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Qi

Distribution area

According to the "Family Names" record: "Doctor Sun Lin's father was harvested from food, and his supporters thought it was the clan." Looking out of the East China Sea. Donghai County: set in the Qin Dynasty and used in the Han Dynasty . The Qin and Han Dynasties ruled Qiang County (now north of Qiongcheng, Shandong Province). At the time of Qin and Han Dynasty, it was called Qi County (Han and Zhengcheng County, Shandong Province). The Eastern Jinqiao was placed in the northern border of Haiyu County (now Changshu, Jiangsu Province) and moved to Jingkou (now Zhenjiang). The Sui and Tang Dynasties took Haizhou as Donghai County and governed Sheshan (now Haizhou Town, southwest of Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province).

Historical source

"Qi" origin

One; Qi (Qī) surname is simple and simple, and it has one origin: from the surname Ji , who was the grandfather Sun Lin's father during the Spring and Autumn Period, and was named Fengyi. According to the "Family Names", "The Genealogy of Ten Thousand Family Names", "The Book of Surnames and Surnames", "Ancient and Modern Surname Book Identification", "Tongzhi · Clan Strategy" and other materials, the Qi surname originated from the Ji surname Sun , Originated in the Spring and Autumn Period, the ancestor of the Qi surname was the grandfather Sun Lin's father. In the Spring and Autumn Period, Gong Weiwu had a son called his son Huisun, and his grandchildren were called Sun's . Hui Sun's seventh-generation grandson, Sun Lin, served as senior secretary during Wei Xiangong. Sun Lin's father fell out of favor in the country and successively fled to Jin and Qi . Wei Wei returned to the country when he was a grandfather and was sealed by Qi Yi (now Qi Cheng, Puyang City, Henan Province). At that time, Qiyi was a transportation fortress of Jin, Zheng, Wu, and Chu countries. It was near the Yellow River, and it was dangerous. The plains were fertile and wild, and it was a paradise. Sun Lin ’s father-in-law 's grandsons lived in Qicheng, and they gave their surnames to Fengyi to form the Qi family . Therefore, there is only one surname of Qi surname, namely Qi Yi of the Sun family. The defending country perishes, and the Qi family members fled to the East China Sea, forming the Wang family.

Ancestor

Sun Lin's father. Looking back, the Qi surname should be an ancient surname with a history of 3000 years. Among the Chinese population, there are not many people with the last name "Qi". However, this minority surname emerged in the Ming Dynasty with a well-known anti-cricket general Qi Jiguang . The Qi family name is a family name that originated in northern China. According to the record in the Genealogy of Family Names, "Father Sun Lin's father was harvested from Qi family. "From this record, we can see that Qi's surname originated from the Wei Kingdom in the Spring and Autumn Period, and took the land as a surname. Later, it became the Wang family in the East China Sea at the junction of Shandong and Jiangsu provinces. Another said that the “Qi” land of Doctor Yi, which had been sealed by Doctor Wei, was not in Shandong, but in Henan Province. There is such a record in the book "Spring and Autumn": " Gongsun Ao will Jin Jinyu Yu Qi." The book also notes: "Qi, Wei Yi." This place was later the birthplace of Chinese Qi surname. Liyang County, Henan Province now preserves the ruins of the ancient city of Qi. Therefore, the descendants of Qi's descendants worshiped Sun Lin's father as the ancestor of Qi's surname.

