Tianshui County, Gansu, Nanyang County, Henan, Jincheng County, Gansu, Xiaoji County, Jiangsu, Xichuan County, Henan.
Origin of the surname Zhao
The surname "Zhao" is derived from the "嬴" surname. According to the "Tang Shu" records, the 13th-generation grandfather of the ancient Dongyi tribe leader Boyi , during the time of King Zhou Mu, said that he had taken good horses and offered them to King Zhou Mu and King Zhou Mu. Ride the eight horses west to hunt. When he came to Kunlun Mountain, the Queen Mother of the West hosted a banquet in the pool to entertain him. He sang and sang and forgot to return . For the King Zhou Mu's car, he became more and more thousands of miles away and rebelled against King Xu Yu . Then Zhou Mu Wang made his father in Zhaocheng, now Shanxi Province. Hongdong has north, followed by Zhao's . The " 100 Family Surnames " and the Song Dynasty , the emperor 's last name is the national surname , of course, first. The first sentence of " 100 surnames" is " Zhao Qiansun Li", "Zhao" means "right", and "money" means "money."
It has three origins: 1. Originated from Jin Tian's Shaohao . Sima Zhen's " Historical Records of Suo Yin" states: "After Zuo Zhuan, after the country of Shao Hao, and the surname of Gai also has a family of Qin and Zhao Yizu Shao Hao." In the Western Zhou Dynasty, the descendants of Shao Hao made fathers for their work. Was given to Zhao Cheng, who later established Zhao Guo during the Warring States Period. After Zhao Guo died, his descendants took the country as the clan. 2. To change the surname of Zhao for ethnic minorities. For example, in the Han Dynasty, there were Zhao Anji (Hun), Zhao Tiaofu ("Nanman"), and in the fifth generation, there was Zhao Guozhen (descendant of Chief She). 3, Zhao Song Dynasty given a surname. There were historical figures named Li , Mu , Long and Yuwen, who were given the surname Zhao . 4. Take the country as the last name. The father-in-law of the father-in-law is Zhou Xuan Wang Yu. His uncle was born to his uncle, and because of Zhou Youwang's incompetence, he left Zhou's royal family to go to Jin State, and was a Jinwen Houyu . In this way, the Zhao family entered the Jin Dynasty, and later life became a doctor. When Zhou Weilie was king, he was listed as a vassal, and the founding monarch Zhao Liehou was the descendant of the doctor Jin Zhao, who was one of the seven males in the Warring States Period. After being destroyed by the Qin State, the Zhao Guogong clan gave the surname as the original state, and became the Zhao surname.
Cepheid, descendant of Shaohao, a famous horseman of Western Zhou Dynasty. Thanks to King Zhou Mu, it is said that he once took eight good horses and dedicated them to the king, and went west to Kunlun, seeing the mother of the west, and forgot to return. After hearing about Xuzhou's King Xu Yi turned against him, he drove the car for thousands of miles, and returned at the right time. He was able to calm things down and was given power to Zhao Cheng (now Zhaocheng Town, Hongdong County, Shanxi Province). When it was passed down to Zhao Xiangzi, he and Han and Wei were divided into three places to establish the kingdom of Zhao. In 2222 BC, Zhao was destroyed by Qin. Later descendants named the surname Zhao with the country name, and respected their father as their ancestor.
