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Qian

Distribution area

Pengcheng County (now Xuzhou), Jiangsu, Xiayu County (now northwest of Jiangsu), Wuxing County (now Yixing, Jiangsu)

Historical source

Origin of the money

1. The surname of Yuan and Peng is the surname of the people who are appointed by the government. In the Zhou Dynasty, there was an official title of "Sergeant Qianfu" who was in charge of finances, and he took the official as his clan. According to legend, it was the descendant of the ancient emperor Xuanxuan Pengzu (that is, Xun). Song Zheng, "The Tongzhi. The Clan Profile lists Qian 's "official as a clan" category, saying: Emperor Emperor Lu's great-grandson Lu lifetime Peng Zu, descendant Sun Fu, Zhou Qianfu sergeant, due to official order.

2. Name surname is one of the important means of ancient Chinese emperor Zhang Bu to imperial honor, to show his honour, to win and praise his vassals, and to invite people's hearts. In the fifth generation, Qian Mu established Wu Yue Kingdom with Hangzhou as the center. It lasted 86 years. It was peaceful in the country and the people were prosperous. Many Wu Yue bureaucrats were successively given the country name "money" and changed their name to money. " Song Shi Wu Yue Qian Clan" states that King Wu Yue of Wu Yue "gives his own surname more to the soldiers", and Qian Hong, who is the loyal prince, is called by the dynasty , and those who have changed their surname to Qian due to their surnames are called the same clan. They all think they belong to Qian . At present, Qian, who belongs to this kind of surname, is only found among the Taiwanese Gaoshan indigenous people. According to the "Taiwan Surnames", in the twenty-three years of the Qing Emperor Qianlong (1758), one of the seven Gaoshan indigenous people in Taiwan was loyal to the court. Thanks to the country, Qianlong Emperor Qianlong gave him the money. Since then, the situation has not changed, and it is still the Qian family.

Hall number

"Wu Yuetang": Qian Mu is the five-generation Wu Yue founding king. He was just a general in the late Tang Dynasty . However, he was well versed in the art of war, and was very good at fighting, defeated Wang Xi, destroyed Huang Chao , and leveled Liu Hanhong. The emperor promoted him to Zhenhai Jiushi because of his great achievements. At this time, Dong Chang rebelled. He leveled Dong Chang, and the emperor named him the king of Yue, and later he named him Wu. When Liang Taizu arrived, he was named King Wu Yue.

Migration distribution

Before the Qin Dynasty, the name of Qian was unclear. During the Qin and Han dynasties, Qian's surname quietly developed in Jiangsu's Xuzhou area. During the Three Kingdoms , Qian's surname had spread throughout Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Anhui. During the Jin Dynasty , Jiangxi became another important base for Qian. Before the Tang Dynasty , Qian's surnames had been distributed to the Central Plains and the north and south of the Yangtze River. The heyday of the development of the surname Qian was during the Tang and Song dynasties. Qian Gong became the emperor in Lin'an, that is, the Wuyue Kingdom was established in Hangzhou, Zhejiang today, and passed down to the five masters. It was separated from southern Jiangsu and Zhejiang for 86 years. Qian Gong's children and grandchildren were distributed to the southeast, and their children and grandchildren quickly proliferated in Jiangsu and Zhejiang. In particular, Wu Yueguo's steady fall of the Song Dynasty not only prevented the descendants of the surname Qian from being killed by war, but the people of the surname Qian could enter the Shi Song Dynasty , especially during the Southern Song Dynasty, whose population increased rapidly in the southeast region of the motherland. In the " hundred family names " formed in the Song Dynasty, the first sentence was " Zhao Qiansun Li", which is enough to prove the influence of Qian and the social status. Soon Qian entered the Guangdong-Guangdong region and set foot in Taiwan in the early Qing Dynasty. During the Song Dynasty, Qian had about 350,000 surnames, accounting for 0.45% of the country's population, ranking 49th. Zhejiang is the largest province with a surname of Qian, accounting for about 24% of the total population of Qian, and 1.5% of the total population of Zhejiang. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, and Shandong. These three provinces account for 54% of Qian's total population, followed by Henan, Sichuan, Anhui, Jiangxi, and Shaanxi. The five provinces have a centralized family of 33. %. The country has formed densely named Qian districts along the coasts of Shandong, Zhejiang, and southeast Jiangsu, as well as important distribution areas of Qian surnames along the Yangtze River. During the Ming Dynasty, Qian had about 530,000 surnames, accounting for 0.57% of the national population, and was the 38th surname of the Ming Dynasty. In the 600 years of the Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties, the net population growth rate was 20%, and the population growth of the surname Qian was faster than that of the whole country. Zhejiang is still the largest province with a surname of Qian, accounting for about 42% of the total population. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, and Jiangxi. These three provinces account for about 80% of the total population of Qian. It can be seen that the overall pattern of the distribution of the surnames of Qian changed greatly during the 600 years of the Song, Yuan, and Ming dynasties. Their population migrated mainly from the north to the southeast and the south, especially to the Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Jiangxi regions. The population centers of the surnames of Jiang, Zhejiang and Ganqian have been re-established throughout the country.

