Wudu County: In 664 BC, the State of Qi was cut off. In July, the monarch Hu Gongxiang died, the city was lost, and the country was destroyed. Because of his brother's death, Xi had to flee to Liangzhou to settle. Both Qiang State and Qi State are descendants of Qi Taigong. The descendants of Qiang State have originally adopted the country name "鄣", and the state no longer exists. In order not to forget the tragedy of the same ancestors, and to remember the humiliation of the deceased nation, Chapter, independent Zhang surname , that Zhangzhang. Zhang's since then. Liangzhou (now the Middle East in Shaanxi Province), Wudu County was set in Spring and Autumn, and Liangzhou County was set in Chu in the Warring States Period. Wudu County, Liangzhou, is Zhang's first county. Jingzhao County: To the eighteenth century, Zhang Qin, general of the late Qin Dynasty, Ren Shaofu, was the military pillar of the Qin Dynasty . To stabilize the Qin Dynasty, battle the battlefield. But Qin II Hu Hai listened to Zhao Gao 's words and wanted to put Zhang Han to death. Zhang Han had to abandon Qin Jiangchu and return to Xiang Yu . After Xiang Yu's annihilation of the Qin Kingdom, he divided the land of the Qin Kingdom into three parts, setting up three kings, named Yong King, Sai King, and Zhai King, known as the Three Qin Dynasty. Zhanghan was stationed in Yongzhou, and Zhanghan was named the King of Yong. It was named west of Xianyang and the capital was built as a waste hill (now southeast of Xingping County, Shaanxi Province). Yongzhou (one of Kyushu. Nowadays, central Shaanxi Province, southeast Gansu Province, and Ningxia and Qinghai each), the pre-Kingzhao County in Han Dynasty. Yongzhou of Jingzhao County is the second county of Zhang Family. Yuzhang County: It is located in Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, and has jurisdiction over Jiangxi Province. Zhang Ping, brother of Zhang Han, general of the late Qin Dynasty, after his brother descended from Chu, Shi Chu became the doctor and led the soldiers to guard the big break. Liu Bang besieged the waste hill, Zhang Han ordered Zhang Ping to support him, and Zhang Ping was captured and defeated by Han Xin . Moved to Yuzhang after pardon. Breeding and breeding in Yuzhang, the population concentration increased, forming the Wangs. Hongzhou (now Nanchang, Jiangxi Province), Yuzhang County was set in Han Dynasty, and Hongzhou was changed after Tang Dynasty. Hongzhang County of Yuzhang County is the third county of Zhangs. Hejian County: North Wei Shizhi was located in Lecheng (now Xianxian County, Hebei Province), and the ancient rule was in the southwest of Hejian, Hebei. The surname of Zhang Zide was from Zhou, Qin, and Han to the Western Jin Dynasty. There were Zhang Yan, the thirty-seventh century king, and the twentyth century Zhangping. It was named Hejianhou because of its high power, thus forming a famous family in Hejian. Chenzhou (now Hejian, Hebei Province), Hanyou County (or Hejian Country, Xian County, Hebei Province). Hejian County Luzhou is the fourth county of Zhang's county.