In the Western Zhou Dynasty, the seventh generation of the father-in-law of the Cepheus led some clans from Zhoutou and prospered. He established Zhao Kingdom when the Three Kingdoms were divided into Jin, which is historically known as "Going to Zhou Rujin and Zhao surnamed Shichang". By the time of Zhao's death, the surname Zhao had been distributed in Shanxi, Hebei, Henan, and Shandong. After Emperor Qin Shizhao destroyed Zhao, he moved Wang Jia to Tianshui, Gansu Province. Zhao Wangqian was exiled to Fangxian County, Hubei Province today. In the last years of the Qin Dynasty, Zhao Ding, a native of Zhengding (now Hebei Zhengding), established the South Vietnam State , and extended the scope of activities of the surname Zhao to the present day in Guangdong, Guangxi and northern Vietnam. In the late Western Han Dynasty, Sister Zhao Feiyan was killed, and her family was forced to migrate to Liaoxi County, which was also the beginning of Zhao's activities in the Northeast. In order to avoid Dong Zhuo 's chaos in the late Eastern Han Dynasty, Zhao Da, a Luoyang man, took refuge and moved to Jiangdong. During the Northern Wei Dynasty, the Zhao family of Tianshui moved to Luoyang, and their descendants Sun Zhaogui moved to Wuchuan (now Inner Mongolia). At the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, a soldier with the surname Zhao went to Fujian and settled in Ping'an "Savage Squall". In the Five Dynasties, Zhao settled in Guangzhou with the Liu Gongnan Han regime. According to the " History of the Clan of Song History ", the clan of the Song Dynasty is divided into three tribes, namely, the Taizu ( Zhao Kuangyin ) tribe, the Taizong ( Zhao Guangyi ) tribe, and the King of Wei (Zhao Tingmei) tribe. The tribe of the ancestors were divided into the tribe of Yan Wang ( Zhao Dezhao ) and the tribe of Qin Wang (Zhao Defang). The tribe of Yan Wang relocated to the following areas due to the release of officials in the late Northern Song Dynasty: Chuzhou, Anhui, Shuzhou, Sichuan (now Chongqing), Taizhou, Jiangsu, Zhenjiang, Fuzhou, Fujian, Quanzhou, Ji'an, Jiangxi, Jiangling, Hubei, Nanxiong, Guangdong, etc. The Qin tribe moved to the following areas: Shaoxing, Huzhou, Taizhou, Mingzhou, Luzhou, Zhejiang, Fuzhou, Quanzhou, Zhenzhou, Taiping, Jiangsu Wang Wei was downgraded to Fangzhou (now Fangxian County, Hubei Province), and his offspring migrated to Kaifeng, Luoyang, Yizhou, Jezhou, Tingzhou, Fujian, Kunshan, Wucheng, and Xiushui, Zhejiang. After the shame of Jingkang , the two Huiqin sects were exiled to the Five Kingdoms City (now Songhua River Estuary in Heilongjiang), and the Taizong tribe spread and proliferated in the northeast. At the beginning of the Southern Song Dynasty , King Kang Zhao moved south to Hangzhou and settled the capital. Some surnamed Zhao moved to Jiangnan, some moved to Changshu, Jiangsu, and some moved to Shangrao, Jiangxi. The Southern Song was destroyed. The Southern Song clan fled to Penghu, Chaoyang and other places, and later in Fujian and Guangdong. Proliferation in the area. Since the Song Dynasty , the surname of Zhao has spread all over the country. It is worth pointing out that Zhao surnamed overseas. At the end of the Ming Dynasty, the surname Zhao did not hesitate to venture across the ocean to overseas, and his ethnic composition was diverse, with settlements in Southeast Asia and the United States. For example, the Zhao surname of the Yao ethnic group is distributed in Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam and the United States, France, Canada and other countries; the Zhao surname of the Zhuang ethnic group is scattered in Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and other places.
History of Zhao's Migration
Before and after the Han Dynasty, the father was sealed in Zhaocheng and got the surname of Zhao. When his uncle took it, he led his grandchildren to move to Jin State. In this way, when Zhao State died, Zhao surname had been distributed in the following areas: Zhao Cheng, Geng, Yuan, Jin Yang, Dai, Handan, Wucheng and Zhending all have Zhao surnames today in Shanxi, Hebei, Henan, Shandong and other places. Zhao's territory includes part of present-day Shaanxi. Zhao Wulin reigned as a land expander, and the territory expanded to the Hetao region. The scope of Zhao 's activities before the death of Zhao also included present-day Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia. After Qin Shihuang destroyed Zhao Kingdom, he dispatched Wang Wangjia to Xirong, and the surname Zhao moved to Gansu. The son of Zhao Jia, the son of Zhao Gong and his descendants, lived in Tianshui (now Gansu), forming a Wang family; Zhao Wangqian was exiled by Qin Shihuang to this day. Fangxian County, Hubei Province, the descendants of the current generation in Hubei; Qin Shihuang moved to the six nobles to Guanzhong.
