in the battle of Cao Cao? Then, this article will take everyone to analyze, in the end the loss of Cao Cao in the battle of Chibi?

The 13th year of Jian'an was 208 AD. The Sun Quan and Liu Bei coalition forces in the Red Cliff area of Hubei relied on natural danger to start a decisive battle with Cao Cao. At the beginning of the battle, Cao Cao wrote a letter to Sun Quan, and ordered Emperor Xianxian Liu Xie to curse Sun Quan and let him and Liu Bei surrender. Sun Quan sent Lu Su , Zhou Yu, and Liu Bei to form an alliance. Sun and Liu then defeated Cao Cao with a fire attack. After more than half of Cao Jun's casualties in this battle, he returned to Jiangling and then retreated to Xiangyang.

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Numerous positive historical materials differ in the number of people lost to Cao Cao in the Battle of the Red Cliff. For example, Cao Jun was recorded as having 800,000 in the "Jianbiao Biography", so more than half of the loss was about 400,000. The " Three Kingdoms Zhou Yu Biography" records that Cao Cao's military strength is about 200,000 to 300,000, and some other historical materials are roughly this number. However, from the historical data left today, it is impossible to completely clarify how many troops were lost in this battle of Cao Cao, but we can think backwards, and from Cao Cao ’s post-war actions, we can roughly calculate How much did Cao Cao lose?

After the war, Cao Cao took a forced defensive posture in Jingzhou and retreated to Jiangling. One year later, Cao Cao immediately returned people to the north, and even Xiangyang was abandoned. It was not until 211 AD that Cao Cao made a comeback . In the past three years, Cao Cao did not have any war with Sun Quan and Liu Bei. According to Cao Cao's weight, he can rest for three years, and the loss is certainly not small. Although it has not reached the level of annihilation of the entire army , in the history, Cao Cao lost more than half of the battle in the Red Cliff. This figure should be accurate and credible.

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From the analysis of the progress in the Battle of Chibi, most of Cao Cao ’s losses were from the navy, and a small part of the land army. Cao Cao also lost too quickly. The confrontation was defeated in less than 40 days, and Xu Huang in the rear had not had time to reach the front. From this point of view, Cao Cao led more than 100,000 Jingzhou troops, basically the entire army was annihilated, and about half of his Hanzhong elite was lost.

However, at the same time, Cao Cao had to watch out for Ma Chao and Han Sui and stay behind in the army to prevent the nomadic tribes in the north from going south. Therefore, in the battle of Cao Cao, it is unlikely that all military forces will be exhibited. During the Battle of Chibi, Cao Cao's army also seemed to have been plagued, and non-combat reductions were more serious. Analyzing from these points, Cao Cao lost about 100,000 horses in the Battle of Chibi, but this is not Cao Cao's elite in Hanzhong. "Three Kingdoms" recorded "the rest of the ship was retired, the soldiers died of famine, and most of the deceased". The reason why Cao Cao was recuperated for three years after the war also wanted to watch the development of the aftermath.

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Sun Quan led the army to capture Hefei after the war, but was repelled by Cao Ren. Cao Cao briefly became passive defense at this time, also for the development of the poster. However, Cao Cao lost Jiangling and Xiangyang, failed to win Jingzhou, and Hefei almost survived. This is the most serious part of Cao Cao's loss! If these cities were obtained by Cao Cao, he would be able to use Hefei as a bridgehead, connecting the central part with In most northern areas, Sun Wu and Shu Han formed a southward force to unify the world. It was just around the corner! As for the loss of soldiers, Cao Cao didn't care.

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