The current Qian surname has a population of nearly 2.2 million, ranking 96th, accounting for approximately 0.18% of the national population. From the Ming Dynasty to the present 600 years, the population of the surname Qian has increased from 530,000 to 2.2 million, more than four times. The growth rate of the population of the surname Qian is far lower than the growth rate of the national population. The population growth rate of the surname of Qian in the 1000 years since the Song Dynasty It is an A-shaped situation. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in the three provinces of Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Anhui, accounting for about 52% of the total population of Qian, followed by Guangdong, Shanghai, and Yunnan. These three provinces and cities have concentrated another 20%. Jiangsu has 24% of Qian's total population, making it the largest province with a surname of Qian. The country has formed a high rate of Qian surnamed in the Yangtze River Delta. In the past 600 years, the degree and direction of Qian's population migration were somewhat different from those in the Song, Yuan, and Ming periods. Although there were relocations to central and northern China, immigration to the southeast and south was still the mainstream. The schematic diagram of the distribution frequency of Qian's surnames in the population shows that: in Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Shanghai, southeast Shandong, northern Jiangxi, southeast Hubei, most of Guangdong, Guiyun, southwest Guizhou, most Jilin, northwest Heilongjiang, and northeastern Inner Mongolia, Qian is generally The proportion of the local population is more than 0.2%, and the central area is more than 1%. The area covered by the above area accounts for about 20% of the total area of the country. The area has about 68% of the Qian family. In other areas south of the Yangtze River, central Yulu, southern Shaanxi and Gansu, eastern Inner Mongolia, and other areas in the northeast, Qian generally accounts for between 0.1% and 0.2% of the local population, and its area covers approximately the entire country. With a total area of 25.7%, the area is home to approximately 25.8% of the Qian family.

Celebrities

Qian Mu: Five generations of statesman, founder of Wu Yueguo , reigned from 907 to 932 AD. Juliang was named King Wu Yue. During his reign, he had recruited migrant workers to build Qiantang River and Haitang. Also in the Taihu Lake Basin, we generally build weir gates to store floods in time, not to be afraid of droughts and floods, and to establish a maintenance system for water network areas, which is beneficial to the agricultural economy in this area.
Qian Qi: Tang Dynasty poet, Zhong Zhongwen, Wu Xingren, Jinbao admitted in Tianbao during the year of examination, is one of " ten talents of the calendar ", the same name as Lang Shiyuan, known as "Qianlang".
Qian Yi: Qian celebrity who became the earliest in the Northern Song Dynasty. He was from Zhejiang Province. He was admitted to the Jinshi at the age of seventeen. He was said to have " Li Baicai".
Qian Lezhi: Song Taishi Ling of the Southern Dynasty , Yuan Jiazhong Fengxu cast the armillary instrument originally created by Zhang Heng of the Eastern Han Dynasty , and later became a small armillary instrument.
Qian Yi: Born in Luzhou (now Dongping, Shandong Province), a medical scientist in the Song Dynasty , and once a Taiyi. He has extensive medical knowledge, refined "Compendium of Materia Medica", "Fever Typhoid", "Baby On" and "Treatment of Pediatric Drugs" are handed down.
Qian Xuan: Wu Xingren from Zhejiang Province, a famous painter in the late Song and early Yuan Dynasty. Good at characters, flowers and birds, fruits and vegetables and landscape. The brushes are soft, the coloring is clear, and the style is self-contained.
Qian Hongzhang: The grandson of Qian Zhe, who reigned from 948 to 978 AD, cooperated with the Song Dynasty and the Southern Tang Dynasty. According to the land of Houxian, the thirteen states of Zhejiang and Zhejiang belong to Song Dynasty, and were named King of Huaihai.
Qian Weiyan: a native of Lin'an (now Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province), the son of Qian Hongyu, a tired official from the Northern Song Dynasty to the Chongxin Army. Knowledgeable and literary, remarkably beautiful. He is the author of "Xi Kun Reward Singing Collection", "Family King Story" and "Jinpo Relic".
Qian Qianyi : Changshu, Jiangsu, Jinli from the Ming and Qing dynasties, both held senior positions in the Ming and Qing dynasties, learned poems, and mastered the Southeastern literary world for decades. Author of "Beginner's Collection", "Youxue Collection".
Qian Chenqun : a native of Jiaxing, Zhejiang, a minister of the Qing Dynasty , tired of government and history of politics. Good poems are appreciated by Qianlong . They sing in harmony with each other. Together with Shen Deqian, they are known as the two oldest in Jiangsu and Zhejiang.
Qian Daxin : A native of Jiading, Jiangsu (now Shanghai), a researcher based on research in the Qing Dynasty, especially in history. He has authored "Tang Shi Jing Examination", "Classical Text Examination", " Yuan Shi Yi Wen Zhi", "Qian Yan Tang Anthology" and so on.
Qian Xuantong: Wu Xingren, Zhejiang, a modern writer. He has successively served as a professor in various famous schools in Beijing, and has authored the Phonology of Chinese Characters, The Hypothesis of Twenty-eight Ancient Rhymes.
Qian Zhuangfei: Wuxing, Zhejiang, a martyr of the Communist Party of China. He entered the General Affairs Section of the Organization Department of the Kuomintang secret service, and died on the long march.
Qian Xuesen: a native of Hangzhou, Zhejiang, a national defense scientist. Participate in the organization and leadership of the development and invention of China's strategic missiles and satellites, and is an advocate of Chinese system science. Qian Xuesen Qian Weichang : a native of Wuxi, Jiangsu, vice chairman of the Central Committee of China Democracy League, a mechanic. Author of "Piercing Mechanics" and "Generalized Variational Principles".
Qian Sanqiang: Wuxing, Zhejiang (now Huzhou), a nuclear physicist. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, he has made great contributions to the development of China's nuclear industry. It is also called "three money" with Qian Xuesen and Qian Weichang.
Qian Zhongshu: a native of Wuxi, Jiangsu, a contemporary writer, historian of literature, and a famous scholar. He has long worked on the comparison between Chinese and Western literature. He has authored a collection of prose "Writing on the Edge of Life", a collection of short stories "Human Beasts and Ghosts", a novel "Besieged City", and a collection of essays "On Art Records".

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