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Jiang

Distribution area

Donglai County: Donglai County was founded in the Gaozu period of the Western Han Dynasty, and it was located in Yi County (now Laizhou City, Shandong Province), and it moved to Huang County (now East of Longkou City, Shandong Province) during the Eastern Han Dynasty . Later it was changed to the state, and it was changed to Laizhou in the Tang Dynasty . Le'an County: In the tenth year of the Eastern Han Dynasty (96 AD), it changed the state of Qiancheng County to Linzhi (now northwest of Gaoyuan Town, Qing County, Shandong Province). It is equivalent to Boxing Gaoqing, Huantai, Guangrao and Shouguang counties in Shandong Province. During the Three Kingdoms period , it was changed to a county during the Wei Dynasty , and the government office was moved to Gaoyuan (now southwest of Boxing, Shandong Province).

Historical source

`` Jiang '' Origin

The surname of Jiang (Jiǎng 蒋) is relatively pure in Yuan and Han. It has two origins: 1. From the surname of Ji , after the third son of Zhou Gong Ji Dan was named Bo Ling, he was named by his country. According to "Zuo Zhuan", "The Book of Tang Prime Ministers", "Yuanhe Surname Compilation", etc., in the early Western Zhou Dynasty, the third son of Zhou Gong Ji Dan was called Boying, and was sealed in Jiang to establish Jiang Guo. A small country in the Zhou Dynasty . Later, Jiang State was destroyed by Chu State , and the descendants of Boying gave their surname as Jiang's surname . "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" records: "The third son of Zhougong Boying Feng Jiang, the descendants of the grandson, the country in Runan County Sisi County." The county was named after the restoration of the period of the Sisi County, Henan is now the government. Huaibin County is 13 km southeast of the city, and it is adjacent to the Dead River in the north. It was set by Chu Hou in the spring and autumn. It belongs to Runan County, and it changed to Poyang County during the Wei and Jin dynasties. Therefore, the surname of Jiang surnamed Jiang is in Huaibin, Henan Province today. 2. The surname Jiang from other ethnic minorities. Such as Manchu, Mongolian, Hui, Lahu, Baoan, Brown, Miao, Yao, Qiang, Tujia, Zhuang, Qiang and Kucong people.

Ancestor

Jiang Boling. According to the "Yuanhe Surname Compilation", the clan was born from the surname Ji, which was named after the third son Bo Ling of Zhou Gongdan . After Zhou Wu King Ji Fa destroyed the imperious Shang Yang King , he established the Zhou Dynasty, and soon after he reigned, he was succeeded by King Zhou Cheng . Because he was young, he was ruled by Zhou Gongdan. Zhou Gongdan helped the king to calm down. After the rebellion of the son of King Shang Yang Wu Geng and the Dongyi ethnic group, the patriarchal system was established, the statute system was established, and the princes with the same surname were continually sealed. Jiang Ji, who said today is the west of Guangshan County, Henan Province, is called Jiang Bo in the world. In 617 BC, Jiang was destroyed by the Chu Kingdom. Later descendants named the country by the surname Jiang , and respected Jiang Boling as the ancestor of the surname Jiang.

