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How do big nations fight for themselves? See how the Song Dynasty adjusted the contradiction between Jin and Chu during the Spring and Autumn Period?
Interesting history2020-01-09 17:46:57 Fan Chizai to Duanmu Cizhong by Confucius

Today, the interesting history editor brought you an article about Song Guo in the Spring and Autumn Period. Welcome to read ~

In 1046 BC, the Zhou Wu King's coalition defeated the Shang Dynasty army in Makino and won the battle of Makino. The Zhou Dynasty replaced the Shang Dynasty.

Is Shang Shang extinct? No, some people think that this is the case. One dynasty was established, how can the other dynasty not die out? So, the Shang dynasty was gone, but the Shang civilization was not extinct. The Chinese are habitual. The historical narrative logic of "changing dynasties " was actually only available after the Qin Dynasty . Prior to the Qin Dynasty, the so-called "Hua Xia" was more of a cultural and geographic concept. The so-called "dynasty" was actually a bit like a multi-tribal alliance.

The Shang tribe declined, and the Zhou people replaced it, so there was the so-called "Zhou Dynasty" (Actually, there was no concept of dynasties in the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties, and their dynasties were added to them according to the narrative method of later generations) Moreover, according to the ritual law of the divisional system, although the dynasty dies, the victors still cannot let the former aristocracy sacrifice. Let's stay on the line and meet each other next time.

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Where is the remaining power of the Shang tribe? When King Zhou Wu divided the princes, Wu Geng Yu Yin, the son of Emperor Xin, was still enshrined. After the death of King Wu, Wu Geng rebelled and was killed by Zhou Gongdong's conquest (the other said that Wu Geng fled north). Another brother of Emperor Xin Xin, who had descended from Zhou in the same year, was opened in Shangqiu, with the title of Song and Yi Feng. Ancestral worship of the Shang Dynasty.

In other words, the Song Dynasty during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods can be regarded as the successor of the Shang Dynasty.

The strength of the Song Dynasty is not weak. Because it is rich and rich, it belongs to the worst place (this is for sure, after all, it is the core area of the Shang Dynasty). It covers an area of about 100,000 square kilometers, has developed agriculture, and is also prosperous. The business people are good at doing business, and the Chinese "businessmen" came here once), so the Song Dynasty was richer.

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Song Guo gradually developed and became stronger. Song Xianggong once became one of the five tyrants in the Spring and Autumn Period, but unlike the other four tyrants, the other four tyrants (Qi, Chu, Qin, Jin) had strong powers when they dominated. Effect. Song Xianggong only helped Qi Gongzi to regain his country during the civil unrest in Qi , and wanted to be the leader of Qi, but he did not have military strength. Historical records Song Xianggong implemented unrealistic "benevolent" on the battlefield of rigorous military operations during the battle of Song and Chu Hongshui in 638 BC, and was defeated by the Chu army, and the Song Dynasty declined.

Song Dynasty is very embarrassing. After the Battle of Hongshui, Chu Kingdom had no resistance in the Central Plains. In the following years, its power once reached the north of the Yellow River; but there was also a horizontal one in the north, that is, Jin Kingdom , Jin Wengong. After the rise of Jin State, the expansion of Chu State was curbed.

The so-called immortal fights, the little ghosts were attacked, and Jin and Chu countries frequently engaged in fights. Song Dynasty was very sad. From the battle to save Song Dynasty in 632 BC to Jin Chu soldiers in 546 BC, Song country encountered 40 More than two wars are miserable .

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The battle of Jin Chu suffered a bunch of small countries around it

Of course, Song Guo wanted to protect his own interests, but his elementary school was weak and only neutral. Song Guo had no choice but to start from diplomacy. The interests of Song Guo were: Jin and Chu. Do not fight again. Coincidentally, Dr. Hua Yuan of the State of Song was not only a good friend of Lun Wuzi, the ruling secretary of the Kingdom of Jin, but also a good friend of Yin Zi of the State of Chu. With this special relationship, Song Guo began to arbitrarily .

The Jin and Chu kingdoms were also exhausted and needed to adjust their strength. The Song State was just right. The Hua Yuan ran between Jin and Chu in order to mediate the relationship between the two countries and promote the peaceful coexistence of Jin and Chu.

With the efforts of the Song State, the Jin State and the Chu State even formed an alliance. Zhou Jian ’s seventh year ( Lu Chenggong 12 years, Jin Ligong 2 years, Song Gonggong 10 years, Chu Gong 12 years, before 579) ), Under the arrangement of Huayuan, Qing Shizhen of the Jin Dynasty and the son of the Chu Kingdom, and Xu Xu made an alliance outside the West Gate of the Song Dynasty. The contract signed was: "Where Jin and Chu have nothing to do with each other, they share the same sentiments, share the same calamities, and save the murderers. If they are harmful to Chu, they will be expelled; in Jin, Chu will be the same. The road is boundless; seek to disagree with it, but not to discuss it. With the alliance of Chongqing, the gods know it, they fall into their divisions, and the country is not defeated. "

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Jin Guo and Chu Guo also know that it is not good for everyone to continue fighting. They can only let others take advantage. It is better than the Alliance to conspire the world.

This is the first alliance of the soldiers. The soldiers meant to calm down the war. From "Zuo Zhuan Xianggong Twenty-seven Years": "People say soldiers, and I'm Fu Xu."

But the theory goes back to theory. After decades of fighting, the Jin and Chu countries are very confrontational. When the situation between Jin and Chu is not favorable to them, they both hope to adjust by a temporary truce; however, when the situation improves , They will leave the covenant behind and launch a new attack. Soon after the contract was signed, the Battle of Fuling broke out and the Chu State was defeated; however, civil strife also occurred in the Jin State, and Qin State often attacked the Jin State during the civil disturbance in the Jin State ...

The helpless Song State can only continue to work hard, and the powerful nations in the Spring and Autumn Period such as Jin State, Chu State, Qi State, and Qin State also want to take a break at this time and want to fight again. Therefore, Dr. Song Guoxiang actively carried out diplomatic activities for the second time. In the 27th year of Lu Xianggong (before 546 years), Jin, Chu, Qi, Qin, Lu , Wei , Chen, Cai , Zheng , Xu, Song, Wu, Teng Wait for the 14 countries to form an alliance outside the West Gate of the Song Dynasty.

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The process of signing this covenant was also murderous. Later, the Chu State insisted on "blood-blowing" first at the alliance. After the Chu State achieved its goal, when writing the name on the book, it first wrote Jin State to show equality.

The covenant signed was: "Jin and Chu obey, and they meet each other." It means: "Jin's servant country wants to pay tribute to Chu, and Chu's servant country wants to pay tribute to Jin." (Small country is very pitiful). Among the 14 countries, Qi Kingdom, as an ally of Jin, did not worship Chu; Qin was an ally of Chu, nor did it worship Jin. Lao country is a vassal of Qi country, Teng country is a vassal of Song country and does not participate in the alliance.

After the alliance, the Spring and Autumn hegemony war was temporarily suspended. The reduction of wars has greatly reduced the disasters and burdens of wars suffered by the small countries in the Central Plains. However, small countries have more bosses out of thin air, and are more severely exploited. In fact, to put it plainly, this is the case that several major powers feel that it is not good for everyone for the time being. It is better to join forces and become the bosses. The small powers share the supremacy of Jin and Chu.

However, for Song Guo, this was a major diplomatic victory, because several grandfathers would not fight, which is very beneficial to it, and it also provides a reference for some weak countries to deal with powerful countries.

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