在线一本码道高清

Dow

Distribution area

Jiyang County, Henan, Danyang County, Anhui, Liyang County, Jiangxi.

Historical source

"Tao" originated

The first origin: originated from the surname of Qi , from Yao Di's reproduction and pottery, belonging to the name of Juyi. Emperor Yao of ancient times lived in Tao (now Mengnan, Henan, or southwest of Dingtao, Shandong). He made ceramics as an industry, and his official name was "Tao Zheng". Later sealed in Tang Dynasty, as Tang Hou, it is called Tao Tang's . His children and grandchildren have the family name as the surname, which is said to be Tao .

The second origin: from the surname of Ji , after Tang Yao , belongs to the professional skills. According to historical records "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" and "Last Name Garden", Yao had lived in the northwestern area of Dingtao County, Shandong Province today as a tribal leader. He used pottery as a profession in the market. Yao's descendants, some surnamed by their ancestors, formed the Tao surname .

The third source: derived from the Qi family name, from the Dow of the Seven Clan in the Shang Dynasty , belonging to the clan of professional skills. According to the historical records "Yuanhe Surname" and "Customs", there are Taoists among the seven ethnic groups in the Shang Dynasty, all of whom used Taoye as a professional. Pottery refers to potter and caster. In order to master this expertise, the lower nobility of the slaves. After the Spring and Autumn Period, the people in the pottery industry also used the "Tao" technique as their last name, called Dow.

The fourth source: It is derived from the surname of Yu, and it belongs to the official name of the family after Sun Yudi, a descendant of Shun. According to the historical book "Yuanhe Surname", it is said that Shun gave the tribal leader Zen to Yu, and Yu's son Kai established the Xia Dynasty , and sealed Yu's descendants to Yu, so Shun became Yu. In the early years of the Western Zhou Dynasty, there was a person named Yu Yan, a descendant of Shun, whose father was Yu Si, from Guan to Tao Zheng, who was in charge of managing the production of pottery utensils. Yu Zheng inherited his father's office and is still Tao Zheng, and his children and grandchildren then surnamed the official name, known as Tao.

The fifth source: derived from the Tang family name , from the Tang Dynasty in the Song Dynasty to avoid the emperor to change the family name, which belongs to the family name. According to historical records such as "Biography of Song History " and "Biography of the East Capital · Tao Gu Biography" and other records, there are Tao Gu in Song Dynasty, the word Xiu Shi, Xinping of Luzhou (now Bin County, Shaanxi). The original surname of Tang was changed to Tao to avoid the ancestor of Jin Zu ( Shi Jinglian ). His descendants then passed the surname Tao, forming a branch of the Dow.

The sixth origin: originated from the Mongolian ethnic group , and originated from the Mongolian Tao Kingdom Hun family of the Barhu Banner. The Balhu Banner Mongolian Tao Kingdom Hun family originally lived in the Kalkha region of Inner Mongolia. Due to the unbearable persecution of the Gordan tribe, it led more than 10,000 people of the Balhu tribe to south and nomadic in the area of Zhangjiakou, Hebei today. In the 31st year of the Kangxi Reign of the Qing Dynasty (1692 AD), after the approval of the Qing court, the entire family moved to Shengjing (now Shenyang, Liaoning), and some of them were stationed in Dandong Phoenix, Xiuyan, and other places and erected a flag. flag. After taking the original homonym "Tao" as the family name.

The seventh origin: It originated from the change of surnames of various ethnic groups, which belongs to the Hanization and changed the surname to the surname. Manchu Taojia, Tuo and Roche , Daur Tuchin, Gurung, and Xibeer Tokur Han surnames have been changed to Dow. Today, the Bai , Dai , Jing , Miao , Yao , Yi , Bulang , Hui and other ethnic groups all have Tao surnames.

Ancestor

Tang Yao. Ancient Holy Emperor. Before he became the leader of the tribe, he lived in the northwest of Dingtao, Shandong today, and made pottery as a profession. Another said that Emperor Yao was a teenager and he helped his brother and emperor rule the world when he was thirteen. Because his power was sealed in Tao Qiu, he was renamed in Tang when he was fifteen years old. Therefore, it is called Tao Tang's in history. Yao pioneered the Zen concession system. After his death, he conceded Emperor Zen to Shun, who had no blood relationship. Yao Xianming is democratic and respected by the world. Later generations will be named after the skill or the land. They respected Tang Yao as the ancestor of the surname Tao. 2. The ancestors of each branch: Tao Heqing: the word Ripple, No. Jingshan. Song Kaibao was given Yingtian patrols, and Cao Bin broke the thief's merits to study the history of Yunnan Province. Song Jianlong was born at the fifteenth day of August in the first year of Gongshen. In the first year of Song Mingdao, Renshen was out of the ninth day of July, and he was buried in the fifth district of Qidu On the other side of Luoxi Temple, the posthumous hill of Yushi Wuyu's house is tombstone. Matching: Chen's , Song Kaibao's eight years, Yihai was born on the first day of February, and Song Tiansheng's three years were not ugly on December 20th. He was buried at Bingyin Shan, the back mountain of Luoxi Temple in Qidu 5th District of Ningyi.