Origin of "chapter"
There are four origins of the Zhang (Zhāng) surname: 1. From the surname of Jiang , descended from the Emperor Yannong Shennong , with the country name and the ancestor cover as Jiang Ziya . At the beginning of the Western Zhou Dynasty, Jiang Ziya was sealed in Qi and founded Qi State for Qi Taigong. The Tai State was collected by Qi Tai Gong as a vassal state . Later, Tai Qi Gong divided the Tai State and the neighboring Qi State to Xun Zi. In the Spring and Autumn Period, the Qiang State was annihilated. The descendants of the Qiang State took the country name “鄣” as the clan, because they thought that the country no longer existed, and removed the “阝” that represents Xinjiang, and became the today's Zhang surname . 2. It comes from the pregnant surname, one of the twelve basic surnames conferred by Huangdi . According to "Yuanhe Surname ", the pregnant surname is one of the twelve basic surnames conferred by Huangdi, and the ancestor is Huangdi's eldest son. According to "Zuo Zhuan", the pregnant surname comes from Feng, and is a descendant of Taihao Fuxi . 3. The change came from his surname: ① Zhang Xiyuan of the Han Dynasty was a Chou clan , and was changed to Zhang because of avoiding revenge. ② Zhang Qing's surname is Liu Yuan , who was raised by the Zhang surname, and also uses Zhang as his surname. ③ According to " Yuanshi · Xiaoyou Biography", Zhang Qingsun, his surname is Liu, and his young son is Zhang's adopted son, then surnamed Zhang . ④ According to the "Biography of Jiang Jingguo ", Jiang Jingguo's Jinwu Tibetan Jiao gave birth to two sons with Zhang's one child, one of Zhang Xiaoyan and one of Zhang Xiaoci. 4, from other ethnic groups changed their surnames: ① Qing Manzhou people have a surname of Zhang, who lives in Dalinghe. ② The surname of Zhang Jia in the Eight Banners of Qing Manzhou was changed to Zhang. ③ In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Beishengzhou, Yunnan, was a Mongolian; ④ The original people in the contemporary Tujia family had Jiang Jiakong or Jiang Jia Ainle as their surnames. Today, Mongolia, Tujia and other ethnic groups have this surname. Later also saved as a single surname chapter.
Qi Taigong. Ming Shang, the word Ziya (a word of Wang Wang), also known as Lu Shang, Lu Wang, Jiang Taigong, Tai Gongwang, and Tai Shi Shangfu, is a famous politician and military strategist at the beginning of the week. He assisted Wenxing Xingzhou and helped the king of war to destroy the emperor. He was the first founding hero of the Zhou Dynasty . Feng Yuqi when he became king. Later, Jiang Shang sealed it off. In the Spring and Autumn Period, Qi State was annexed by Qi State with the same surname, and the descendants of Qi State were ashamed of the same room, so they lost the country as their clan, and then removed the name next to Yip. They respected Tai Gong as their ancestor.
In 664 BC, the kingdom of Qiang was destroyed by its ancestor Qi Kingdom, and Zhang surnamed scattered all over Qi, such as Qi (now Shandong Province) in the Warring States Period had a general chapter. At the beginning of the Western Han Dynasty, there were the brothers Zhang Qin and Zhang Ping of Qin, followed by Zhang Wen (descent of Tai Gong) from Yu Zhang (now Nanchang, Jiangxi Province), Zhang Gan from Gan Quan (now Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province), and the Xiongnu singled by Zhang Chen. The Hun descended from Zhang Ni, and in the Eastern Han Dynasty there was Zhanghe from Yangzhou (now Jiangsu Province). These historical facts show that by the time of the Qin and Han Dynasties, Zhang had entered Mongolia in the north, Shaanxi in the west, and Su and Jiang in the south. During the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, the descendants of Jiang Taigong multiplied to become a clan in Yuzhang, and the Zhang surname Yuzhang Junwang was formed. This was the name of Wu Xingzhang, who was famous in the Qing Dynasty during the Northern and Southern Dynasties. According to the data in this period, the Zhang family name in Hejian (now Hebei Province) also developed rapidly, and then gradually flourished and formed the Zhang family name Hejian Junwang. At the time of the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the Zhang family had already been registered in Zizhou (now Santai, Sichuan Province), and today, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Anhui and other places have Zhang family members. At the time of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms , Zhang had already been registered in Fujian. For example, Zhang Zijun's ancestors moved to Pucheng from Quanzhou, Fujian. In the two Song dynasties, the surnames of the chapters in the annals of history were even better, and they can be described as famous. Due to the turmoil in the north, Zhang ’s family moved mainly from the south. Zhang ’s father Zhang Yu moved from Fujian Pucheng to Suzhou, Jiangsu, Zhangye moved from Pucheng to Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, and Zhang Fu moved to Zhenzhou from Puyang (now Boyang, Jiangxi Province). (Now in Yizheng, Jiangsu Province), Zhang Ye moved to Runzhou from Ningguo Taiping (now Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province), Zhang Xian moved from Jianzhou Pucheng to Suzhou ... At this time, because Zhang Dexiang , Zhang Yi , and Zhang Jian entered the dynasty , the name of Jiang Nanzhang became even more noisy. In the early Ming Dynasty , as one of the surnames of the large locust tree in Hongdong, Ming Dynasty , Shanxi Zhang was relocated to Hunan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Hebei, Beijing and other places. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Zhang's surnames were more widely distributed, and some coastal surnames moved to Taiwan, as well as Southeast Asia, Europe and the United States. In 1949, Chiang Kai-shek lost to Taiwan, and there were many followers of Zhang's surnames in Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Fujian. Today, the Zhang family name is widely distributed throughout the country, especially in Hubei, Zhejiang, Jiangxi and other provinces. The Zhang family name in these three provinces accounts for about 64% of the Han population in China. The Zhang family name is the 118th surname in China today, with a large population, accounting for about 1.2% of the Han population in China.
