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Qiu

Distribution area

Luoyang, Henan, Wuxing County, Zhejiang

Historical source

The Qiu (Qiu) surname is the 77th largest surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.27 % of the Han population in China .

`` Qiu '' originated

1. From Jiang surname , descended from Jiang Taigong. In the early years of the Western Zhou Dynasty, Taishang Lu Shang (Jiang surname, Shi, fame) was assisted by King Zuowu to destroy merchants, and was sealed in Qi, established Qi state , Duyingqiu (now Linzi, northeast of Zibo, Shandong), known as Qi Taigong Commonly known as Jiang Taigong. Among his descendants, there are those who have land as their clan, called Qiu's . 2. From the surname of Jiang, descendant of Jiang Taigong, one of the sons was given the surname of Qiu for his help. 3. From your surname. When Xia Emperor Shaokang , his youngest son, Qu Lie Yuzheng (now north of Tancheng County, Henan Province), was destroyed by the kingdom of Zhou Dynasty when King Zhou Ling, and his descendants went to Yi to Zeng . Qiu Wei's. This is what Zeng and Qiu Lianzong said. 4. From the surname of 妫, take the land as the clan. In the Spring and Autumn Period, Chen Guo (the founding monarch was Hu Gongman) had Wanqiu, and Qiang Guo (commonly built by the descendants of Qiang, with the surname Cao ) had weak hills. 5. From other clan changed surname. " Hou Han Biography" contains Qiu family in Wuhu. For example, Wuhu in Han Dynasty has Qiu family. In the Northern and Southern Dynasties , after Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei Dynasty moved the capital to Luoyang, Wei Shu. Guan Shizhi contained the complex surnames of the Xianbei, Qiulin, and Qiudun.

Migration distribution

In the pre-Qin period, the area where Qiu (Qiu) was active was mainly in Shandong area, and then moved west into Shaanxi area. During the Qin and Han dynasties, the surname Qiu (Qiu) moved south to the Jianghuai region, and the branch that settled in Shaoxing, Zhejiang was the fastest-growing group. During the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the famous surname Wu Xingqiu was formed. The main surname of Qiu (Qiu) has moved from the Central Plains and the North. Jiangnan. By the Tang and Song dynasties, Qiu (Qiu) surnames were distributed in North China, Central Plains, Sichuan, and other places. During the Song Dynasty , Qiu (Qiu) surnames had become the largest surnames in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Fujian, and were widely distributed throughout the south. He entered Taiwan in the early Qing Dynasty and is now a famous surname in Taiwan. At the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China , the Qiu surname in the south first proposed the restoration of the Qiu surname, so that there are both Qiu and Qiu in contemporary Chinese, but most of them still use Qiu as their surname. The contemporary Qiu (Qiu) surname has a population of nearly 3.8 million, which is the 65th surname in the country, accounting for about 0.3% of the national population.

Celebrities

Qiu Jun: (1421-1495), the word Zhongshen, the number is deep, and the name is Yufeng, Qiongtai, and the other is Haishan Taoist. Because of him, he lives in Qiongshan, Hainan. People also call him "Qiongshan" or "Qiongtai". Qiu Jun lost his father at an early age, and was educated diligently by his mother. He is smart, 17-year-old should be the first in the hometown exams, later in the junior junior , the official to the Ministry of Li Shangshu , Wenyuange University bachelor . During his life, he has hundreds of books such as "The Outline of the History of the World", "The Supplement to the University's Yiyi", "Family Etiquette", "The Qiongtai Poetry and Manuscripts", " Idiom Examination", "Universal History", and the drama "Taking Notes" Volume, won the reputation of "poem and prosperous world". After his death (the tomb is located in Shuitou Village, Haikou City), the emperor gave him a funeral, calling him "Wenzhuang".

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