Migration distribution

Qi is a multi-ethnic, multi-sourced ancient family of surnames. It ranks 227th out of 100 surnames on the list of surnames in mainland China today, and ranks 24th in Taiwan Province. The Song version of "Hundred Family Names" is ranked 33rd with a population of about 443 thousand , accounting for about 0.028% of the total population of the country. In 205 BC, Chu and Han struggled, Pengcheng (Xuzhou) was defeated, Liu Bang was defeated, he fled west to Dingtao, and stayed at Qijiazhai (to the east of Qiji Temple, now). Qi Yuanwai assigned his daughter Qi Jixu to him. Qi Ji later gave birth to a son Ruyi. In February 202 BC, Liu Bang became the emperor in Dingtao, moved to Chang'an after the capital Luoyang, and took Qi Ji and his son into the palace. Ruyi was named King Zhao when he was 10 years old. After Liu Bang's death, Liu Ying assumed the throne, and Empress Lv became the Empress Dowager , taking over power alone . She ordered Qi Ji to be made into a "man". Qi Ji was killed and Qi's family was exiled. In order to avoid the scourge of ethnic annihilation, the Qi surname had been changed to Qi and moved to live separately. Emperor Hanwen Liu Heng ascended the throne, Qi Ji Zhaoxue, and repaired temples in Qijiazhai. Today, the Qi family has a small population. Neither the mainland nor Taiwan has entered the top 100. In the Spring and Autumn Period, the grandfather Sun Lin, the father of Wei Guo, was sealed off in Qicheng (today's Puyang, Henan Province), and his descendants have been given the place name "Qi" for generations. After Qi died, his descendants fled to Donghai County, Shandong Province, and gradually developed into a local family in the locality. Therefore, Qi surnamed Donghai County (Qin Shizhi County, where the rule is located. North of Chengcheng, Shandong Province).

Hall number

The main hall names of Qi surname are: "Xianlun Hall", "Three Halls", "Jingwen Hall" and so on.

[General couplet of the ancestral temple of Qi surname ]

〖Four Words General Union of Qi Xing Ancestral Hall〗

Looking out of the East China Sea; from Zhou Ji. ——The common name of the common surname ancestral temple of Qi surnamed under the pseudonym, and the full code refers to the origin and prefecture of Qi surname (see the introduction in the heading "First and Last Name" and "Four and County Hope Church").

Donghai Shize; Wu Yi's family voice. ——Unknown name Qi Qi Ancestral Hall General Union, Shanghai Union Code refers to the Qi family living in Donghai County. The next couplet code states: Qi Jiguang, a hero against the war, and Wu Yi who died.

Department of Cheng Lin's father; the origin of Puyang. ——Under the common name of the common surname of the ancestral temple of Qi, the full code refers to Dr. Sun Lin, the father of Chunqiuwei, who eats the euphemum, and is the first ancestor of the Qi family.

Famous name; benefit the poor. ——Anonymous Qi Qiong Ancestral Hall General Union, Shanghai Union Code refers to Qi Tongwen of Chuqiu in the early Northern Song Dynasty. The Xialian Code refers to Qi Shunchen, a Chuqiu from the Song Dynasty .

Discipline effect of training; ——The common name of the ancestral temple of Qi surnamed by anonymity, and the Shanghai Confederate Code specifies Qi Jiguang, a famous general and a military strategist. The Xialian Code refers to Mrs. Ji Qi, the ancestor of Gao Zu of the Western Han Dynasty.

Three possessions in the family; ——Anonymous Qi Qiong Ancestral Hall General Union, the guide to the full union code Chaoliang Qi Qi.

Seven generations of Rongfeng; ten articles of courtesy. ——Under the name of the common couplet of the ancestral temple of the surname of Qi, the code of the couplet refers to Han Qiqi, and the seven generations of Fenghou were handed down. Xialian Code refers to Jin Qishou, and author of "Zi Li Yi Wen" ten volumes.

〖Five Words General Union of Qi Xing Ancestral Hall〗

It is well-known for its resistance to the sea. ——The common name of the ancestral temple of Qi surnamed by the anonymous name, and the full code indicates that Qi Jiguang, the famous anti-crime general.

〖Seven Words General Union of Qi Xing Ancestral Hall〗

The pen is five feet long and should draw water; there are a thousand volumes in the room. ——Anonymous Qi Qiong Ancestral Hall General Union, Shanghai Union Code refers to the Song Dynasty painter Qi Wenxiu. Xialian Code refers to the Taoist Qi Chongseng of the Yuan Dynasty .

The collection of Meng Zhu's poems is still faithful; ——Anonymous Qi Qiong Ancestral Hall General Union, Shanghai Union Code refers to the Song Dynasty poet Qi Tongwen. The second joint code specifies the generation of supervisor Yu Shi Qixiong.