Fushengtang: It originated from Zhang Wang Rong of Song Dynasty , remembering his dead mother, his affection moved all things, and even the dead bamboo was revived, so Zhang surnamed him. In addition, Zhang ’s main hall names are: “Siqi Hall”, “Laishan Hall”, “Yu Zhang Hall”, “Shixun Hall”, “This Washing Hall”, “Hejian Hall”, and “Xu Shou Tang” "Wait.
1. Zhang is full of talents. For example, the "Chinese Dictionary of Names of All Dynasties" contains 135 people with chapter names. Among the 100 surnames after it, they are the best. 2. Zhang surname is more filial son. In the Tang Dynasty, Zhang Quanyi was called Zhang Xiaozi, and Zhang Chengmen was also called Zhang Xiaozi. In the Song Dynasty, Zhang Wang Rong remembered his dead mother, his affection moved all things, and even the dead bamboo was revived, so Zhang surnamed him. In the Yuan Dynasty, Zhang Qingsun visited the mother for 38 years and finally saw his mother. Zhang Hengmin of the Ming Dynasty, Zhang Zaogong of the Qing Dynasty , Zhang Qiancun, etc. are all great filial piety in history.
〖Four Words General Union of Zhang Surname Ancestral Hall〗
Wang Juji; originated from Yanhuang. ——Anonymous Zhangzong Ancestral Hall General Union All-in-One Code refers to the origin of the surname and the county.
Langya Shize; Bohai Family Voice. ——Anonymous Zhang Chapter Ancestral Hall General Ibid.
Yingqiu legacy; Weishui Liufang. ——Anonymous chapter Zhangzong Ancestral Hall General Union, the Shanglian Code refers to Zhou Wu Wang Feng Jiang Ziya Yu Qi, Jiandu Gongqiu. The Xialian Code refers to Zhang's family name after Jiang Taigong.
Nursery garden nurses; ——Anonymous Zhangzhuang Ancestral Hall General Union, the Shanglian Code refers to the Qing Zhangyi, the hidden Huazigang, the nursery garden nursery. The Xialian Code refers to Tang Zhangquan Yi, Shao Gu, and his brother Quan Qi . The brother died, and the service was cut, and his broken hand was a sign of revenge. Poems return to Yan; admire the silverfish. ——Anonymous Zhangzhuang Ancestral Hall General Union, the Shanghai Union Code refers to Tang Zhang Xiaobiao, work poems, "Guyan Yan Poems". The Xialian Code refers to Song Zhangxun, who is a Lang of works and bestows silverfish.
Wangfu Liaohai; festivals and autumn frost. ——Anonymous chapter Zhangzong Ancestral Hall General Union, Shanglian Code refers to Song Zhangzhang, Xialian Code Guide Song · Zhang Ying.
Wang Juji; originated from Yanhuang. ——Anonymous Zhangzong Ancestral Hall General Union, the full union code is the chapter surname County Wangtang.
