Today, the interesting history editor brought you an article about the axe sound and candle shadow, welcome to read ~
Song Taizu Zhao Kuangyong worked hard throughout his life. He conquered the North and South, ended the war and secession of the Five Dynasties and the Ten Kingdoms , and brought the Central Plains region to greater unification and prosperity. However, Zhao Kuangyin, who was superior to the martial arts, died unclear, and his death became an unsolved historical case. Some people say that Song Taizu died naturally; some people said that he died by accident and violently; others said that he was killed by his brother Zhao Guangyi . Then, whether Song Taizu died naturally or was murdered by others, the following author will discuss the author's point of view based on historical data.
Song Taizu Zhao Kuangyin
Let ’s take a look at the official history first, which is the official history book Song History. There is only one sentence in the record of Taizu ’s death: “Kugi Xi, Emperor collapsed in Wansui Hall, 50 years old.” Zhao Kuangyin, who was the founding king of Song Dynasty The deeds of a lifetime are recorded in the Taizu Benji extremely detailed, but only the twelve words are written about the cause of his death, which is too brief. Obviously it is not easy to see Song Taizu's death from this record.
Secondly, according to the historical tradition of our country, the throne inherits the tradition of the father and son, unless the former emperor does not have a son, he chooses his brother and his brother. However, Zhao Kuangyue Mingming had his second son, Zhao Guangyi, who ultimately succeeded. It is inferred from the tradition of the system that Song Taizu's death was not easy. The vagueness recorded in the official history book is also abnormal, so how exactly did Song Taizu die? According to the hint of another official history book and the private historical records, the author believes that the possibility of Song Taizu's death from Zhao Guangyi's murder is very high. Big, why do you say that?
Implications recorded in the side of Liao Shi
Although the history of Song Taizu's death is briefly recorded in "History of Song" and the cause of his death is not directly specified, another official revision history book, "Liao Shi", makes such a record, "November Bingzi, Songzhu Kuangyue, and his younger brother, Su Zi , Send envoys to sue. "(" Liao Shi Jing Zong Benji "). It is revealed here that Zhao Guangyi is independent and emperor. Obviously, independence was not designated by Zhao Kuangyin as his successor, which shows that Zhao Guangyi was out of place. The temptation of power to people is great. Since Zhao Guangyi is self-reliant, is it possible that he would kill his brother by taking the throne? Obviously, Zhao Guangyi has a very strong motivation to commit crimes.
Vague hint of "Axe Candle Shadow"
Regarding Zhao Kuangyin's driving down process, there is no record in the official history, but there are a lot of records in the personally compiled history books and notes which are the so-called "axe sound candle shadow" stories. According to the Record of Xu Xiangshan Wild Record: Before Zhao Kuangyin had been an emperor, there was a Taoist priest who said that he could become emperor in the future, and it was later fulfilled. In the nine years of Kaibao, Zhao Kuangyin found this Taoist who knows the past and future, and asked how many Yangshou he still has. The Taoist only answered that if the weather was fine on the night of October 20th of that year, Zhao Kuangyin could extend his life for another period. Take measures.
Taoist answered Zhao Kuangyin
On that night, when the weather was sunny and suddenly gloomy after a while, Zhao Kuangyin was very upset and summoned Jin King Zhao Guangyi to enter the palace for business. The eunuch palace woman retreated, only he and two were sitting opposite each other, two figures in one lamp. During the period, Zhao Kuangyin poked the ground with axe, Jin Wang had the intention of dodging, Zhao Kuangyin said to Jin King loudly, "Do it, do it well" Later, four more, Zhao Kuangyin violently, Jin king ascended the throne. However, there are different records in the "Long Compilation of Zizhi Zhijian". King Jin went out of the house after "Axe and Candle Shadow", but in any case, Zhao Guangyi was the last person to see Zhao Kuangyin.
The "Edition of the Continuation of the Zizhi Tongjian" records that Zhao Kuangyin was ill at the time, so for the Yellow Emperor's throne, Zhao Guangyi could completely kill his brother. Moreover, the "Long Editor" records "When the King of Jin may be away or absent from the seat, if there is something to avoid," it is entirely speculative that Zhao Kuangyin may be dissatisfied with his brother before poking the ground with axe, and fear coupled with the yelling of power, Zhao Guangyi was fully motivated to have time to kill his brother Zhao Kuangyin. In this sense, Zhao Guangyi's usurpation is also very likely.
Implications of Zhao Kuangyin's response
Sima Guang's notes "Liu Shui Ji Wen" and "Xi Zi Zhi Tong Jian Chang Bian" both recorded that after Zhao Kuangyin's death, Zhao Kuangyin's queen Song ordered eunuch Wang Jien to recruit the son of Qin Wang, Zhao Defang, who entered the palace. However, Wang Jien thought that the meaning of Zhao Kuangyue's passing from the throne to Jin was more obvious. He violated the queen's order and recruited Jin Wang Zhao Guangyi without permission. Queen Song's attitude to see King Jin was very surprised and unreasonable.
"After seeing the king, suddenly, even calling the official family, saying: 'My mother and son's life is entrusted to the official family.' Wang cried and said: 'To protect the rich and the rich, don't worry about it.'" Honorary title to the emperor. At that time, the king of Jin had not yet become king, and why the queen called it "official family." Based on this speculation, the queen may have noticed the conspiracy of King Jin to murder the emperor and usurp him, and was forced to admit for mercy.