〖General surname Qi Qi Ancestral Hall with more than seven words〗

Hou Bai copied, and seven leaves were glorified; officials knew the realm, and three good governance. ——Unknown name Qi Qi Ancestral Hall General Union, Shanghai Union Code refers to the Han Dynasty Captain Qi Gill. The Xialian Code refers to Qi Shunlu in Yu Bulang of the Song Dynasty.

Discuss the prisoner and prepare for the feast, the meritorious service has been built repeatedly; ——The common name of the ancestral temple of Qi surnamed by the first name, and the Code of the Shang Dynasty indicates that Qi Jiguang, the famous anti-crime general. The Xialian Code refers to the poet Qi Tongwen of Song Dynasty and the people of Chuqiu.

The seven leaves of Yiye, the prosperous copy of the 簪 group; ——Under the name of the common couplet of the ancestral temple of the surname Qi, the code of the upper hand refers to Han Qi, and the code of the second hand specifies Qi Jiguang.

Celebrities

Qi Jiguang : (1528 ~ 1585?) Dingyuan people of the Ming Dynasty , one of the Penglai people. The officers of the Zhejiang Province, the General Staff of Fujian, and the Chief Army Officer of Fujian, etc., were the most successful. The prime ministers Suzhou, Changping, and Baoding trained in military affairs. . Author of a new book of Jixiao, military training, Zhizhitangji and so on.

Qi Ji: The official document of the word, the Wuguan (now Jiangsu Province) salt official in the Northern and Southern Dynasties . Zu Xian, Qi to the matter. Qi Yue wrote Liang Sanyi Yi Ji in Liang Dynasty. It was a mess, and he wrote forty volumes of Li Ji Yi.

Qi Zhong: a painter of the Song Dynasty , waiting for the painting academy. Painting mountains is quite skillful, and often draws backhands with their names.

Mrs. Qi : Han Gaozu 's favorite Ji, therefore also known as Qi Ji , gave birth to Zhao Wangruyi. Gao Zuben, Lu Houzheng and King Zhao; killed Mrs. Qi, went to her eyes, hands, feet, and put them in the toilet, called "renren".

Qi Tongwen: The Gaoping School created by Fan Zhongyan in the early Northern Song Dynasty. Qi Tongwen's young parents died, and his grandmother took him to his grandfather's house. At that time, Yi Yang, a native of Yi, was an apprentice. Qi Tongwen was very envious. He came to Xueshe and saw the Book of Rites. After reading it , Yang On was very surprised. That is known far and near. At that time, when he was in a tragedy at the end of the Jin Dynasty, he was reluctant to advance, thinking that the world was unified, because he named it the same text. Later, according to General Zhao Zhi, he set up a room to gather students, and taught in Yanyang (now Shangqiu, Henan Province). Gao Ping Fan Zhongyan was also famous. He learned from it, and then passed on apprenticeship to his profession. His school became more prosperous and formed the Gaoping School.

Qi Yanling: After the middle-aged tribute examination during the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty, he was in Zhixian County, Pinggu County, Jizhou, Shuntian Prefecture. After many years in office, he was upright, compassionate, and later promoted to Jizhou Zhizhou.

Uncle Qi: Young name Yufang. Shangyu people in Zhejiang Province. He studied in the United States, and studied English Literature at Stamford University, California. After returning to China after graduation, he has taught at Shanghai Mansion University and Anhui University since 16 years (1927), and has been the director of the Department of Foreign Languages, and the dean and the director of the Foreign Languages Department of Jinan University. After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, he went to Zhejiang University to teach and acted as the acting director of the Department of Foreign Languages. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, he has been a professor of the Department of Foreign Languages at Shanghai Fudan University since 1953. Author of "Shakespeare and (Hamlet). Translation of Fielding:" Tom Jones Chong "(joint translation), the manuscripts include" On Tang Xianzu and ( Peony Pavilion ), "Reading (A Dream of Red Mansions )", "Shakespeare Testament of Sonnet ".

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