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"Feng Shen Yan Yi" and "Journey to the West", is Buddhism and Taoism important?

Today, the interesting history editor will bring you the analysis of " Fengshen Romance " and " Journey to the West ", hoping to help everyone.

Everyone knows that in the ancient myths of our country, there are many stories of gods and demons, from the ancient ancestors to open up the world, to the son -in-law and the mother-in- law to make up the world, from the war of water and fire gods cooperating and conquering , to Huangdi Chiyou 's chasing the Central Plain . Many supernatural characters appeared in it, but they were forcibly divided into two opposing camps of "God" and "Magic" according to their positions or goodness and evil of the mind.

This kind of novel on the topic of gods and demons is naturally very attractive, and the two books that stand at the apex of China's gods and monsters are naturally "Feng Shen Yan Yi" and "Journey to the West".

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In terms of artistic value, the former is indeed worse than Jiutiao Street by more than the latter, but if the integrity of the myth system is discussed, even the latter must be admired .

As for the theoretical support of gods and demons, in fact, they must not escape the three religions of Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism, especially the two religions of Buddhism, Taoism and Buddhism, but each has its own emphasis in both books. Buddha, here is a brief introduction.

"Fengshen Romance", headed by Taoism

In fact, "Fengshen" is more harmonious. It believes that the three teachings are one family. For example, there is a hymn in the middle that has been analogized-"Cuizhu yellow whisk white shoots, Confucian crowns, white lotus flowers , red flowers white lotus flowers . "The lotus leaf, the three religions are originally a family." In this case, bamboo and lotus are used as an analogy to express the idea of the three religions as one.

However, although it is a family, after all, it has to be divided into priorities. "Feng Shen" is very firm on this point. It is led by Taoism. Yun Zhongzi once said "the original moral respect of the three religions", indicating "Tao". This is the source and root of the three religions.

In the mythical system of Fengshen, the highest is naturally the ancestor Hongjun , and his three apprentices are the masters of Yuanshi Tianzun , the masters of jealousy and the master of humanity. These are all The top four Daoists in Taoism standing in the entire system of God.

Then came the third generation, such as Twelve Golden Immortals, Zhao Gongming , Duo Tao Taoist , Jiang Ziya , Shen Gongbao, etc. As for the main players in the feudal war, such as Yang Yan, the three brothers of Nezhe , Huang Tianhua , Lei Zhenzi, etc. Although he has extraordinary skills and a lot of credit, he is actually a fourth-generation disciple.

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Buddhism is called the "Western World" in "Feng Shen", and the top characters are Zhun Ti Dao (Zun Ti Bodhisattva) and Jiu Dao Ren (Amitabha). According to their seniority, they are the same as Yuanshi Tianzun and Lao Tzu. The level is equal to the ancestor of Hongjun.

As for the twelve golden immortals of the third generation of disciples, the Manjusri Guangfa Tianzun, the Puxian real man and the Cihang real man are the incarnations of Manjushri, Puxian Bodhisattva and Guanyin Bodhisattva. They are one generation lower than the Amitabha, and they are perfectly justified.

Therefore, the system of "Feng Shen" is very clear, with mixed Buddhism and Taoism, but led by Taoism.

Journey to the West, Buddhism

Unlike the very clear and straightforward use of Feng Jun's ancestor Hong Jun as the sole highest-level leader, the system of Buddhism and Taoism in Journey to the West is relatively parallel. For example, the heavenly emperor (Taoism) is the emperor of the jade emperor , too Shang Laojun, the Queen Mother of the West, etc. are headed, while in the Western Buddhist world, the Buddha is respected, and the two sides are only equal.

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Moreover, the relationship between the two sides is still very harmonious. For example, the first invitation of the West Queen ’s Peach Blossom Festival was a Western Buddha (Rulai). At the time, when Sun Wukong had a trouble in the Heavenly Palace , the Guanyin Bodhisattva came as "foreign aid" to help plan. And also intends to help him, and when the last thing can't be suppressed, the first thing that the emperor of the Jade Emperor thought of was to invite Rugao Buddha.

So the relationship between the two parties seems to be a friendly and cooperative relationship. The emperor Jade and the Buddha of Rulai also seem to be peers, but is this really the case?

No.

In the Journey to the West, the difference between the Buddha and the Tao is not in terms of seniority, but in strength, as long as friends who have carefully read the original book should be aware of it.

Among the immortal Buddhas, bodhisattvas, and demon monsters, the strongest is undoubtedly Rugao Buddha, and then further down are the big Buddhas such as Guanyin, Wenshu, Puxian, etc., and the strongest Taoist side is like Taishang Laojun, Zhenyuan. Daxian et al. Are basically the same as Guanyin Bodhisattva, and even slightly worse.

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As for Sun Wukong's Bodhi ancestor, this is a very special character. He looks like Taoism, but at the same time is well versed in the Buddhist meditation of the Buddhism, and he is not at all subject to the official system of heaven. All kinds of evidence point to him Elder Bodhi, this is also one of the ten disciples of the Buddha.

Therefore, the heavy Buddha in "Journey to the West" is relatively obscure, not as obvious as that in "Feng Shen".

To sum up, the two top-level deities and novels of Fengshenbang and Journey to the West, although they are both Buddhism and Taoism, have their own emphasis, reflecting the different religious concepts of the two authors.

However, the two religions of Buddhism and Taoism actually have their own systems and believers. There is no conflict. You do n’t have to go up and down. You can practice which one you like. Do n’t be entangled, whether it ’s Taoism. The "inaction" or the "compassion" of the Buddhism is for everyone to cultivate their minds and spirits, not to stir up their passions. Everyone said, but?

There are actually many hidden contents and interesting details in the original Journey to the West, as well as a lot of Buddhist and Taoist knowledge. There are still many adaptations of the 86 version of the TV series we are familiar with. If you have time, you may buy the original book. It must be very interesting-the original journey to the west is like this!

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