在线一本码道高清

Qing Emperor Yongzheng was born

[Today in History] Qing Dynasty Emperor Yongzheng was born on December 13, 1678

image.png

On December 13, 1678, Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty was born.

Qing Dynasty Emperor Aixinjueluo 胤 禛 (AD 1678-AD 1735), Manchu , the fourth son of Emperor Xuanzang of the Qing Dynasty, was the third emperor after the Qing dynasty, and reigned from 1722 to 1735. After his death, he was buried in the Tailing Mausoleum of the Western Tombs of Qing Dynasty.

When Qing Shizong was young, he followed Gu Badai and Xu Yuanmeng to study the history of Confucian classics. He was close to Zen monks and knew Buddhism a little. He once visited the south of the river with the ancestors of the ancestors, worshipped the Buddha at Wutai Mountain, Qiuhe Rehe (now Chengde, Hebei), and was ordered to worship Qufu Temple and Shengjing (now Shenyang, Liaoning) ancestral tombs. The Qing ancestors conquered Gardan, and Zhengzheng was in the red flag camp. In the end of Kangxi, he competed with other princes for Chu. After the death of the ancestor, he inherited the throne with the help of the thirteenth emperor Xiang Xiang . He was also reported to have taken the throne of General Fuyuan with the help of Longkodo. Whether Yongzheng inherited the emperor was personally handed down by Kangxi or tampered with the widow's widow is a controversial issue.

Qing Shizong was forty-five years old when he was enthroned. With his previous experience, he has a better understanding of the state of the world and has a wealth of governing experience. After taking office, he took various measures politically to consolidate his throne. The first is to eliminate dissidents, divide and disintegrate the princely cliques, recall the puppets from the Northwest Army , and imprison them. Jin Fengzhang was Prince Lian and Prime Minister. Send the salamander to West Datong, Qinghai (now northwest of Qinghai Datong). In view of the fact that the Qing Dynasty did not have an effective reserve-making system, disputes over the succession of the throne often led to the creation of a secret reserve-making system. In the first year of the Yongzheng Reign (1723), he accepted the suggestion of the governor of Shanxi Province, Luo Nuo, and implemented measures to consume envy and to raise money for the purpose of limiting and reducing official corruption and extortion. In the next two years, in view of the serious shortage of money and food in the late years of Kangxi, it was decided to carry out strict inspections, to copy the corrupt officials and to pursue the stolen goods, and to default on the people. For three years, King Sejong ordered Fuyuan General Nian Yaoyao to commit suicide in the name of prestige and blessings, and to run the party for personal gain. As a result, Wang Lianqi's "Xi Zheng Sui Bi" case and Cha Yanting's test case. Seven years later, a case involving the rebellion of Zhang Xi, who had dispatched his apprentice Zhang Xi to provoke the governor of Sichuan and Shaanxi Yue Zhongqi , involved the late physicist Lu Liuliang and King Sejong to promote the imprisonment as a means of controlling thought, cracking down on political opponents, and improving their authority. In the same year, in order to meet the needs of using troops in the Northwest, a military engine room was set up (it was changed to the military aircraft department in ten years), and pro-major ministers were selected to assist in military affairs. The minister of military planes could only recount the order of the emperor. He had no right to praise paintings, which made the emperor more centralized. In addition to the title books and the playbooks, he ordered Fu Fuzhuang and other local officials to play an important role in order to strengthen the emperor's control of local administration.

Some measures have been adopted economically to develop agricultural production. In the second year of the Yongzheng Reign, he began to implement the servitude system of " sharing dwellings into acres " proposed by Li Weijun, governor of Zhili. At the same time, he announced the cancellation of Confucian households and tenants, restriction of the privileges of the gentry and princes, and reasonable burden on the rich and the poor. At the same time, in order to solve the growing food needs of the population, the traditional policy of heavy farming and suppression of end-of-life is more strictly implemented, wasteland is encouraged, food production is emphasized, economic crops are planted, and mining and handicraft industry are opposed. He paid attention to the construction of water conservancy. In addition to the Yellow River and the construction of the Zhejiang Haitang, Prince Mingyi Xiangying carried out camp water conservancy in Zhili, and built and dredged canals in Ningxia. At the same time, social reforms were implemented. In the first year of Yongzheng, he ordered the removal of Shanxi and Shaanxi music books, and ordered other cheap books to follow suit. Later, Zhejiang Shaoxing Lazi, Anhui Huizhou “Dangdang”, Ning Guoshi servants, Guangdong households, and Changshu beggar households in China successively opened their doors, thus cracking down on the remaining slavery system and playing a positive role in social development.

During Sejong's reign, he also paid attention to relations with ethnic minorities and diplomatic relations. In the four years of Yongzheng, according to the advice of Governor-Ertai of Yunnan and Guizhou, a large-scale land reform and return policy was implemented, some toasts in Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hunan, Sichuan and other provinces were abolished, and the central government's rule over the region was strengthened. In the past five years, the Qing court and Russia signed the Treaty of Brunschi and the Treaty of Chaktu , which safeguarded the sovereignty of the country in delineating the Sino-Russian border and handling trade issues between the two countries.

Qing Shizong compiled a part of the memorial selections he had reviewed into "Zhu Pianyu Zhi". His decree to his servants was compiled by Zhang Tingyu and other records into "Shangying Cabinet" and "Shangying Eight Banners ". Articles of his various genres have been edited as "The Collection of Imperial Manuscripts" by posterity. Thirteen years of Yongzheng, King Sejong died. Emperor Xian Constitution.

Comment: Although the reign was short, the Emperor was very capable.

Disclaimer: The above content originates from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you infringe your original copyright, please let us know and we will delete the related content as soon as possible.

Recommending ...

24 hours hot text

Change

    the latest update

    • character
    • Decrypt
    • War history
    • unofficial history
    • History
    • culture

    Latest ranking

    • Click Ranking
    • Gallery Ranking
    • Thematic ranking

    Illustrated World

    Change