Migration distribution

Henan was the original birthplace of the surname Jiang. After the extermination of Chiang by Chu, most of the surnamed Jiang relocated outside Henan. During the Qin and Han dynasties, Jiang moved to Shaanxi to the west and Shandong to the east. Among them, the Jiang surname in Boxing and Shouguang in Shandong Province reproduced most vigorously. Therefore, the surname Jiang has the custom of using "Le'an" as its hall name. Jiang's surname moved south earlier than ordinary surnames. It began in the Han Dynasty . During the Jianwu period of the Eastern Han Dynasty , the martyrdom Hou Jiang Heng was assaulted. His nine sons took refuge in the Quartet. After Emperor Guangwu awakened, the nine sons were sealed off everywhere. Hou Yi, Hou Ji Hou Zheng, Lin Su Hou Zhe, Lin Hu Hou Ye, Pu Ting Hou Xuan, Lin Jiang (now Chongqing Zhongxian County) Hou Chuan, Jiujiang (now Jiangxi Province) Hou Yan, Yun Yang (now Shaanxi Province Chun Hou Mo and Han Ting (now Yixing, Jiangsu Province) Hou Cheng. It can be seen that since Jiang Heng, most of his descendants have scattered in Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Hubei, Hunan and other places in the south of China, and have become the founding ancestors of the region. This actually increased the scope of Jiang's activities. At the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, a branch moved from Henan to Donglai County, Shandong, and Jiang Ji of Cao Wei was the descendant of the Three Kingdoms . In this period, Jiang Xiu (the grandson of the Western Han Dynasty, Jiang Xizhi's tenth grandson) moved to Xianyang County, Yiyang (now Yixing, Jiangsu), and his descendants moved to Sanling, Fenghua, Zhejiang. According to research, there are no two Jiang in the world, and the Chinese surnamed Jiang originally belonged to one family. After the Han Dynasty, the surnames of Jiang mostly came from Yixing, Jiangsu. Their ancestors were Hanting and Jiang Cheng. Later, most of the surnames of Jiang in China came from Yixing. At the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, Chen Yuanguang moved into Fujian to open Zhang. There was a surname of Jiang who would follow him. In this period, the surname of Jiang from Zhejiang Tiantai moved to Fenghua, Zhejiang. In the Five Dynasties, Jiang Xian's descendants, Jiang Xian, served as a salt officer of the Siming Supervisor and lived in Cailian Bridge in Ningbo City. Later generations of literati rose to become the Shangzhangwang clan. After the Song Dynasty, the surnames of Jiang in Fujian and Guangdong had prospered. In the first quarter, Shi Jiegong (the son of King Jin Ziguanglu of the Song Dynasty , the son of Jiang Junming) moved to Fengxiao Wuling Township (now Xikou Town), the ancestor of Chiang Kai-shek . During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Fujian, Guangdong, and Jiang moved to overseas. In 1949, Chiang Kai-shek lost to Taiwan, and a large number of Jiang surnames followed. Today, the surname Jiang has spread widely, especially in Sichuan, Jiangsu, Hunan, Zhejiang and other provinces. The four surnames Jiang in the four provinces account for about 60% of the Han population of the nation. The surname Jiang is the 43rd largest surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.47 percent of the Han population in China.

Hall number

Le'an Hall: Jiang surnamed Ji is the descendant of Zhou Dynasty. Zhou Gongdan's third son, Boying, was sealed in Jiangdi (now Jiangji in the northeast of Gushi, Henan Province, and now in the west of Guangshan County, Henan Province) to establish Jianguo. In the spring and autumn, Chiang was destroyed by Chu, and the descendants of Boying were named after the country, and they were called the Jiang family. Later, some of the descendants moved to Le'an (now Zouping, Shandong Province), where they developed into the Wangs. Zhong Shantang: In the late Han Dynasty, Liling Lieutenant Jiang Ziwen died when he killed the bandits in the mountains. He said before his death, "My bones are light and I must become a god after death." In the era of the Three Kingdoms, Sun Quan of the State of Wu established the state capital in Jiankang (now Nanjing, Jiangsu Province). One day, Sun Quan visited Zhongshan Hall, and he really saw Fuling Lieutenant Jiang Ziwen, who had been dead for a long time, riding a white horse and holding a goose feather fan. Sun Quan built a temple for him on Zhongshan and sent someone to worship him. Jiang's name is "Zhongshan". Jiuhoutang: Jiang Xi was loyal to the Han Dynasty in the Western Han Dynasty, and Wang Mang asked him to be a courtier after usurping the Han. He resolutely refused, and was killed by Wang Mang. After Emperor Guangwu's Zhongxing Han room, Jiang Yan was dead, Emperor Guangwu named his nine sons Hou. Jiang's name is "Nine Hou". In addition, the main hall names of the surname Jiang are: "Juyi Hall", "Yi Zheng Hall", "Shen Shu Hall", "Le'an Hall" and so on.