〖Five Words General Union of Zhang Surname Ancestral Hall〗
Plough up the good men and women; ——Anonymous Zhangzong Ancestral Hall General Union, the Shanglian Code refers to the Qing Dynasty painter Zhang Rong, the Xialian Code refers to the Qing Dynasty painter Zhang Gu.
Defending Taiwan to drive the pirates; Fu poetry pressure Yuanbai. ——Anonymous chapter Zhangzong Ancestral Hall General Union, the Qing Dynasty general Zhang Gaoyuan, the word tripod, Hefei people. During the Guangxu period, he defended Taiwan with Liu Chuanming and Sun Kaihua, and the French army violated Keelung. Song Dynasty Tiansheng Jinshi Zhangye, Zibo Town, Pucheng people, emigrated to Zhenjiang. Poetry with Fan Zhongyan, Fu poem first. Zhong Yanlan said: "This poem really can be overwhelming Yuan Baiji!"
〖Six Words General Union of Zhang Surname Ancestral Hall〗
Practice tests truth; time solves problems. ——Zhang Naiqi wrote a general couplet for the ancestral hall of the surname of Zhang. This couplet is a self-titled couplet for Zhang Naiqi (1898-1977). Zhang was one of the victims of the "Seven Gentleman Incident".
〖Seven Words General Union of Zhang Surname Ancestral Hall〗
A fine calligraphy and painting by father and son; Longquan, two kilns. ——Anonymous Zhangzong Ancestral Hall General Union, the Shanglian Code refers to the Qing Dynasty painter Zhang Gu, the Xialian Code Guide Song ceramicist Zhang Shengyi.
Zi Houshangshu left servant shot; Ding Ying Chief of Chongqing Town. ——Anonymous Zhangzong Ancestral Hall General Union, the Shanglian Code refers to Jiayou Jinshi Zhangdun (1035-1105) in the Song Dynasty, the Jialian Code refers to Gao Yuan, a general in the Qing Dynasty, and the official to the Chief of Chongqing Town.
Flowers bloom in March; water flows in the two streams. ——Zhang Bayuan wrote the Zhanglian Ancestral Hall General Union. This couplet is a poetry couplet in the Tang Dynasty Jinshi Zhang Bayuan's "Gu Tonglu Lu's Former Residence".
The wild water doesn't know where to go; the tourists come here leisurely. ——Zhang Xuan wrote the common surname of Zhang Clan Ancestral Hall as the poet of the Tang Dynasty, Jinshi Zhang Xun's "Poetry of the City" even a poem.
The ground is dry and full of ambitions; early spring reminds people of great years. ——Anonymous Zhangzong Ancestral Hall General couplet This couplet is a couplet analysis of Heding grid and a couplet of embedded chapters.
〖Zhang surname ancestors seven words or more general union〗
Interpretation will live the people's lives to build the state; ——Anonymous Zhangzong Ancestral Hall General Union Shanghai Union Code refers to the fifth generation Zhang Zijun. Xialian Code refers to the Northern Song Dynasty Zhang Dexiang.
Both culture and martial arts are excellent, father is son; friendship is beautiful, difficult for brothers and brothers. ——Anonymous chapter Zhangzong Ancestral Hall General Union, Shanglian Code refers to the Tang Dynasty Zhang Zhifu father and son Jinshi first. Xialian Code refers to Tang Xiaozi Zhang Quanyi.
The style is like summer and autumn frost, and Zhongxing Xingliangzuo is the standard; ——Anonymous Chapter Zhang Clan Ancestral Hall General Union Shanglian Code Guide Song · Zhang Ying, Ming · Zhang Lun. The Xialian Code refers to the Northern Song Dynasty · Zhang Dexiang and Ming · Zhang Yi.