Migration distribution

The origin of the Tao surname has a history of more than 4,300 years. During the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods, the Tao family name gradually moved south to the present area of Lankao in Henan Province, and after multiplication and development, it formed the largest county in the history of Tao family name—Jiyang County. In the Western Han Dynasty, there were Tao She and Tao Qing who came to Chang'an, and Tao Qing Gong Feng Kaifeng Hou. During the Han Dynasty, the Tao surnames gradually moved south to Jiangsu and Anhui, and settled south of the Yangtze River. For example, the Eastern Han Dynasty, Xuzhou Prefecture, and the Puyang Hou Taoqian were Danyang people (now Xuancheng, Anhui). During the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties , the clans of the Central Plains moved southward, and the Tao surnames in Henan and Shandong began to move south to Jiangsu and Zhejiang. The Tao surnames who originally lived in northern Jiangsu and northern Anhui also crossed the river into Zhejiang and Jiangxi. During this period, many Tao names appeared in the Jiangnan area, such as Lieutenant Lieutenant in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Li Yang (now Jiangxi Boyang) Tao Kan , and then moved to Liyang Chai Sang (now Jiangxi Jiujiang). The famous poet Tao Yuanming was Its grandson. In the Southern Dynasty, Song Xiaochang and Tao Zhenbao and Jin'an Hou Taolong were both Lilings (now Nanjing, Jiangsu). After continuous reproduction, Tao surnames formed a tribe in the above-mentioned places, and their descendants were prosperous. Therefore, the later Tao names were Danyang and Liyang. Its county Wangtang. Before the Song Dynasty, the development of Tao was still based on the above two places, and it was slowly relocated in various parts of Jiangnan, and one of Tao surnamed Hunan. In the Song Dynasty, Tao surnamed developed in the north, and there were people from Taoism in Shaanxi, Henan, Shandong, Shanxi and Hebei. In the late Southern Song Dynasty, there were raging smoke in the Jiangnan area, and Tao surnamed some who relocated to the places of Hunan, Hubei, Fujian, Guangdong, and Guizhou. In the early Ming Dynasty, Tao was one of the surnames of the large locust tree in Hongdong in the Ming Dynasty, and was moved to Jiangsu, Anhui, Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Beijing and other places. The tide, settled in Sichuan, and then relocated the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. During the Qing dynasty, the surname Tao had spread throughout the country, and had crossed the sea to Taiwan, and then relocated overseas. Therefore, most of the Tao clan in Taiwan migrated from Fujian in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Tao Zonghan, Chairman of Dow Press, Taiwan: "It is a very happy thing to come back to our Dow's birthplace to find the roots. The distribution of Tao's surnames in Taiwan is fairly average. According to current statistics, probably More than 10,000 people are in Taiwan. "Today, most of the Tao surnames in Taiwan live in Taipei, Hsinchu, and Changhua. Today, Tao surnames are distributed in Jiangsu, Shanghai and Zhejiang provinces. Tao surnames in these three provinces account for about 23% of the Han population in China. Tao is the 106th surname in China today, with a population of about 2.56 million, accounting for 0.16% of the national population.

Celebrities

Tao Kan (259-334), a famous minister of the Jin Dynasty , a native of Liyang (now Huangmei County, Hubei Province), a scholar of scholarship, and paid a visit to the Western General during the Ming Dynasty . He oversaw the Jingxiang military and calmed down the Su Jun chaos . , Guo Yi good-willed. When in Guangzhou, Chaoyun Baiyun was outside Zhai and Muyun was inside Zhai, with inspirational diligence. All bamboo sawdust are stored for future use. Yihaoheng; the first is the history of Guangzhou thorns, daily moving bricks to exercise physical strength, loyalty, hardworking, and people are better than Zhugeliang .

Tao Hongjing (452 ~ 536) is a native of Fuling in the Southern Dynasties, with clear characters. Craftsmanship, good Taoism; when Qi Gaodi was reading for the kings, Liang Shi was hidden in Juqu Mountain and retired from Huayang; when Emperor Wu was, he could not be hired; "President gifted the doctor, Mr. Tong Zhenbai. He has written many books, and his book of Compendium of Materia Medica is a reorganization of Materia Medica based on its medicinal properties and species.

Tao Qian (365 ~ 427) is a Chai Sang from Liyang in Eastern Jin Dynasty, a great-grandson of Tao Kan, a well-character, bright character, safe and quiet, tasted as a biography of Mr. Wu Liu, known as Mr. Jingjie in the world. Called the guru of hermit poets, ancient and modern.

Tao Xingzhi-(1891-1946) Formerly known as Wen Jun. Born in Yixian County, Anhui Province, a famous educator. After studying in the United States in his early years, he returned to China and engaged in education and promoted the civilian education movement. Chinese Education's Declaration on the Improvement of Rural Education, the founding of Xiaozhuang School, Life Education Society and Shanhai Institute of Technology, Yucai School and Social University have cultivated many revolutionary talents. And help some progressive youth to go to revolutionary bases. He died of illness in Shanghai in 1946 (1946). 55 years old. Author of "China Education Reform", "Ancient Temple Ringing Bell", "Zaifu Free Talk", "Xingzhi Epistles", "Xingzhi Poetry Collection", etc.

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