Clan characteristics

1. There is no Jiang in the world, the source of Jiang surname is relatively pure. 2. The Jiang surname originates from the north, and it flourishes from the south. It is a typical southern surname . 3. In history, the surname of Jiang was very talented and brilliant. 4, word line generations are broken. For example, according to the "Hangtang Jiang Family Tree", the surname Jiang of Ningyi, Hunan Province: "Jizhong Chengyuanyuan Hehaizhao, the nation of the Yong Dynasty, the nation of the Thai people, the ancestor of the Anxiang ancestral family, and the hero of Yingxian and Shouying Yingchangrong . "Continuation of the word behavior of the Xiu school:" The original capital will be reached, and you will have a regular education, your filial piety will be a pioneer, and your poem will be famous. "

[General couplet of the ancestral temple of Jiang surname ]

〖Four Words General Union of Jiang Surname Ancestral Hall〗

Jiuzhou Shize; Three Path Family Voice. ——Anonymous wrote the general code of the ancestral hall of the surnamed Jiang, referring to Han Jiang, who lived in seclusion. The court opened three paths, thanked guests behind closed doors, but communicated with Gao Yishi Qiu Zhong and Yang Zhong.

Shanting Shize; Jadeite celebrities. ——Anonymous, the general surname of the ancestral hall of Jiang surnamed Jianglian refers to Jiang Guo, the place where Western Zhou Jiang Boling was confined, with ancient pavilions. The Xialian Code refers to celebrities such as Jiang Yu, a Song writer.

For the social media; with Wen Wucai. ——Anonymous The surname of the ancestral temple of Jiang surnamed the Three Kingdoms. Jiang Yan entered the Shu with Liu Bei , and Zhuge Liang called it "a social weapon, not a hundred li." After Liang died, he became the prime minister. The Xialian Code refers to the Three Kingdoms Jiang Ji, and has talents in civil and military fields.

Zhongshan stay to worship; bamboo path first guest. ——Anonymous, the surname of the ancestral temple of Jiang surnamed the General Union and the couplet of the Eastern Han Dynasty; Jiang Ziwen; The Xialian Code returned to the hometown of Han Jiangxi and set up three paths in the courtyard without leaving the house.

Bronze Fuding Dingyu; ——Anonymous article written by the General Union of Jiang surnamed Ancestral Hall refers to Han Jiangman, and his son Jiang Wantongyi to meet. Emperor Xuan said: "Father and son declared the same day break symbol." That is, Xiayu took Jiang Man as the Huainan phase and Jiang Wan as the farmer.

〖Jiang Ancestral Hall Five Words General Union〗

Shanting Mianshize; Jing Jing praises celebrities. ——Anonymous wrote the general surname of the ancestral temple of Jiang surnamed Jiang Puling, which refers to the place where Jiang Boling was sealed. The Xialian Code refers to celebrities such as Jiang Yu, a Song writer.

Four seals are beautiful; three paths are bamboo and clear. ——Anonymous wrote the common surname of the ancestral temple of Jiang surnamed Tang Jiangxi. The Xialian Code refers to Han Jiang Yan. Restoration was strong and strong; there was Gu Yu and Sun Liang. ——The General Union of the Ancestral Temple of Jiang surnamed by Jiang Xiangyi wrote the General Association of the Ancestral Temple of Jiang Family in Tianmen City, Hubei Province by Jiang Xiangxi.

〖Six Languages General Union of Jiang Ancestral Hall〗

The poems of Yayan are polite; Yiyou forgive more. ——Jiang Heng's General Couplet of the Ancestral Hall of the Surnamed Jiang used the Qing Dynasty calligrapher Jiang Heng to write the book couplet. Jiang Heng is from Jintan.

〖Jiangxing Ancestral Hall of Seven Words General Union〗

The color is all over the four seals; the bamboo yin leaves three paths clear. ——Anonymous wrote the common surnames of the surnamed ancestral hall of Jiangxi, referring to Tang Jiangxi, the four brothers are all talents. The Xialian Code refers to Han Jiang Yan.

Fu Qiuhe is a beautiful woman; she visits her aunt over Qingxi. ——Anonymous wrote the general surname of the ancestral temple of Jiang surnamed Tang Jiangfang. Xialian Code refers to Dong Han Jiang Ziwen.

