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Jing

Distribution area

Guangling County: Jiangdu County. Formerly Guanglingyi of Chu State during the Warring States Period. During the Qin Dynasty, it was set as Guangling County, in the northwest of Yangzhou, Jiangsu. In the three years of the Western Han Dynasty, the Yuan Dynasty was changed to the state of Jiangling in the capital of Jiangling, and the county was changed to the county in the middle of Jianwu in the Eastern Han Dynasty . Gaoyou, Baoying, Jinhu and other places. During the Tang Dynasty, it was relocated to Jiangdu (now Jiangsu Jiangdu). At that time, the jurisdiction was in Hongze Lake and the east of Liuhe County, the south of Siyang County, Baoying County, and Guannan County. The vast area west of Chuanchang River and north of the Yangtze River. During the Sui Dynasty, it was changed to Jiangyang, and the government was in Yangzhou today. It was restored to the original name of Guangling during the Southern Tang Dynasty. In the five years of Xining in the Northern Song Dynasty (renzi, 1072 AD), Guangling was merged into Jiangdu.

Historical source

Jing (Jīng) surname originated

1. Derived from the surname of Xi, from the fiefdom of Xiongxiu, the emperor of the Chu Kingdom in the early Western Zhou Dynasty. It belongs to the family name. 2. Derived from the surname of the surname, it was changed by the Chu family who lived in the Qin Kingdom to avoid Qin Zhuang 's Xiang Wangyu Chu. It belongs to the family name, or changed his name to the family name. 3. Originated from the surname of Jiang , from the end of the Warring States Period, Qi Guoqing 's family.

Ancestor

Xiong Yi. According to the "Tongzhi · Clan slightly · Taking the country as the clan", the old name of the Chu State is Jing, and the surname of Jing is the surname that was not changed to the name of Chu before. 'S. In the early years of the Western Zhou Dynasty, Xiong Yi, the predecessor of the Chu Kingdom, was sealed in Jing. The country name was Jing, and it was not changed to the Chu Kingdom until the early Spring and Autumn Period. Jingling is another name for the Chu Kingdom. Before the rise of the princes in the Spring and Autumn Period, the Chu Kingdom was known as Jing. The word Jingchu is often used together to refer to the Chu State during the Spring and Autumn Period. Therefore, the descendants of Jing's ancestor Feng Xiong as the ancestor of the surname Jing.

Migration distribution

The Jing family name is an ancient surname with multiple origins. It ranks 287th in the current surname list with a population of about 2833,000, accounting for about 0.017% of the total population of the country. The current Jing family has a population of about 230,000, accounting for 0.019% of the country's population, ranking the twenty-sixth: sixteenth among the big family names. For 1000 years since the Song Dynasty , the population growth rate of Jing surnamed a V-shape. Current distribution in the country: It is mainly concentrated in Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Henan, and Heilongjiang. These four provinces and regions account for about 64% of Jing's total population. Secondly distributed in: Hebei, Jilin, Shandong, Shaanxi, Liaoning, Jiangsu and other places. The frequency distribution of Jing surname in the population shows that in Heilongjiang, northeastern Inner Mongolia, most of Jilin, Hebei: southwest, southwestern Shanxi, central and southeast Shaanxi, western Henan, northwest Hubei, and northern Chongqing, the proportion of Jing surname in the local population is generally More than 0.1%, the highest can reach more than 1.7%, the area covered by the above area accounts for about 13.2% of the total land area, and about 47% of the Jing population. In central Inner Mongolia, most of Ningxia, southeast of Gansu, north and southwest of Shaanxi, most of Shanxi, Hebei and Liaoning, northern end of Jilin, northern and eastern Henan, northwest Jiangsu, northern Anhui, central Hubei and Chongqing, northern Hunan, northeast Sichuan, Jing The proportion of the local population is generally between 0.05% and 0.1%. The area covered by the above area accounts for about 17.4% of the total land area and about 36% of the Jing people live in it.

Today, Lanxi County, Qiqihar City, Wudalianchi City, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province, Luoyang Xiaolangdi City, Henan Province, Gongyi City, Zhengzhou City, Yanjin City, Jiaozuo City Wujing County, Xinxiang County, Kaifeng City, Nanyang City, Luohe City Wuyang District, Pingdingshan City, Yixian County, Longkou City, Shandong Province, Liaocheng Yi County, Zitai City Huantai County, Penglai City, Linyi City, Zaozhuang City, Laiyang City, Weifang City Gaomi, Dongying County, Heze City, Jin Xiangxian County, Linqing County, Liaocheng City, Shidao Island, Weihai City, Lanshan District, Rizhao City, Changchun, Yanbian Area, Jilin Province, Baicheng City, Cangzhou City, Botou City, Huanghua City, Hebei Province, Yangquan City, Shanxi Province, Pinglu County, Lintong County, Yongji City, Taiyuan City, Shilu County, Shuozhou City, Ankang County, Yangling County, Luochuan County, Shaanxi Province, Shenyang City, Fushun City, Dandong City, Anshan City, Liaoning Province , Xuzhou City, Zhenjiang City, Pei County, Jiangsu Province, Yinchuan City, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Hechuan County, Chongqing City, Chenxi County, Hunan Province, Macheng City, Hubei Province, Guoyang County, Anhui Province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Shanghai Beijing Hong Kong SAR and other places, have Jing clan distribution.

Hall number

Guangling Church: Yili Church, also known as Jiangdu Church.
Ji Qingtang: General Jing Jing of the Song Dynasty, tired of fighting. Song Taizong attacked Taiyuan and Youzhou, he was the first to fall in line, and worshiped the commander. During Song Zhenzong's reign, he was deployed for the vice deputies of Qiu Qing and Huan Qing, and started to march. After more than one hundred and fifty battles in his life, he was not defeated.
In addition, the main hall names of the surname Jing are: "Religion Hall", "Linbao Hall", "Duqing Hall", "Bao Qing Hall", "Liuyu Hall", "Chuiyu Hall", and "Liu Qing" Hall "," Yuhoutang "," Yongen Hall "," Qiyou Hall "," Baoshan Temple "," Guangzong Hall "," Peiyuan Hall "," Changhou Hall ", etc .; branch hall" Gu Yitang " "," Liuqingtang "and so on.

Celebrities

Jing Yan : (? ~ 227 BC), a famous assassin during the Warring States Period in China.
Jing Hao : a painter of the Liang Dynasty in the fifth generation, a native of Qinshui (now Shanxi Province). He is good at painting landscapes, and often carries pen and ink to write ancient pines in the mountains. When he paints the peaks in the clouds, he can draw a strong look on all sides. Author of "Biography" has an important influence on the development of Chinese landscape painting.
Jing Yan: A famous general in the Song Dynasty . Lieutenant Tianwu Military Academy, Tian Chongjin, general, and Taizong attacked Taiyuan and Youzhou. During the true sect, he was deployed for the vice deputies of Qing Qing and Huan Qing, raising troops, and after 150 battles in his life, he was not defeated.

Last name culture