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Book of Yongle Ceremony

[Today in History] Written Book of Yongle on December 14, 1408

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The compilation of "Yongle Dadian" began in the first year of Mingle Yongle (1403). At that time, Zhu Cheng, the ancestor of Ming Cheng, had just seized power from his nephew Jianwen Emperor. In order to show that the cultivation of Wenzhi was so appealing, he ordered Jie and others to edit the book. Compiled in 1404, named "Documentation Dacheng." Soon Ming Chengzu Zhu Xi thought that the content of the book was insufficiently detailed and did not meet the original intention of repairing the book. Therefore, he also sent Prince Guangxi Master Yao Guangxiao to participate in the revision. More than 2,100 people participated in editing and copying this time. It took 5 years and was completed in Yongle six years, namely December 14, 1408. The text was 22,877 volumes, 60 statutes and catalogs, totaling more than 22,900 volumes, and packed into 11095 volumes. The total number of words is about 370 million words.

This book is a large-scale book of unprecedented scale in the history of our country. Collected and recorded seven or eight thousand kinds of works, including classics, history, sons, episodes, interpretations, Taoism, opera, plain speech, medical treatment, industrial techniques, agronomy, and other various works, including a wide range of collections, rich in information.

The style of the book is based on the rhyme part of "Hong Wu Zheng Yun", officially compiled in the early Ming Dynasty. That is: take the single character as the head, and rhyming characters, and note the sound and meaning of each character in detail, and record the fonts of the character 篆, li, Kai, and Cao, and then classify and enter the astronomy related to the character, that is, the name of the character. , Geography, personnel, famous things, poetry, allusions and other content. As stated in the " Siku Quanshu General Catalogue": "Or divide a rhyme by a word or a sentence. Or extract an article and divide the rhyme by the title." "Or" record a book in full and divide the rhyme by the title. "Approximately what the statutes say" uses rhyme to unify the words and use words to mean things. "But the" Siku Quanshu General Catalog "thinks that it is divided into words, words, and titles, and is divided into rhymes. It is" different, unorganized ", and" different. "

However, the book was collected from ancient books. The title and author are written in red, which is quite eye-catching. It is not easy to quote a document in paragraphs or even whole books. In particular, the prescriptive scriptures of the Yuan Dynasty , which were not transmitted by the world, depended on the entire book's income, which is very complete, and it has kept a lot of precious ancient documents and sources, and the source is clear. During the compilation of the "Siku Quanshu" during the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty , there were many edicts compiled from it, and those that have already been included in the "Siku Quanshu" include: 66 kinds of warp books, 41 kinds of history books, 103 kinds of books, and 175 books A total of 385 species, 4926 volumes. There are also more than 100 books listed in the "inventory". Later, some people continued to record the scriptures of the scriptures from the "treasure house" of the ancient book "Yongle Dadian". This shows the great value and contribution of "Yongle Dadian" in preserving ancient documents and materials.

There is only a transcript of Yongle Dadian without a engraved copy. Originally only one copy was copied. During the Jiajing reign of Ming Shizong, two copies were copied. The original was moved back to Nanjing. The original was stored in Wenyuan Pavilion, and the copy was stored in Huang Shizhen. At the end of the Ming Dynasty, both the original and the copy were destroyed, and only one original was left. During the Qianlong period, it was incomplete. After the British and French Allied Forces and the Eight Kingdoms Allied Forces invaded Beijing twice, the book was looted and burned twice, leaving only 64 volumes in the Guangxu period. After many searches, donations and returns from various parties, plus copies, more than 730 volumes were obtained. In 1959, it was photocopied and published by the Zhonghua Book Company, and only 3% of the original books were printed. Since then, Zhonghua Book Company has received more than 60 volumes, which have been photocopied and published.

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