Bangxian Biyan's three unique paintings; Ting Xi integrated ten thousand books. ——Anonymous Jiang Ming Ancestral Hall General Union Shanglian Code was published by the Ming Dynasty painter Jiang Shixing, with the word Bangxian, and tasted the building of the God Tower in Biyan, which lasted for three years, and painted "True Martial Arts Statue" and "Shangying Image" and "Waterfall Longkou" The "icons" are collectively known as the three musts. The Xialian Code published Jiang Tingxi, a scholar at the Mandarin Temple of Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty, and ordered the 10,000 volumes of "Integration of Ancient and Modern Books".

Songzhu still has three-path chrysanthemums; ——Anonymous wrote Jiang surnamed ancestral hall general couplet code refers to Han Jiangxi. The Xialian Code refers to Jiang Ma, the chief of the Three Kingdoms Shu, with the word “Gong”.

Shuzhong had been like a dragon; Xiangshang passed the name of a tiger. ——Anonymous The General Association of the Ancestral Temple of Jiang surnamed Jiang An.

Zu Demian made a long journey to the Eastern Han Dynasty; ——Anonymous The General Association of the Ancestral Temple of Jiang Family This joint is the Jiang Family Temple Association of Jiang Ci Village, Bishan County, Anhui Province.

Gao Jie's natural flying stone crane; ——Anonymous The General Code of the General Assembly of the Ancestral Temple of Jiang surnamed Jiang Guojun Jiang Zihan in the Spring and Autumn Period of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty.

〖Jiangxing Ancestral Hall with Seven or More Words General Union〗

The jade bamboo shoots are classy and plentiful and lovely; Qionghua is straight-bodied and daring. ——Anonymous and General Scriptures of the Ancestral Hall of Jiang surnamed the General Couplet Code, referring to Jiang Ning, a scholar of the Tang Dynasty in Xian Dynasty , with a beautiful posture and the name Shuiyue Guanyin . The next couplet code specifies the generation of Emperor Jiang Yao.

Tingxiong is to be awarded, Wenjing Wuwei; Zongxi Kexiao, Zixiao Sunxian. ——The joint name of the ancestral ancestral hall of the surname Jiang written by the anonymous name is the ancestral hall of the Jiang ancestral hall of Xiandu Town, Hua'an County, Fujian Province (1).

Tingcai built Le'an, the beautiful poems and inscriptions of all ancient poems; ——Anonymous, the common surname of the ancestral temple of Jiang surnamed this joint is the ancestral ancestral hall of the Jiang ancestral hall of Xiandu Town, Hua'an County, Fujian Province (2).

Shao Lu traveled to Taihe City to open Yanzhuang Village and became famous in Wu County; Zhongnan returned to Xiangxiang and returned to Qujing, Desheng and Chu State. ——Anonymous General Association of Jiang Ancestral Hall This joint is the Jiang Ancestral Hall of Sha Clan in Shaxi, Hunan Province.

Celebrities

Jiang Yan: A native of Han Duling (now Xi'an, Shaanxi Province), under the name of Lian, Wang Mang came to power and returned to his hometown without complaint. There are three paths in his courtyard, which only communicate with Yang Zhong and Qiu Zhong. Later, the "Three Paths" was used as a proxy for the hermit's residence.

Jiang Zhi: a drama writer and writer in the Qing Dynasty . There are 16 kinds of dramas and legends. Poems and fame are famous, and they are called "Three Great People on the River" with Yuan Mei and Yuan Yi.

Jiang Yi: Changshu in Jiangsu Province, a painter and poet in the Qing Dynasty, filial piety, negative talents, poetry and craftsmanship, good deeds, Jinshi and Master of the Twelve Years of Kangxi .

Jiang Ren: Carving and calligrapher in Qing Dynasty. Mingtai, a flat character, was renamed Ren because of the bronze seal of "Jiangren" in Pingshantang, Yangzhou. The name of Zishantang was Jiluojushi, a female bed resident, and a native of Hangzhou, Zhejiang. His seal engraving is based on Ding Jing's ancestor and can be creative and interesting. Because of his temperament, he does not easily play a knife for others, and there are not many works in circulation. Known as one of the "Xi Lian Eight".