2. Migration from Han to Song. The descendants of Zhao Wangqian of the Western Han Dynasty moved to Liwu, Li County (now southwest of Boye County, Hebei Province). This place originally belonged to Hejian, so Zhao County of Li County was also called Hejian Zhao. During the Southern Dynasty, a branch of the Zhao family in Tianshui moved to Jiangnan. A branch of the Zhao family in Tianshui relocated to Wuchuan (Wuchuan, Inner Mongolia) during the Northern Wei Dynasty. Nan'an Zhao Da served as the secretary of the Northern Wei reservoir, sealed Jinzi, and left his family to move to Luoyang, the capital of the Northern Wei. At that time, in order to prevent the harassment of Rouran (the two ethnic minorities in the ancient North), the Northern Wei Dynasty set up many military towns on the northern border, and chose the nobles and the officials and children of the government to guard it. Zhao Ren's son, Zhao Renyin, guarded Wuchuan Town and moved his family from Luoyang to Wuchuan. Zhao Ren's grandson, Zhao Gui, became an important member of the Wuchuan Military Group. He followed Yu Wentai into Guan Long, one of the Eight Pillars of the Western Wei Dynasty. He occupied Guan Long for the Yu Wen family and established great achievements in the Northern Zhou Dynasty . Chu Guogong , once served as Northern Zhou Taifu, Otsuka, and moved back to Luoyang from Wuchuan. The Zhao family in Nan'an, Tianshui, also moved during the Northern Wei Dynasty. This surname Zhao moved from Luo Dynasty to Luoyang. A branch of the Zhao family in Tianshui lived in Nanzheng (now Hanzhong, Shaanxi Province) during the Northern Wei Dynasty, and later moved to Luoyang from Nanzheng. A branch of the Zhao family in the west of Tianshui moved to Luoyang. A branch of the Zhao family in Gansu now lives in Luoyang.
3. Migration since the Song Dynasty. In 960 AD, Chen Qiaoyi's soldiers changed Zhao Kuangyin to establish the Song Dynasty. Until the death of the Northern Song Dynasty in 1127, the royal family with the surname of Zhao remained sealed as the king of the county.
Zhao Yun : (? -229) is a famous general of the Three Kingdoms , the character Zilong, and the Three Kingdoms are often fixed. From the beginning of Gongsun 瓒 , later attached to Liu Bei . Brave and warrior, known for his loyalty. Feng Yongchang Pavilion Hou, tired to move the town generals, died in Shunping.
Zhao Feiyan : (? ~ 1 BC) Emperor Hancheng . Good singing and dancing, because the body is as light as a bird, it is called a flying bird. When he became an emperor, he entered the palace and became the emperor's favor. He became a queen and was favored for more than ten years. Ai Emperor established, respected him as Empress Dowager , and in the early years of Ping Emperor, abolished as a puppet, then committed suicide.
Zhao Pu : Thistle (now southwest of Beijing), a virtuous person in the early Northern Song Dynasty, contributed to the establishment of the Northern Song Dynasty, and has the reputation of "half of the Analects of Confucius governing the world". Zhao Hui of Song Huizong : Politically faint, humiliated and humiliated, he was banned from the Golden Kingdom after being captured, but artistically distinguished. He once founded the Palace Hall Painting School, and his calligraphy is called "Slim Gold".
Zhao Mengfu: a native of Huzhou (now Wuxing, Zhejiang), an outstanding painter and painter of the Yuan Dynasty . It has a profound impact on future generations, and is called a generation of great masters.
Zhao Zhiqian : Born in Zhejiang Huiji (now Shaoxing) and one of the three major painters in the late Qing Dynasty, his books, paintings and seal engravings have a profound impact on later generations.
Zhao Daiwen: A member of Wutai, Shanxi, a member of the League, a veteran of the Kuomintang, and then the chairman of the Shanxi Province of the Kuomintang.
Zhao Dengyu : Heze native of Shandong, commander of the 29th Army of the Kuomintang, Chifengkou during the Great Wall Anti-Japanese War , and after the Lugou Bridge Incident, he died violently in the battle to defend Beiping.
Zhao Shuli: a native of Qinshui, Shanxi, a well-known contemporary writer and author of "Sanliwan", "Li Youcai Banhua" and "Xiao Erhei Married" etc., his language is simple and vivid, and it reflects the life of the new countryside at that time.
Zhao Yuanren : a native of Tianjin, a contemporary linguist. He is fluent in Chinese, English, German, French and many other languages. He has made great achievements in many fields, enjoys a good reputation in the academic world, and has written extensively. Research "," Language Problems "," Selected Songs of Zhao Yuanren ", etc.