Appendix I: Zhang Family Training
〖Tai Fuzi Jun Gong's Family Training〗 (original) The two words of heirship say farming and reading, the two words of Xingjia say frugality and diligence. The word "Jiangjia" means "Ren and Ren", and the word "Fangjia" means "Pirate and Thief." The word "dead" means 嫖 and low, and the word "loser" means violent and fierce. Rest the suspicion, listen to the words of alienation, rest for the sake of life, rest for the public good. Eating is to seek truth from facts, but to disappear. Children and grandchildren do not suffer less and fail, the industry does not suffer from poverty and suffers from injustice, the portal does not suffer from failure and suffers from lack of ambition, and friendship does not suffer from widowed and suffer from evil. There are few poems in the eyes of the offspring, and there is no reason in the chest. God is faint, drunk and mad, indulges like crazy, behaves like a beggar, defeats the ancestors, and insults the parents ’home. Shame, wife and concubine weep, how can we stand in the world and be famous as a human being? The motto is in, thinking day and night.
Translation: The words "cultivation" and "reading" are the treasures of heirship, the words "thrift" and "qin" are for the family, and the words "let" and "forbearance" are the roots of the family. The words ", thief" are necessary for home protection, the words "嫖" and "moderate" are the road to death, and the words "violent" and "fierce" are the sources of defeat. Do not be suspicious of others, do not listen to unfavorable solidarity, do not do things that cause public outrage, and do not engage in acts of public interest. Bad behaviors should be curbed as soon as possible when they are in business. They must not develop bad habits. The most important thing is to be practical and honest. Although there are many offspring and mediocre talents, it is the greatest misfortune. Although the wealth is not rich, the way is the greatest shame. The court is noisy and unreasonable. It is the greatest decline. The communication is wide and evil, which is the greatest. offense. There are few poems in the eyes of the offspring, there is no reason in the chest, the spirit is debilitating, and the etiquette is as ignorant as the idiot, but it is insatiable, the temperament is as narrow as a beggar, it defeats the ancestors ’family business, degrading their parents’ reputation, Shame, wife and concubine wept for it, how can such a person be called "human" and live in the world? The above motto of being at home should be read day and night, keeping in mind.
Zhang Han : The year of birth and death is unknown. The Qin Dynasty generals fought against Xiang Yu in Julu and Jiyuan, but because of Zhao Gao's exclusive power, he refused Zhang Zhang's request, and then descended the feathers, and was established as the King of Yong, west of Wang Xianyang, all in waste Qiu; later Han Han Han Xin was destroyed.
Zhang Huan: Zi Zihou (1035-1105), a native of Pucheng (now Fujian) in Jianzhou, Minister of the Northern Song Dynasty. Jin Jin was born and was once sent by Wang Anshi to handle minority issues. After Zhezong pro-government, he was appointed prime minister. As a result of the change in Xixia 's policy, the war resumed. When discussing the issue with Zhezong, he believed that Huizong could not stand alone and severely cracked down on the old school. After being reigned, Huizong was repeatedly derogated.
Zhang Heng: Nephew of Zhangye tribe, Minister of Northern Song Dynasty. During the Renzong years of high school, he passed through the three dynasties of Renzong, Shenzong, and Zhezong, and frequently changed his position as a local official. He dared to criticize the current disadvantages and served as an envoy to Liaoning. His literary martial arts strategy surprised the Liao people.
Zhang Yue: Minister of the Northern Song Dynasty. Wang Anshi's implementation of the New Deal was a major event in the history of the Song Dynasty , and Zhang Yue, a talented Pucheng genius who was known at that time, had played an important role in this major event.
Zhang Jian : Fenning of Longxing Prefecture (now Xiushui, Jiangxi Province), Minister of Southern Song Dynasty . After ten years of Xianchun, tired officials and right ambassadors and secret ambassadors. He is generous and omnipotent in everything, he is called "Man Chaohuan". Residents are clean and impoverished.
Zhang Yi: Longquan, Zhejiang Province, Minister of the early Ming Dynasty. Mr. Liu Ji, Song Yan, and Ye Chen also called Mr. Four respected by Zhu Yuanzhang . Tired officials to the official Shizhong and praise the doctor.
