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Long

Distribution area

County Wangwuling County: Emperor Han Gao Shizhi County, ruled by Yiling (now Xupu South, Hunan Province). It is equivalent to today's counties such as Changyang, Wufeng, Hefeng, Laifeng in Hubei, west of Minjiang River Basin in Hunan Province, eastern Guizhou, and Sanjiang and Longsheng in Guangxi. Eastern Han Dynasty moved to Linyuan (now west of Changde, Hunan Province). Tianshui County: It was set up in the third year of the Western Han Dynasty (114 BC), and it was ruled in Pingxiang (now northwest of Tongwei, Gansu Province). , Gangu and other cities and counties. Wuyang County: Weizhou was changed to Wuyang County in the Sui Dynasty, and it was governed in Guixiang (now Daming Northeast of Hebei Province), and it was changed to Weizhou in the Tang Dynasty . Relative to today's counties in Daming, Hebei, Cixian, Shexian, Wu'an, Linzhang, Feixiang, Weixian, Qiuxian, Cheng'an, Guangping, Guantao, Henan Huaxian, Junxian, Neihuang, and Guanxian, Shandong . Taiyuan County: King Xiang of Qinzhuang in the Warring States Period (246 BC) was set up as a county, and it was ruled in Jinyang (now southwest of Taiyuan City). It was equivalent to Jinyang area in today's Yangqu, Jiaocheng, Pingyao, and Heshun. Wuchang County: In 221 AD, Sun Quan divided Jiangxia, Yuzhang, and Luling into three counties, governing Wuchang. In the Western Jin Dynasty, there were now the south of the Yangtze River in Hubei Province, the east of Jiayu, Xianning, Tongshan and other counties, and the cities and counties of Jiujiang and Ruixian in Jiangxi. Nanyang County: Thirty-five years before the Warring States Period (before 272). Governance is located in Jinwan County (now Nanyang City, Henan Province). The jurisdiction of Han is now between Yexian County, Inner Rural Area, Xiong'er Mountain, Henan Province, and Yingshan, Yixian County, North of Dahong Mountain, Hubei Province. It gradually became smaller and was abandoned in the early Sui Dynasty. Longshu is the capital of the mountain, and the mountain is a county in Nanyang County.

Historical source

Origin of " Long Surname "

The origin of the Dragon (Lóng Dragon) surname involves many myths, so it cannot be examined in detail. It comes from seven: 1, from the emperor of the Yellow Emperor Longxing. According to "The Surname Record Source" and "The Bamboo Book Chronicle ", Huang Dichen has a dragon and Huang Di has a bear (now Xinzheng, Henan Province). For Henan Longshi . 2. From Shun Shi Na Yan Long, the official name was Shi. According to the "Tongzhi · Clan Shou", the Long family, the Sun family, and the Long family also agreed (the so-called family statement was a special cashier at the time, imperial order.) The descendants took the official name of the dragon as the clan. Because Shun's area of activity is in the Jinnan area, the Zhilong family came from the province of Shanxi today. It's for Shanxi Longshi. It was passed for more than two thousand years to the Han Dynasty , there was Long Mian, Yin Shi moved from Zhuolu, Hebei to help Fengjing Zhao, and four generations have Long Shu, the word Bo Gao, Long Bo Gao was the county magistrate of Shandu , and the Emperor Guangwu of the Han Dynasty rose to zero. Ling Taishou, Guan Yuchu, Jia Wuling. It is the ancestor of Wuling. 3. From ancient myths and legends, after the Royal Dragons. According to "Summary of Surnames", the dragon surname comes from Yulong and looks out of Tianshui. For example, among the descendants of the Emperor Long Liu of the Xia Dynasty (after Yao Yao, because of his ability to domesticate the dragon, he won the appreciation of Xia Emperor Kong Jia and was given the title of "Imperial Dragon"). Liu Lei's old city is now south of Yanshi County, Henan Province, and is for Henan Longshi. 4, from ancient myths and legends, after the Dragon. According to the "Tongzhi · Clan Profile" and "Mingxian Clan Words and Acts Manuscripts" and other materials, according to legend, Dong Fu, has a surname, is good at feeding dragons, and raised dragons by beasts, and was given the surname "Xunlong". The descendants of the dragon are the Hubei Dragons. 5. There is a dragon surname from the Western Han Dynasty. According to "The Records of the Huayang Kingdom", in the Western Han Dynasty, there was the Long family. Ye County, northwest of Kaili County, Guizhou Province. 6, from the place name, the feeding place as the clan. In the Spring and Autumn Period, Dr. Chu eats and gathers in the dragon (now Longxiang, southwest of Tai'an, Shandong Province), and his descendants have dragons as his clan. 7. From other origins and minorities, there are dragons: ① According to " North History ", Lao Kingdom (now belongs to the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and the southwest), and the Western Region and the Mi (now the two counties of Changji and Manas in Xinjiang). For Long's. ② Among the minority nationalities, there is a dragon surname. In China, the Miao, Pumi, Hani, Yi, Dai, Yao, Shui and other ethnic groups all have dragon surnames.