Implications of Wang Jien and Jin's Attitude
It was mentioned earlier that Empress Song ordered the eunuch Wang Jien to call Qin Wang Zhao Defang to enter the palace, but Wang Jien did not listen to the order to recruit Jin Wang privately. What does this explain? Explains that this eunuch Wang Jien has already been bought by Jin king, otherwise how can an eunuch dare to violate the queen's order? What about then? Since King Jin can buy eunuchs, he can use these emperor's people to kill his own brother. The following records can also confirm that Wang Jien went to Jin Palace to invite King Jin to enter the palace. Jin Wang did not dare to enter the palace and discussed with his family for "long time to go." Wang Jien urged: "Long time will be a problem for others."
This record reveals two pieces of information: first, Zhao Kuangyin did not specify that heir was Zhao Guangyi; second, more than Zhao Guangyi was qualified to inherit the throne. If it is clear that heir is King Jin, he will not dare to enter the palace. If Zhao Guangyi succeeds in the throne, Wang Jien will not say that. Therefore, Zhao Guangyi is very likely to launch a coup to take the throne for the sake of power, and the premise of taking the throne is to kill his own brother. This reasoning is also reasonable.
Wang Jien privately recruited King Jin
Song Taizong's attitude towards his nephew brothers
After Zhao Guangyi became emperor, in order to prove his legitimacy, he moved out of the " Golden Alliance " of Queen Mother Du, saying that Queen Mother Du has an order from his brother, and in accordance with the order Zhao Guangyi should pass to his fourth brother Zhao Tingmei. But Song Taizong kept suppressing Zhao Tingmei, making him die young early. Later, Song Taizong forced his eldest nephew, Zhao Yanzhao, and the second nephew, Qin Wang, Zhao Defang, also died unexplainably. There is an old saying that "don't do bad things, don't be afraid of ghosts calling the door." If he didn't kill the emperor and wanted to pass on to his son, why should he kill his brother and nephew? Obviously there is a ghost in his heart.
Metaphors behind Zhang Shouzhen's "Godfall" incident
According to the "Long Zhizhi Tongjian Changbian" and "Liu Shui Ji Wen" records, the reason why Taizu summoned Jin tonight was Zhang Shouzhen's "God Down" incident. The Taoist priest Zhang Shouzhen once lowered the god of heaven in his home. Only Zhang Shouzhen could understand what he said, and he explained everything very well. One day, Zhao Kuangyin did not heal his illness, so he ordered the eunuch Wang Jien to call Zhang Shouzhen to bring himself to God, but after the advent of the immortal, he said, "The heavenly palace is ready, the jade lock is opened, and the Jin king has kindness." After speaking, no more come. Taizu felt that this statement was different, and he called Jin Wang at night, and ordered future events.
Heavenly palace palace has become ...
The ambiguity of this incident was superficially unrelated to Song Taizu's death, but it was not so simple to study it in detail. First, Zhang Shouzhen's "Shen Jiang" objectively provided Zhao Guangyi's succession with the legitimacy of Tian Jiang Xiang Rui. In ancient times, Tian Jiang Xiang Rui was the main basis of political legitimacy, so this event ultimately benefited King Jin. Secondly, the eunuch Wang Jien, who appeared many times later and played an important role in Song Taizong's succession, had a role in the execution of Zhang Shouzhen.
As analyzed above, Wang Jien is very likely to be bought by King Jin, so you can make an inference. Since Wang Jien has been bought by Jin King, then he will also cooperate with others to help Jin King take the throne, whether it is privately calling Jin King or persuading him Jin Wang's quick entry into the palace was all in preparation for Jin Wang's seizing the throne, and Zhang Shouzhen's "Shen Jiang" provided a legal basis for Jin Wang's succession. Then push it down. If Wang Jien and Zhang Shouzhen all serve the Jin king, then the Jin king has the motive for usurping the throne. From this point of view, Zhao Guangyi can't get rid of ties.
Zhao Kuangyin is likely to be killed by Zhao Guangyi
In summary, the greatest possibility of Song Taizu Zhao Kuangyue was his brother Zhao Guangyi's death. So, how did Zhao Guangyi kill his emperor? First of all, it is impossible to use a pole axe. According to historical records, Zhao Kuangyin has high martial arts and created his own martial arts of Taizu Changquan. Zhao Guangyi is a literati and has no ability to directly kill Zhao Kuangyue. In addition, the column axe is made of jade, and he can't cut people dead with a column ax Even if he could kill Zhao Kuangyin, he would shock the eunuchs and maids outside the palace, so he would never use a pole axe. Song Taizu is most likely to have been killed by poison.
Hou Shu 's deceased monarch Meng Xun, the Southern Tang emperor Li Yu , and Wu Yue monarch Qian Xie all died under the poison of Song Taizong. Secondly, in order to avoid the suspicion, Emperor Song Zong was most likely to use the eunuch palace woman bought by him to replace Zhao Kuangyin, and the most effective method was poison. Therefore, Song Taizu is likely to die under poison. As to the cause of Song Taizu's death, there have been divergent opinions for thousands of years. The author can only infer based on existing historical data, but to solve this historical mystery, many scholars and history enthusiasts need to continue to study and read.
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