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Which country was the strongest in the early Warring States Period? Why did Wei Guo lose his heart in the late Warring States Period?
Interesting history2020-01-10 15:09:07 Mencius Jiyou Luzhuanggong Xuxing Mencius

Today, the interesting editor of history brings you why Wei Guo would be slumped in the late Warring States Period. Interested readers can follow along with the editor.

Since the middle of the Spring and Autumn Period, the population of each powerful country has been increasing, competition has become more and more fierce, small countries have been destroyed one by one, and the fighting has become more and more bloody. Warring States, countless merger wars during the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period reduced the number of vassal states from hundreds to tens. By the end of the Warring States Period, there were only seven more powerful Zhou Tianzi vassal states that were separated or independent, namely Han, Zhao, Wei, Chu, Yan, Qi, and Qin, collectively known as the " Seven Warring States ".

But that was the situation in the later period. This was not the case in the early days of the Warring States Period. Some small countries with insignificant influence were not counted. In the early Warring States period, the strengths of the Qin and Yan states were weak. The more powerful one is Jin (at this time, it is basically on the verge of being divided by the three families of Han, Zhao, and Wei. In 403 BC, Zhou Tianzi officially established San Jin as a vassal. Zhou Tianzi acknowledged that the status of the San Jin vassals had a great shock to the world order. The authority of Zhou Tianzi is almost completely lost.), Qi, Chu, and Vietnam.

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Which is the strongest country? Not the strong Qin, but Wei!

At the beginning of the Warring States Period, Wei took the lead , and Wei Wenhou was enlisted by Zhou Weilie in 403 years ago. His appointment of Li Zhi to carry out reforms began to flourish. Wenhou and Wuhou both defeated Qi repeatedly. The west invaded Qin Zhihe, sending Li Kun and Wu Qi to guard Xihe and Shangjun, repeatedly thwarting Qin's attack.

At this time, Wei Guo can be said to be the world of great earthquakes. Wei Wenhou Zunzi Xia, Tian Zifang, and Duan Qianmu were the teachers. They ordered Leyang to capture the Zhongshan Kingdom , and Ximen Leopard dug Zhangshui Twelve Canals for the order. Carry out a reform and "teach as much as possible" to consolidate the economy. Li Huan also wrote the Law Book, the first written code in ancient China.

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Wenzhi Binbin, and martial arts are also abundant. From 413 BC to 409 BC, Wei Guo attacked Qin State successively and seized the land of Hexi. Qin State was forced to retreat west of Luoshui. Wei State established Xihe County here. Wu Qiwei Xihe Junshou, in 408 BC, Wei Guo borrowed from Zhao Guo to capture Zhongshan, and it was destroyed in 406 BC. From 405 BC to 404 BC, the Wei State united Zhao Guo and the South Korean Rescue Field Association, attacked the Qi Kingdom, captured the Great Wall of Qi , and captured Qi Kanggong. In 400 BC and 391 BC, the Allied Army of the Three Jin Dynasties repeatedly defeated Chu and seized a lot of land. Wei Guo was extremely popular .

However, Wei was still declining, and it gradually became impossible in the middle of the Warring States Period. Then, how could Wei be unable to "do one's will" and unify the world?

In fact, this is related to the geography of Wei. To be honest, the geo structure of Wei is really bad. Its core territory includes the southwestern part of Shanxi, northern Henan and parts of Shaanxi and Hebei. The place is a good place, but the location Not a good position, because it is in the world, the land of the four wars .

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Wei's geographical position is indeed quite awkward

If Wei Guo's talents are different and super powerful, it's really good, they will be broken one by one and the center will bloom. However, Wei Guo obviously does not have this ability. Its national strength is relative. It can bully and bully the surrounding powerful nations, but it is not enough to completely destroy them. This has formed a weird situation. In the first place, all the neighboring countries will regard it as an opponent. Unlike the Qin or Qi state, Wei State has a rear, and it is threatened all around.

Therefore, in the middle of the Warring States Period, although Wei was still strong, the rise of Qi, Qin and other countries threatened it. By the time of the throne of the third monarch, Wei Hui and Wang Weiyi, they were mainly focused on economic development, including the development of irrigation in the Yellow River. However, they were mired in a situation of "prosperity and decline". The battle of Guiling in 353 BC and In the Battle of Maling in 341 BC, Wei defeated both Qi nations, the East was frustrated, and the eastward expansion strategy failed.

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In 330 BC, five years after Queen Wei Hui, in the West, the Qin Kingdom, which was gradually strengthened after the Shangyang Reform, seized the Hexi region (a border between eastern Shaanxi and Shanxi and the western part of the Yellow River's livestock and strategic area), the capital Anyi ( Xia County , Shanxi) Completely exposed, had to move the capital to the capital beam.

Wei and East were squeezed by strong neighbors. Wei Guo was very embarrassed, because as soon as it was launched, it would be constrained by the surroundings. The most typical example was the famous " Wei Wei rescue Zhao ". Wei attacked Zhao Guo and failed due to Qi Guo's intervention. In the early days of the Warring States Period, the monarch Wei Guo was very sober. He still led the two Koreas and Zhao Guo to jointly defend the enemy. The three Jins were separated and actually maintained an alliance nature. However, Wei Wuhou seemed a bit rigid and bullied Zhao and South Korea. This was a bit shameless, and at the time of his death, his sons Wei Wei and Wei slowed to fight for the position, Zhao Guo and South Korea took the opportunity to launch the battle of Zhuo Ze, and touched Wei, but then Zhao and Han Lianjun disbanded due to internal conflict ... Regardless How to say, it is impossible for Sanjin to unite. Now everyone is ups and downs. Do n’t talk about old feelings, which naturally makes Wei Guo more isolated.

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The successor of the Emperor Wei Hui did not follow the established national policy of the Three Jin Alliance. As a result, Han Zhao was directly transformed from an ally to an enemy. Wei suffered from the enemy on the back, and because Qi and Qin came to the top, things were difficult to consider. Wei had a long and frequent war. Gradually decline.

This influence is quite large, because the other two brothers are holding back, making Wei unable to completely defeat Qin, which has laid a great hidden danger. If Wei can defeat Qin in the early stage, the situation behind it will no doubt be better a lot of. However, in fact, the historical line was that after Wei Guo went downhill, Qin Guo took the opportunity to defeat Wei Jun several times, basically eliminating Wei's main force defending the Hexi region, and since then Wei Guo has been slumped. In 328 BC, the Wei State had to start "thing Qin" and ceded Shang County (now northern Shaanxi) and the remaining Hexi Region to Qin State, but Qin State began to nibble on Wei State territory east of the Yellow River.

However, after the rise of the surrounding powers, Wei Guo fell into the problem of brain drain, and the country's power was even weaker.

The geographical defects became more and more obvious later. In the late Warring States period, after Qin State destroyed Han, Zhao He and hit Yan State successively, Wei State in the Central Plains was isolated and helpless and was directly destroyed.

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