Hall number

Shishitang, Badetang and Dunhoutang: The three halls are derived from the post-Han Longshu, the word Bo Gao, is the chief of Shandu. Ma Yuan wrote a letter to his nephew, advising his nephew to learn the two words of Long Shu: "Be honest and careful, speak wisely, be frugal, and be honest and public." Ma Yuan said that this was Long Shu's "Bade" ". The emperor knew it, and promoted the dragon as an eunuch, saying that he "can be a master of the world." Jingdetang: The Qing Dynasty held the "Book of Jingdetang", and his study was called Jingdetang. Yi'antang: Tribes of Guangdong and Central Guangdong, including Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhaoqing, Qingyuan, etc., the latest survey, more than 200 villages, more than 100,000 population, more than 20% of those living overseas, the ancestor Long recently, The origins of Yi'antang; Liu Biao said to Pang Gong; if he does not enjoy official officials, there will be no children or grandchildren; if the world is in danger, I will leave it alone, and I will leave nothing behind. Character school; (see the genealogy of the Guangdong clan). In addition, the main hall names of the Long surname are: "Wuling Hall", "Tian Shui Hall", "Nayan Hall", "Dunben Hall", "Zhongqin Hall" and so on.

Migration distribution

During the Song Dynasty, there were about 40,000 dragons, accounting for about 0.05% of the country's population, ranking second after the 200th. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in Sichuan, Jiangxi, and Anhui. These three provinces account for about 87% of the total population of Long, followed by Henan, Zhejiang and other provinces. Sichuan Province is the largest province with a surname of Long, which accounts for 32% of the total population of Long. The country has formed two large population areas with the surname of Long in Sichuan in the west and Gan-Anhui in the east. During the Ming Dynasty, there were about 120,000 people with a surname of Long, accounting for 0.13% of the country's population, ranking 120th. The pure growth rate of the national population in Song Yuanming in the year 600 was 20%, and the population growth rate of the surname of Dragon surpassed the growth rate of the national population, which was related to the joining of the surnames of other ethnic groups in the southwest. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in Jiangxi and Hunan. These two provinces account for about 71% of the total population of the Long surname, followed by Hubei and Guangxi. The two provinces have another 14%. The population of Long surname in Jiangxi Province accounts for about 44% of the total population of Long surname, making it the largest province with long surname. The Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei, and Guilong population clusters have formed around the country. During the Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties, the distribution pattern of the Long surname changed greatly, and the population flow moved from north to west to the southeast. The population of the Long surname in Sichuan and Henan decreased sharply and moved to Hunan and Jiangxi, respectively. The contemporary surname of Long has a population of nearly 2.8 million, which is the 80th surname in the country, accounting for approximately 22% of the national population. In the 600 years from the Ming Dynasty to the present, the population of the Dragon surname has surged from 120,000 to 2.8 million, an increase of more than 23 times. The growth rate of the Dragon surname is much higher than the national population growth rate. related. In the 1000 years since the Song Dynasty, the population growth rate of surname Zhonglong has been on the rise. The distribution across the country is currently concentrated in Guizhou, Hunan, and Sichuan provinces, accounting for about 58% of the total population of Long, followed by Hubei, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan, and Chongqing. 30%. Guizhou lives in 26% of the total population of Long, making it the largest province with a long surname. Two Guizhou-Chongqing, Hubei, Chongqing, Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, and Guizhou population centers have formed the two population areas with long surnames, with Guizhou as the center. During the past 600 years, the migration of Long's population from the southeast to the west and southwest was the mainstream. The population center of Long's population moved from southeast to west. The schematic diagram of the distribution frequency of Long surnames among the population shows that in Qianxiangxianggui, most of Chongqing, northwestern Guangdong, and southern Yunnan, Long surnames generally account for more than 0.6% of the local population, and the central area can reach 1.7% or more. Covering an area of about 9.8% of the total land area, about 49% of the population of the Dragon surname live. Sichuan, most of Yunnan, northern Chongqing, most of Hubei, Jiangxi and Guangdong, Hainan, western Fujian, southwest Anhui, southern Shaanxi and Gansu, and Mongolia, Heilongjiang and Liaoning are connected to the four provinces and regions. The percentage of the dragon surname accounts for 0.2% of the local population. One o. Between 6%, its coverage area accounts for about 17% of the total land area, and about 34% of the population of the dragon surname live.

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