Zhang Huang: Confucian classics scholar of the Ming dynasty , character copy Qing, Nanchang, Lushan Bailudong Academy, Dongzhu, Shuntianfu (now Beijing) Confucian instruction. He has high morals and good learning, and has known him since he met Matteo Ricci . One day, Matteo became ill, but the friends who visited him were still in a constant stream. Zhang Huang saw that he was overwhelmed, bad for his physical recovery, and due to his good faith, he asked Matteo "to tell the servant about the visit. "The guest said that I was not at home," Matteo Ricci said, "we generally don't tell lies and we can't lie." This statement won the respect of many friends. Zhang Huan: Qing Dynasty scholar and father of Zhang Xuecheng . According to Zhang's Posthumous Testament: "Little orphan, the ancestor's posthumous documents are lost, and the poor can't buy books, but borrowed from others ... tirelessly." After years of hard work, he finally passed the exam. However, due to the fact that Zhang Jin, a jinshi in the examination, was not good at drilling camps, the court did not grant him half a job . It wasn't until the Sixteenth Year of Qianlong (1751) nine years later, that due to the recommendation of his fellow citizens in the imperial court, Zhang Xun was awarded the county magistrate of Yingcheng County , Hubei, and began his ten-year career as an official and teacher in Yingcheng and Tianmen.
Zhang Huan: Qiantang (now Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province), Minister of the Qing Dynasty . During the Qianlong reign, he held various positions in the Cabinet, Shuan and Gan Xuexue, Hubei Chief Minister, Governor of Hubei, and Shangshu Shu. Tired officials to the Minister of Warplanes , bachelor of Tongge University .
Zhang Huan: She County (now Ningbo, Zhejiang Province), Minister and poet of Qing Dynasty. Xianfeng Renzi Enke champion, tired officials to Guozi Jijiu. He is the author of "The Manuscript of Wangyun Pavilion". Zhang Zhaoda: Wu Xingwukang (now Zhejiang Province), general Chen of the Southern Dynasty. His mood is severe, and he is good at generals, and has served in Dingzhou assassination history, governor, general of the town, and general of car riding for his military achievements. Zhang Quanyi: A native of Shushu in the Tang Dynasty . He lost his father from an early age and was raised by his brother Zhang Quanqi. His mother was ill. Zhang Quanqi cut off the meat on his thigh and gave it to his mother. The mother's illness was really good. Afterwards, Zhang Quanqi traveled and died in the hotel. Zhang Quanyi was grateful for his brother's kindness and made a mourning costume. Because Zhang Quanqi once cut his own meat for his mother to eat, he burned his fingers with fire to repeatedly experience his brother's pain. He also wrote a "Fahua Jing" in silver, reading morning and evening. Understand the truth. Later, he built a house in Fulou Lane, Chengdu, and set up a furnace for alchemy. He lives alone in this room without a servant, and earns money for alchemy. When the number reaches one or two gold, a Buddha statue is engraved.
Zhang Chengmeng: the word is right, Zhang Zhongxiangzi, birth and death without examination. Born in Tonglu, Zhejiang Province in the Tang Dynasty, he was the ancestor of the Zhang family in Fuchun (now Fuyang, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province). To Xiaoxing said, the name is Mr. Xiaobiao. One day, You Dong Jiedu's Li Shen curtain coincided with the snow, and poetry was enjoyed by the gentleman. In the fourteenth year of Tang Xianzong Yuan (819), the scholars and scholars were enrolled and the school scholars were awarded. Emperor Tang Wenzong of Taihezhong (circa 831), was engaged in Tangshan Southeast Road, tried the judges of the Dali, and was the official secretary. He is the author of a collection of poems " Xintang Book and Literature" published to the world.
Zhang Dexiang : Pucheng (now Fujian), Zhang Tsai Junxuan Sun, Minister of the Northern Song Dynasty. Born in Jinshi, Ren Zong was in office for eight years. He had no use for the relatives of the Patriarchal Party, and was silent on the reforms implemented by Fan Zhongyan and so on. Zhang Qingsun: Shu people of the Yuan Dynasty , whose real name is Liu . Young was Zhang to raise his son, then surnamed Zhang . After losing 38 years with his mother Fu Shi , he visited the counties in Jiangxi to welcome them.