Jiang Ziwen: Born in Guangling (present-day Yangzhou) in the Three Kingdoms , Liling Captain at the end of the Han Dynasty, chased the robber to the foot of Zhongshan and died. In the early years of the Eastern Wu Dynasty, some officials saw Jiang Ziwen riding a white horse on the avenue, holding a white feather fan in his hand, and his servants followed him from the left and right. Just like in his lifetime, the emperor built a temple for Jiang Ziwen and renamed Zhongshan Jiangshan. The remains of Baima Village and Jiangwang Temple are kept as place names, and they have been preserved to this day.

Jiang Shixing: a painter of the Ming Dynasty , a native of Changxing County, Zhejiang Province. Good at drawing and painting, the new painting of Zhenwu is especially unique, and it is called the Three Bests together with "Shangying Image" and "Waterfall Longkou Icon".

Jiang Shizhen: The word Xinyu, the word Yisheng, No. Qingrong, No. Zangyuan, Dingfu at night, or Lishi Lishi from the department. Lead Mountain (now Jiangxi Province). Qing Dynasty poet, writer, opera writer. In the twenty-second year of Qianlong (1757), he was a scholar, and was edited by Guan Hanlin Academy. He, together with Yuan Mei and Yuan Yi, called them "Three Great People on the River". He is the author of Zhongyatang Collection.

Jiang Tingxi: a native of Changshu, Jiangsu Province, a bachelor of Chinese Mandarin from Kangxi Mansion of Qing Dynasty. Gongshi is good at painting, especially fine flowers, and he often uses Yi pen to sketch. Emperor Yongzheng once ordered 10,000 volumes of "Integration of Ancient and Modern Books". He has also written "Qing Tongxuan", "Autumn Wind" and "Pianyun".

Jiang Baili : Ming Fangzhen, No. Ningning, Ninghai, Zhejiang Province, military theorist, General Army. Throughout his life, he has carefully studied military theory and the state of the world's military, and has written about Hongfu. Military works include "On National Defense" and "The Complete Works of Jiang Baili" handed down.

Chiang Kai-shek : The name is Zhongzheng. He attended Baoding Military Academy in his early years and later studied in Japan to join the Alliance. During the 1911 Revolution , Chen Qimei , the governor of the Shanghai Army, was attached. After failing to operate the stock exchange in Shanghai, he turned to Sun Yat-sen . In 1924, Sun Yat-sen determined the three major policies of United Russia, the Communist Party, and the support of agricultural workers, and reorganized the Kuomintang. Chiang Kai-shek expressed his support and was trusted by Sun Yat-sen to send to the former Soviet Union to study. After returning to China, he served as principal of the Huangpu Military Academy and commander of the First Army of the National Revolutionary Army . In 1926, the "Zhongshan Ship Incident" and "Reorganization of the Party Affairs Case" were created, and the Communists were excluded, taking the opportunity to obtain the positions of Chairman of the KMT Central Committee, Minister of Organization, and Commander-in-Chief of the National Revolutionary Army. In 1927, he launched the "April 12" counter-revolutionary coup in Shanghai and established the Kuomintang government in Nanjing. He served as chairman of the Military Commission and chairman of the Central Political Bureau meeting, and held military and political power. In 1948 he convened the National Congress and passed the constitution, and he was elected president. In the winter of 1949, he led some senior officials and remnants of the National Guard to Taiwan. He died of illness in Taipei on April 5, 1975, at the age of 88. Jiang Jingguo : Also known as Jianfeng, the Russian name is Nicholas, the Fenghua of Zhejiang, the eldest son of Chiang Kai-shek, studied in the Soviet Union in his early years, went to Taiwan in 1949, served as chairman of the Kuomintang Central Committee in 1975, and became "president" in 1978. He died of illness in Taipei in January 1988. After Jiang Jingguo's death, our leaders expressed their deep condolences over the unfortunate death of Jiang Jingguo, and issued a conversation on January 14th, affirming that Jiang Jingguo insisted on one China, opposed "Taiwan independence", advocated national reunification, and stated that he would explain to history And made a series of actions to ease cross-strait relations. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, relevant persons and Jiang Jingguo's relatives on the mainland sent telegrams to Taipei.

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