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Gunn

Distribution area

Goyang-gun: It was originally Goyang-gun during the Warring States Period. During the Northern Wei Dynasty, Gaoyang County in Qingzhou was set up, and it is in Linzi, Shandong Province today. Fufeng County: Set right Fufeng when Emperor Hanwu . The Three Kingdoms Weizhi was located in Huaili (now southeast of Xingping, Shaanxi Province), Jin moved to Chiyang (now northwest of Poyang, Shaanxi Province), and the Northern Wei moved to good governance (now east of Qian County, Shaanxi Province). Hedong County: Hedong County was set up in the early Qin Dynasty . It is equivalent to the area of Xia County east of the Yellow River in Shanxi Province today.

Historical source

"Geng" originated

The Geng surname comes from four sources: 1. It comes from a child's surname, with a place name surname. According to "Summary of Surnames", " Historical Records of Yin Benji" and Ci Yuan, etc., there was a king name Zu Yi in the Shang Dynasty. Moved to nothing. Xing Yi, east of Wen County, Henan Province today. Xing's pronunciation was read as Geng in ancient times. After Pan Geng moved the capital, part of the Shang clan's clan did not follow him to move south, but remained in Xing. This part of people regard Xing as their last name. Later, in order to distinguish it from the Xing surname Xíng, the writing of this surname was changed to Geng. 2, from the surname of Ji , with the name of the country. According to "Tongzhi · Clan slightly · Taking the country as the clan", there was Geng Guo (a Geng Xiangcheng) at the end of the Shang Dynasty. In the south of Longmen County, Shaanxi Province today, after the establishment of the Zhou Dynasty , Geng Guo died and his descendants Ben Chu is a doctor and his country is his family. 3, also from the surname of Ji, Zhou Shifeng with the same surname Yu Geng, is a vassal state, and was destroyed by the Jin state in the spring and autumn. The former Geng nationality clan mostly used the original country name "Geng" as their surname, and became a branch of Geng's family (doubt and "2" are said to have the same source). 4, from other clan or other clan changed surname: ① Qing Gaoli people have Geng surname , living in Bochuan County. ② Qing Manzhou people have the surname of Geng and live in Shenyang. ③ The Han surname of Erguzi of Yugu nationality is Geng. ④ Geng Jiazhi (house name) of the Dai family, later changed to surname Geng . ⑤The ethnic groups such as Jinman, Mongolia, Tujia and Xibo all have this surname.

Ancestor

Zu Yi. The fourteenth-generation king of the Shang Dynasty, the son of He? The scriptures are called Zhongzong, and they are offered together with Taiyi and Taijia, and they are collectively called Sanshi. Suffering from the invasion of the people in southeast Fangyi, Zu Yi moved the capital from Gong (now Neihuang, Henan) to Geng, appointed Wuxian to govern the state, and personally took command. He restored Dongyi , consolidated the Shang dynasty, and revived Yin Shang. . When it was passed down to the twentieth-generation monarch Pan Geng, Geng moved the capital to Geng's clan. They respected their ancestor Yi as their ancestor.

Migration distribution

The birthplace of Geng's surname is Wen County, Henan Province today, Li Shang, Zhou to Qin, Geng surname gradually scattered in today's Henan, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi and other places. In the Western Han Dynasty, Geng's surnames began to emerge. Among them, Geng Shouchang was the most famous. He was given the title of Jueguan, and his descendants stayed in Chang'an (now Xi'an, Shaanxi Province). In addition, Geng Yu, Geng Feng, Geng Chang, and Frequency Yang (now Shaanxi) (Province Fuping) Geng Ding sees in the annals of history. During the reign of Emperor Han Wu , the emperor of the migrant county went to Fufeng Maoling (now Northeast of Xingping, Shaanxi Province), and Shi Julu (now Hebei) was relocated to the site as an official of two thousand stones. When this surname Geng was passed down to the state of Geng in the Eastern Han Dynasty , the most prominent family in the history of Geng was born, with six children below him: Geng ×, Geng Shu, Geng Guo, Geng Guang, Geng Ju, Geng Ba. In the war of the ZTE Han Dynasty, all the military achievements were outstanding and the majesty of Shiyi, and their descendants did not hesitate to make more appearances in history. Since Guangwu Zhongxing has been in Jian'an at the end of the Han Dynasty, this family has two generals, nine generals, thirteen and nineteen, married three royal princesses, married to the royal family and one of the queens. Hundreds of people, including General Lang, Fu Wei, Captain of the Assassin, and Shiji Shiji. This Geng surname radiates light and overwhelms the Geng Chun family of Song Zi (present-day Zhaozhou, Hebei Province), the same time as the great deer of the same period. ). At the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, this surname of Geng almost suffered the calamity. The great-grandson of Geng State was killed by Cao Cao and the three families were killed. In addition, when Geng Chun was in trouble, he led a clan guest with more than 2,000 guests, and his family was residing in Puwu (now southwest of Lingshou, Hebei Province). During the Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties to Sui and Tang Dynasties, the Geng surnames thrived in Hedong, Gaoyang, Fufeng and other places, and formed the county name of Geng in the above three places. At this time, the surname of Geng also emigrated to the south of Jiangsu and Anhui. During the Song and Yuan dynasties, Geng's surnames were more widely distributed in the south of the Yangtze River, but their ethnic background was small. In the early Ming Dynasty , as one of the surnames of the large locust tree in Hongdong, Ming Dynasty , Shanxi Geng was relocated to Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Beijing, Tianjin and other places. At the end of the Ming Dynasty, Geng Zhongming moved from Shandong to Malanyu, Gaizhou, eastern Liaoning (now in Gaixian County, Liaoning Province). During the Qing Dynasty and after the Qing Dynasty, the surnames of Geng in Hebei, Shandong, and Henan moved into the three provinces of Northeast China with the wave of breaking through the Guandong. Today, Geng surnames are widely distributed throughout the country, especially in Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Anhui, Shandong, Shanxi, Heilongjiang, Liaoning, etc. The Geng surnames in the above eight provinces account for about 7% of the Han population in the country. Seventeen. The Geng surname is the 148th surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 0.076% of the Han population in China.

Hall number

Meiyangtang and Huaiyuantang: Later Han Geng Bing , Secretary Bo Xiao, and "Sima Warfare". Emperor Ming worshipped as a horse and horse. Conquered the Xiongnu, the broken car division, Zhangdi worshiped as General Liaodu. The Xiongnu conceived his gratitude, and then paid a visit to General Xi. Deng Yanran Mountain was named Meiyang Gong. When he died, the Huns wept for the whole country and even broke his head, so he was called Huai Yuan Tang.

In addition, Geng's main hall names are: "King Xuetang", "Gaoyang Hall", "Xiangshan Hall", "Lirang Hall" and so on. Clan characteristics 1. The Geng surname is a typical northern surname . 2. The surname of Geng is abundant. Only 64 people have been included in the "Chinese Dictionary of Names of Different Dynasties", many of which are generals.

Celebrities

Last name culture