Zhang Xuecheng: Zi Shizhai (1738-1801), a native of Hueiji (now Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province), a famous thinker, historian, and ethnographer in the Qing Dynasty. Scholars from Qianlong, Zeng Guan Guozi Jian classics, lectured in Dingzhou Dingwu, Baoding Lianchi, Gui De Wenzheng and other colleges. Later Governor Hu Guang, the Governor of Biji , assisted in compiling books such as "Continuing Capital Management ". Author of "Literature of History and History", "Examination of Historical Books" and so on.
Zhang Binglin: No. Tai Yan, a native of Yuhang, Zhejiang Province, a modern democratic revolutionary, thinker and scholar. He has participated in the Reform Movement , the Second Revolution and the Law Protection Movement . He also participated in the formation of the Confederation, and later participated in the Alliance. He is highly accomplished in modern Chinese philosophy, literature, history, and linguistics. There are "Chapter Series", "Chapter Series" and "Chapter Three Series" and so on.
Zhang Shizhao : a native of Changsha, Hunan Province, a modern democratic revolutionary, educator, and scholar. Early newspapers preached the revolution and formed the Huaxing Society with Huang Xing. After participating in the Second Revolution, the country, law protection movement. He once served as the Chief Education Officer and the Chief Justice of the Beiyang Government. After liberation, he served as the director of the Cultural History Museum and a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. There are "Manuscripts of Jiayin Magazine", "Famous Novels", "Logical Essentials" and so on.
Zhang Xiaoci: Fenghua of Zhejiang Province, the son of Jiang Jingguo , and Zhang Xiaoyan's twin brother. Less than half a year, her mother Zhang Yaruo died early and was raised by her grandmother. In order not to damage the reputation of the Jiang family, the Zhang brothers did not officially enter the Jiang family, and their surnames could only be given their mother's surname. Although he cannot be named Jiang , Jiang Jieshi personally gave his name to filial piety and filial piety, ranking him among the third generation of "filial piety". In October 1994, Zhang Xiaoci unfortunately suffered a sudden cerebral hemorrhage when returning to the academic seminar in mainland China. He died of illness in Taipei in 1995. In 1997, Zhang Xiaoyan, then the "foreign minister" of Taiwan, received a joint letter from three Chiang family heads from his hometown in Zhejiang, acknowledging that he and Zhang Xiaoci were descendants of the Jiang family. However, Zhang Xiaoci is no longer on earth and it is a pity.
Zhang Xiaoyan: Born in Fenghua, Zhejiang Province, born in Guilin, Guangxi, the son of Jiang Jingguo. He was brought to Taiwan in 1949 and settled in Hsinchu. Soochow University graduated from the Department of Foreign Languages and was sent to the "Ministry of Defense Political Operations Corps" as a political war reserve officer. After retiring, coached at Huwei Middle School. In 1968, he passed the "Special Examination for Foreign Consular Personnel Class B" and entered the "Ministry of Foreign Affairs". After one year, he went to the University of Leuven to study French. After returning to Taiwan, he worked in the archives of the "Ministry of Foreign Affairs" and served as a staff member and secretary of the "Embassy" in the United States. In 1977, he was re-designated as the Section Chief of the "First Section of the North American Division". In 1979 he was promoted to the Deputy Director of the "North America Division" and the Deputy Secretary-General of the "North American Affairs Coordination Committee". In December 1989, he dispatched the director of the Kuomintang Central Committee Overseas Work Conference and the publisher of Sino-foreign Art Magazine to promote overseas party affairs. During his tenure, members of the Kuomintang Party in the United States established the "Overseas China Association", and returned to the "Ministry of Foreign Affairs" in August 1990 as the undersecretary of government. In March 1993, he was re-appointed as the chairman of the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission. Member of the 13th KMT Central Committee.