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Chu

Distribution area

Gangneung-gun: It was originally a She-gun of the Chu Kingdom in the Spring and Autumn Period, and was set up in Gangneung County during the Han Dynasty as the South County Office. During the Northern and Southern Dynasties , Qi was reorganized in Jiangling County, where it was governed in Jiangling (now Jiangling, Hubei). At that time, its jurisdiction was in Jiangling County, Hubei Province, and eastern Sichuan. Xinping County: Xinping County is located in Xinping County, north of the Sui Dynasty.

Historical source

Chu (Chǔ) surname originated

1. Derived from the surname of Xi , from the fiefdom of Xiongyi, the great-grandson of Xiong Xiong, the descendant of Gaoyang by Emperor Zhou Cheng . 2. Derived from the surname of Ji , from Ji Linchu , a doctor of Lu State in the Spring and Autumn Period, belonging to the ancestor's name. 3. It originated from the change of surname. It came from the clan minister Suiliang during the Tang Dynasty . 4. Originated from the surname of Ji, from Chu Long, the family member of Zhao Xiangzi, a doctor of the Jin Dynasty , in the Spring and Autumn Period, and belongs to the ancestor's name. 5. Originated from the Mongolian ethnic group , and belongs to Hanization and changed the surname to the surname. 6. Originating from the Manchu , belongs to Hanization and changed the surname to the clan. 7. Originated from the Dai nationality , and belongs to the Han nationality and changed the surname to the family name. 8. Originated from other ethnic minorities, and belongs to Hanization and changed the surname to the last name. 9. According to legend, the Chu family originated from the ancient sage Chu Lao.

Ancestor

Xiong Yi. The founder of the Chu Kingdom of the Western Zhou Dynasty , the King of Wen, the great-grandson of Xiong, a descendant of Xiong Ying. At the beginning of the week, the Xiong Ying clan helped the prince Wu Geng to rebel against Zhou. After failure, he was forced to go south and set Jingshan (now Nanzhang, Hubei) as a base, with another plan for development. When Xiong Yi was born, Cheng Wangnian and Xiong Xiong's achievements sealed his capital in Danyang, the country name Jing, and his son. Later, he moved his capital to Yu and began to change his country name to Chu. Chu was the largest vassal state in the South during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty and was once very powerful. Chu was destroyed in the Qin Dynasty in the late Warring States Period. Later generations were descended to commemorate their homeland. There were those who used the country as their clan and called the surname of Chu.
Migration distribution
During the Song Dynasty, the surname of Chu was about 48,000, mainly distributed in Henan, Sichuan, Hebei, Guangxi, and Jiangxi. Henan is the largest province of the Chu surname, accounting for about 40% of the total population of the Chu surname in the country. During the Ming Dynasty, the population of the Chu family dropped sharply, less than 10,000, and the distribution was mainly concentrated in Shandong, Hebei, Hunan, Henan, and Ningxia. The contemporary Chu surname has a population of about 280,000, which is the 252 large surname, which accounts for about 0.023% of the national population. In the 1000 years since the Song Dynasty, the population growth rate of the Chu surname is V-shaped. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in Henan, Hebei, Sichuan, and Hunan. These four provinces account for about 73% of the total population of the Chu family. Henan is the largest province of the Chu family and accounts for about 40% of the total population of the Chu family. Secondly distributed in Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Heilongjiang, Shandong, Anhui and other places. The frequency distribution of Chu surnames in the population shows: in Henan, Hubei, Chongqing, Hebei, Jinjing, Beijing and Tianjin, most of Shaanning, southeast of Gansu, east of Sichuan, north of Guizhou, northwest of Guangxi, most of Hunan, northwest of Jiangxi, most of Jiangsu, Anhui and Lu, Inner Mongolia In the northeast, Heilongjiang and most parts of Jilin, the proportion of the Chu surname to the local population is generally above 0.04%, and the central area can reach 0.2%. The area covered by the Shengshi is about 26.2% of the total area of the country, and about 81% of the people live in Chu. Last name crowd.
Hall number

The main hall names of the Chu surname are: "Bingde Hall", "Jiangling Hall", "Gang Jie Hall", "Zizhi Hall", "Listening Snow Hall" and so on.

Clan characteristics

1. During the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Period, the ancestors of Chu once performed well, but died after the Qin Dynasty, but suddenly disappeared. It can be said that the Chu surname had been relatively quiet before the Song Dynasty.
2. The surnames Chu and Xiong, Jing, and Mi can be said to be different branches and leaves of the same tree.
3. The unique applicable couplets of the Chu surname are: "Put together five uncles in spring and autumn, leap to the seventh male in the Warring States Period", "Si Chenxing missed all generations, and the Soviet Union and Taiwan are all over the world", "Bing Bing transit in Song Dynasty, General Biao in Yuan Dynasty "Wait.

Celebrities

Chu Yan: Born in Gaocheng, Kaifeng (now Yanjin, Henan Province), an astronomer in the Song Dynasty . Less pass four letters. You got the magic of "Nine Chapters", "Antiques of the Ancients", and "Spells". The method of Ming Xiang and "Zhu Su Jing", the number of good yin and yang, ephemeris. Since Chen tried the "Xuanming Calendar", he has supplemented the students of Tianjian, and moved to Zhangzhang. Renzong Tiansheng created a new calendar, granted Lingtai Lang, and made "Chongtian Calendar". Enter the Secretary of the Tianjian. Later, he created the "Si Chenxing Missing Calendar", and the official ended up under the supervision of the Secretary.
Chu Yan: Anfeng Mengcheng (now Anhui Province), a general in the Yuan Dynasty . Chu Shijin, a defense ambassador for the town general and Shouchun House. Jin died, Song was surrendered, and fate was held in Suzhou. For 11 years, Wokuotai Khan surrendered Mongolia to Yizhou and defended it. Song Bing came and attacked and the city died.

Last name culture