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Guliang

Distribution area

Xiahuang County: In the Qin Dynasty, Xia County was established in the northwestern area of Suining, Jiangsu. In the fifteenth year of Yongping in the Eastern Han Dynasty (Ren Shen, 72 AD), Linhuai County was changed to Xiayu Kingdom, and during the Song Dynasty of the North and South Dynasties, it was changed to Xiayu County. It is located in the north of Xinyi County and Yi County of Jiangsu Province, south of Jiashan County of Anhui Province, and east of Lianshui County, Huaian City, and Qingjiang City of Jiangsu Province. Xihe County: In ancient times, the county referred to different things. During the Spring and Autumn Period, the western border of Weiguo was called Xihe along the Yellow River, which is now known as Junxian County and Huaxian County.

Historical source

Gu Liang (Gǔ liáng) surname originated

1. Originated from farming operations, from the grain planting industry, belonging to the name of the article. In ancient times, there were some tribes with relatively developed agriculture. They were proud to be able to grow high-quality millet. In the ancient times, they were called beams. Therefore, clan leaders who are good at planting beams use Guliang as their surname. His descendants Guliang was then used as the surname, and later the valley character was simplified to the valley character, and the beam character evolved and changed to the beam character, hence the name Guliang . 2. Derived from the place name, from ancient Guliang City, belongs to the name of Juyi. The ancestors of the place of residence were named after the place. In ancient times, there was a county called Guboling (equivalent to the current counties of Anping, Anguo, and other counties in Hebei Province). There was a city in the county called Guliang City. The people who lived there were named by the place name, called Guliang. Because in the ancient times "gu" was the traditional word for "gu", it is also called the Guliang family because it is common in pronunciation. After Spring and Autumn, Gu Liang Fu's surname gradually evolved into single surname Gu or single surname Liang .

Migration distribution

The family surname of Gu Liang or an ancient Han surname, but the total population is not included in the top 300 of the 100 surnames in mainland China and Taiwan Province, and is ranked 450th in the Song version of "100 surnames". The seven-position gate valve has a history of more than 2,800 years, and the Wangs are from Xiayu County and Xihe County. The surname Gu Liang was not included in the top 100 of the 100 surnames on the mainland and Taiwan. Gu Liangyi is known to the world, mainly due to Gu Liangchi, the author of "Spring and Autumn Guliang Biography". Although Gu Liangchi has no direct relationship with Confucius , he can still be classified as a Confucian. Because his teacher Zi Xia was one of Confucius' proud pupils. Regarding the source of Gu Liang's surname, many ancient books put forward roughly the same view, as described above. Tracing the source from "Last Name Survival", we can see that Gu Liang's family looked down, and from "Last Name Survival", it can be seen that Gu Liang's family looked down, because Gu simplified to Gu and Liang evolved into Liang , Because of Gu Liang as the family name. "Yuanhe Surname Compilation" also mentions that "there is a Guliang family ." From these documents, we can know that Guliang family is an ancient complex surname originating in Shandong Province. It was named in the Spring and Autumn Period, and it has been over 2800 years. history. According to Gu Liangchi's book "Biography of the Spring and Autumn Valley" mentioned in "The General Chronicles of the Clan", it has a good reputation in China's academic circles. The family had moved to Xiayu in the Tang Dynasty , which is now the eastern part of Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province. After Spring and Autumn, Gu Liang Fu's surname gradually evolved into single surname Gu or single surname Liang. Therefore, ancient and modern celebrity dictionaries, it is difficult to find Gu Liang's celebrities.

Chenji Town, Dingtao County, Dingtao County, Heze, Shandong Province, has 5 villages with a surname of about tens of thousands, all of which are called after Guliangchi. The " Clan Genealogy" records: "The ancestor of the Gu family surnamed Gu Liang, the name is red, the character began ... The Gao Ding of the appropriate Han dynasty passed the Lu Yitai sacrifice to Confucius ... but it was borrowed from Cao Yu." Xiguzhuang was the earliest and was built in the early years of the Western Han Dynasty. The ancient tombstones still remain after the Guliang Red Tomb at the Tang Temple in Guzhuang.

Hall number

Xia Tong Church: Yi Wang Church.
Xihe Church: Li Wang Church.

Celebrities

Gu Liangchi: Lu nationality in the Warring States Period, a disciple of Xia, author of "Biography of Spring and Autumn Valley". His story was originally only circulated by mouth, and it was written as "Biography of Spring and Autumn Valley" by the Western Han Dynasty. "Biography of the Spring and Autumn Valley" is also known as "Biography of the Valley and Spring" or "Biography of the Valley and Liang", which is the work of the School of Classics and Classics. It started in the first year of Luyin AD (722 BC), and finally the fourth year of Gong Luai (BC In 481), the genre is similar to that of Gongyang Biography , interpreting the Scriptures in the form of question and answer, focusing on the "righteousness" of "Spring and Autumn", and holding a fairer view than Gongyang Biography, is an important material for studying ancient Confucianism .
Gu Liangshu: At the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, the Lu nationality in the Spring and Autumn Period, the fifteen volumes of "Spring and Autumn", Ju Lu country is a celebrity.

Last name culture